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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Colour and lighten of hair (basic colouring) 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114839  Colour and lighten of hair (basic colouring) 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Hairdressing Cosmetology and Beauty 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Personal Care 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2007-05-15  2009-04-08  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2010-04-08   2013-04-08  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
262584  Perform an advanced hair colouring service  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12  Complete 
262606  Perform a hair colouring service  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The person credited with this unit standard will be able to provide a basic hair colouring and lightening service. They will be able to analyse the hair and scalp in order to provide the required colouring and lightening service. They will also be able to apply temporary, semi, semi and permanent hair colouring techniques. The learner will also be able to lighten the hair according to requirements. They will also be able to fulfill an effective after colouring and lightening service which will enhance the service provided.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Analysing hair, scalp and identifying natural colour of hair and determine the required colour service.
  • Performing a temporary hair colour service.
  • Performing a semi and semi hair colour service.
  • Performing a permanent colour service.
  • Performing a lightening colour service. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this qualification will have demonstrated competence against the unit standards in the National Certificate in Hairdressing at NQF Level 3 or equivalent. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Professional manner is assessed according to aspects such as ethical standards, commitment to service, personal and interpersonal skills, body language, tone of voice, posture and personal appearance.
    Safety precautions that must be demonstrated for assessment includes:
  • Provide proof that a patch test was performed prior to a colouring service;
  • Protection of client's clothes and face;
  • Testing of water temperature to ensure client comfort;
  • Control of water pressure;
  • Protection of client's head against banging or scratching;
  • Using clean towels and tools;
  • Sharp instruments are handled with care;
  • Manufacturer's instructions are followed;
  • Barrier products are applied around hairline;
  • Hands are protected by wearing gloves;
  • Lids on chemicals are replaced immediately after use;
  • Jewellery is removed before application of chemicals;
  • Chemicals are not mixed in metal containers;
  • Maximum processing time is not exceeded. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Perform a temporary hair colour service. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The client's hair is prepared for the colour service according to manufacturer's instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Temporary colour is applied in a professional manner according to manufacturer's instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The final colour result is checked on dry hair and recorded on the client record card. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Safe and hygienic work practices are demonstrated throughout the service. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Analyse hair, scalp and identify natural colour of hair and determine the required colour service. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The workstation is prepared for a temporary colour service 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The client is consulted with, in a professional manner to analyse hair and scalp condition, identify natural hair colour and to establish colour and style requirements 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Information is recorded on the client record card 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The client is gowned and protected in readiness for a colour or lightening service according to salon procedures 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform a semi and semi hair colour service. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The client's hair is prepared for the colour service according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Semi permanent colour is applied in a professional manner according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The colour development is monitored, timed and checked according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The colour is emulsified and thoroughly removed according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The final colour result is checked on dry hair and recorded on the client record card 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    An effective hair colouring service is produced within a commercially viable time and safety and hygienic work practices are demonstrated throughout the service 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform a permanent colour service. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The client's hair is prepared for the colour service according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The correct quantities of colouring products are mixed and applied according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Permanent colour is applied in a professional manner according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The colour development is monitored, timed and checked according to operational requirements 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The colour is emulsified and thoroughly removed according to manufacturer's instructions 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Perform a lightening colour service. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The selected lightening products are mixed according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The mixture is applied according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The colour development is monitored, timed and checked according to desired outcome 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The hair is rinsed thoroughly to remove all traces of lightening product 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    After care products are applied according to manufacturer's instructions 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The final lightening result is checked on dry hair and the information recorded 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Sales opportunities are identified throughout the hair colouring service and a follow up appointment is secured and the customer record card is computed according to requirement 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    In regard to the theory of colour
  • Explain Colour with reference to Physics, including white light and the colour spectrum, light and colour in art, white light and the prism, the logic of the rainbow's colours, and light as a stream of particles.
  • Explain Colour with reference to Chemistry, Biology, Psychology and technology.
  • Explain the source of colour with reference to the properties of light, and tints and shades.
  • Discuss colour with reference to primary, secondary and tertiary colours.
  • State and explain the laws of colour with reference to:
    - The colour star or colour wheel;
    - Creating colours from primary and secondary colours;
    - Neutralisation of colours;
    - Complementary colours;
    - Intensification of colours.
  • To explain natural hair pigmentation with reference to:
    - Formation of natural pigments;
    - The pigments naturally occurring in melanin;
    - Types of melanin;
    - The four natural hair colours;
    - Greying of the hair;
    - Albinism;
    - White hair;
    - Types of pigment granules.
  • Explain hair colourants with reference to:
    - Temporary colour (Azo dyes);
    - Colour frictions (plastic bonded colours);
    - Other temporary colour;
    - Semi-permanent colouring (nitro dye);
    - Permanent colour and oxidation tints;
    - Vegetable dyes including Henna, Gallnuts - pyrogallol, Camomile and other vegetable dyes including those with metallic salts, and non professional products with metallic dyes or colour restorers.
  • To explain how a tint works with reference to the different dye intermediates and their:
    - Effect on the hair shaft;
    - The oxidation process and what it means;
    - Types of vegetable colourants.
  • Discuss and explain permanent hair colourants with reference to:
    - The ingredients and function of tints;
    - The functions of tints;
    - Dangers of Para dyes.
  • Explain the diagnosis and Analysis of hair and scalp for the tinting process with reference to:
    - Scalp condition;
    - Condition of the hair;
    - Hair texture and porosity;
    - The analysis sheet.
  • Discuss and explain colour selection with reference to:
    - The tint shade chart;
    - The desired new level of colour, bearing in mind that what the client wants is paramount;
    - Taking into account the inadequacies of artificial light in deciding on colour;
    - The effect of other coloured objects on colour choice;
    - The tint manufacturer's colour card;
    - The reflect colour or hue;
    - The hairdresser's role in selecting colour for a client with reference to the complexion of the client, examining the hair for colour selection, groupings of basic colours, how to use a shade chart, the strand test for prior chemical treatments, the strand test for colour assessment, and taking past treatments into account;
    - The factors determining colour choice.

    Discuss and explain coverage of \grey hair with reference to:
    - Coverage;
    - Mixing the colour;
    - Application of tint;
    - Timing of the tint on the hair;
    - Observe development of colour .
  • Discuss hydrogen peroxide with reference to:
    - The uses of H202;
    - H202 strengths and what we mean by "volume" of peroxide, conversion of peroxide strength from % to volume and vice versa, dilution of hydrogen peroxide, the peroxide dilution table, and measuring the strength of hydrogen peroxide;
    - Oxidation of Para pigments;
    - Factors that result in the decomposition of H202;
    - Storage of H202.
  • Discuss high lifting tints.
  • Discuss toners or colour additives.
  • Explain the need for after tint treatment.
  • Pre- and post-tint treatments with reference to pre-softening and pre-pigmentation of the hair, the procedure if Pre-pigmentation fails, and correcting the electrical imbalance of the hair (ionization).
  • Discuss combination colouring.
  • Discuss tinting after pre-bleaching, and colour fillers.
  • To give an account of colour reduction or tint removal.


    In connection with safety precautions as applied to hair colouring and lightening
  • Demonstrate that you are conversant with, and are able to apply, the safety precautions involved in every step of hair colouring including:
    - Testing the hair for prior chemical processes;
    - Testing the hair for metallic salts;
    - The patch test for allergy or sensitivity;
    - Those that apply to the handling of tools.
  • Demonstrate the sanitation and sterilisation procedures and precautions involved in every step of hair colouring and lightening, including the sterilisation of implements and tools.
  • Assemble an equipment trolley.


    In connection with Permanent Colouring
  • Complete an Analysis Sheet to select colour and oxidant strength.
  • Apply tint by demonstrating the following steps:
    - To clean the hair and gown the client;
    - To mix the tint;
    - To section the hair;
    - To apply the tint;
    - To apply tint to long hair; regrowth and virgin hair
    - To apply semi permanent colour as if it were tint;
    - To demonstrate the correct use of development time;
    - To use additional heat when required;
    - To demonstrate tinting close to natural colour;
    - To demonstrate the removal of the tint and the proper aftercare procedure.
  • Explain and exhibit an understanding of: the procedure for pre-pigmentation.
  • Exhibit how to correct the electrical imbalance of the hair.
  • Exhibit three methods for pre-softening.
  • Perform strand tests for prior chemical treatments, and for colour assessment, to test for metallic salts, and to perform the patch test for allergies.
  • Exhibit the colour reduction process, to test for colour reduction, and tinting highly bleached black hair back to the original colour.
  • Explain various techniques for fashion colouring.


    In regard to bleaching of hair
  • Discuss the principles of hair lightening by bleaching with reference to:
    - Action of bleach on the hair shaft;
    - Action of bleach on pigment;
    - Types of bleach;
    - Ingredients and function of bleach preparation and the active life of a bleach once applied.
  • Discuss the bleaching process with reference to:
    - Diagnosis of natural hair colour;
    - The problems of natural orange pigment and prior tints;
    - Hair porosity;
    - Choice of bleaching agent;
    - Mixing hydrogen peroxide into bleach powder;
    - Applying the bleach;
    - The use of heat and its effect on the bleaching process;
    - Processing time;
    - Stages of lightening;
    - Colour toners;
    - Stages of bleaching;
    - Bleaching problems;
    - Highlighting techniques and their effects;
    - Selection of aftercare products;
    - The problem of creeping oxidation.


    In connection with safety precautions as applied to hair colouring and lightening
  • Demonstrate that you are conversant with, and are able to apply, the safety precautions involved in every step of hair bleaching including:
    - Testing the hair for prior chemical processes;
    - Testing the hair for metallic salts;
    - The patch test for allergy or sensitivity;
    - Those that apply to the handling of tools.
  • Demonstrate the sanitation and sterilisation procedures and precautions involved in every step of hair colouring and lightening, including the sterilisation of implements and tools.
  • To assemble an equipment trolley.
  • Demonstrate the application of bleach both as a retouch and as an application to virgin hair and:
    - To clean the hair and gown the client;
    - To mix the bleach;
    - To section the hair;
    - To apply the bleach to virgin hair and as a retouch.
  • Demonstrate various fashion techniques with bleach including slicing, scrunching, highlights, the cap method of applying highlights, woven highlights, tipping and the bleach bath.
  • Complete the Hair Lightener Analysis Sheet accurately and in detail. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 262606, which is "Perform a hair colouring service", Level 3, 10 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  64651   Further Education and Training Certificate: Hairdressing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-04-08  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.