SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Use labour intensive construction methods to construct and maintain roads and stormwater drainage 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114916  Use labour intensive construction methods to construct and maintain roads and stormwater drainage 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Civil Engineering Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who are assessed as competent against this unit standard will be able to plan and set out for Labour Intensive Construction (LIC) roads, earthworks layer works and drainage, understand and explain basic LIC earthmoving methods, Perform Labour intensive earthworks, layer works and drainage works, road finishing works, and road maintenance works.

The Unit Standard contributes to the development of a professional community of Construction
Supervisors. The contribution to The National Skills Development Strategy is the key developmental interface between learners and new competencies to be achieved.

Labour Intensive Construction is a mechanism for the provision of work and for the entry of unemployed labour into the industry It also contributes to socio-economic transformation in that learners would be able to undergo RPL-assessment and thereby receive recognition for previous learning and experience. The employability and career prospects of learners can therefore be enhanced by this qualification. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
NQF level 1/ABET level 3 Numeracy and Literacy 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The learning outcomes in this unit standard will enable a learner to supervise a labour intensive team/single activity, within one field or area of works.

1. Labour Intensive Construction activities include a broad spectrum of works involving the excavating, loading, handling, hauling, unloading, spreading, placing, mixing, levelling, compacting, erecting and screeding of various natural and manufactured construction materials.

2. Setting out for roads using LIC methods includes:
  • Straight lines
  • Reference pegs
  • Offsets
  • Horizontal curves
  • Height and level
  • Slope and gradient
  • Vertical curves
  • Road and drain cross sections, and
  • Measurement

    3. Basic LIC earthmoving methods include:
  • Clearing and grubbing
  • Stripping topsoil
  • Excavation
  • Transportation of construction materials
  • Placing and backfilling
  • Watering, mixing, spreading and levelling of materials
  • Compaction
  • Measurement and
  • Implementation of quality process and acceptance control principles and methods

    4. Road construction activities include:
  • Layer works
  • Earthworks
  • Construction of drains
  • Stabilisation
  • Macadam layers: water-bound, slurry bound and composite
  • Gravel and bituminous wearing courses
  • Concrete works
  • Stone masonry
  • Culverts
  • Drifts, and berms
  • Gabions, and mattresses
  • Concrete block paving wearing course
  • Finishing works such as road signs, guardrails, road marking, stone pitching and erosion protection, fencing and landscaping/grassing

    5. Maintenance includes: routine, periodic, and preventative, spot improvement, as well as unscheduled and emergency maintenance. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan and set out for LIC roads, earthworks layer works and drainage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Information is extracted accurately from drawings, specifications and instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A works programme is developed for a LIC road works project. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Understand and explain basic LIC earthmoving methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    LIC principles for earthmoving activities are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Earthmoving methods are described according to established LI construction norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Principles and characteristics of natural gravels and soils are explained according to construction and testing principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Changes to quantities of soils in their different states are explained according to bulking principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    LIC quality control procedures are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform labour intensive earthworks, layer works and drainage works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Quantities are measured for completed works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform labour intensive road finishing works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Finishing activities are identified timeously and implemented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the finishing works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Productivity of finishing activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Quantities are measured for completed finishing works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Perform labour intensive road maintenance works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Maintenance interventions for road works are identified and described according to LIC principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The recommendations of a maintenance management system are implemented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Productivity of maintenance activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Quantities are measured for completed maintenance works and tasks according to LIC procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Quality control LIC procedures are implemented for maintenance activities according to project specifications. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA for this unit standard or a similar unit standard at a higher NQF Level.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • The relevant ETQA, or other appropriate ETQA's who have a Memorandum of Understanding in place with the relevant ETQA, would be responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Understand and explain:
  • Labour Intensive Construction Principles, and methods pertaining to construction, rehabilitation, and maintenance of road and storm water drainage systems
  • Terms and words used in road construction
  • The concept of tasks and task norms
  • Compaction techniques and bulking of materials
  • Measurement and payment of earthworks, layer works and drainage works according to specifications and pay items
  • "Balancing" of labour requirements for activities
  • The importance of adequate drainage and the effects on road maintenance and their related costs 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems.

    Evident in the following:

    Specific Outcomes:
  • Plan and set out for LIC roads, earthworks layer works and drainage;
  • Perform Labour intensive earthworks, layer works and drainage works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures;
  • Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others.

    Evident in the following:

    Specific Outcomes:
  • Plan and set out for LIC roads, earthworks layer works and drainage;
  • Perform Labour intensive earthworks, layer works and drainage works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures;
  • LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works;
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Employ self-management.

    Evident in the following:

    Specific Outcomes:
  • Plan and set out for LIC roads, earthworks layer works and drainage;
  • Perform Labour intensive earthworks, layer works and drainage works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures;
  • LIC principles and methods are incorporated in the works;
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms;
  • Productivity of activities are measured and improved according to LIC and construction methods;
  • Quantities are measured for completed works and tasks according to LIC procedures;
  • Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Manage information.

    Evident in the following:

    Specific Outcome:
  • Plan and set out for LIC roads, earthworks layer works and drainage.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Information is extracted accurately from drawings, specifications and instructions;
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures;
  • A works programme is developed for a LIC roadworks project;
  • Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively.

    Evident in the following:

    Specific Outcomes:
  • Plan and set out for LIC roads, earthworks layer works and drainage;
  • Perform Labour intensive earthworks, layer works and drainage works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures;
  • A works programme is developed for a LIC roadworks project;
  • Labour teams and tasks are applied according to established task norms. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Demonstrate scientific and technological competence.

    Evident in the following:

    Specific Outcomes:
  • Plan and set out for LIC roads, earthworks layer works and drainage;
  • Perform Labour intensive road finishing works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Levels and profiles are set out in accordance with survey information, drawings and LIC procedures;
  • Quality control LIC procedures are implemented according to project specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand Contextual world-systems.

    Evident in the following:

    Specific Outcomes:
  • Plan and set out for LIC roads, earthworks layer works and drainage;
  • Perform Labour intensive road finishing works.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Preplanning of activities is performed according to LIC procedures;
  • Changes to quantities of soils in their different states are explained according to bulking principles;
  • Finishing activities are identified timeously and implemented. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Learner and societal development. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49411   General Education and Training Certificate: Construction  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  49410   National Certificate: Construction  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.