SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Recognise, record and report hazards associated with geological discontinuities 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
115667  Recognise, record and report hazards associated with geological discontinuities 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to rock engineering personnel who are responsible for the identification and demarcation of hazards associated with geological structures in working places.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of geological structures;
  • Demonstrate the ability to identify geological structures and their associated hazards;
  • Demonstrate the ability to record and communicate the hazards.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the upliftment and economic growth of the mining and minerals sector. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • National Introductory Certificate to Mining and Minerals ( Level 1).
  • Demonstrate basic knowledge and understanding of geology related to mining. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate basic knowledge of geological discontinuities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explanations of various geological discontinuities confirm understanding. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Geological discontinuities must include the following:
  • Faults
  • Dykes/ Sills
  • Joints
  • Slips
  • Shear zones
  • Domes
  • Rolls
  • Ball-and-pillow structures
  • Crossbedding
  • Bedding planes / Layering
  • Potholes
  • Slumps
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A basic explanation of the fall of ground hazard associated with geological structures is given. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hazards must include the following:
  • Stress levels induced by feature
  • Poor orientation of feature
  • Alteration of surrounding rock
  • Frequency of joints
  • Block sizes
  • Separation on the geological structure plane
  • Intersection of features.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate the ability to identify hazards associated with geological structures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    All tools, material and equipment required for hazard identification are selected, examined and ready for use in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Mine-specific geological hazards are identified. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Geological hazards must include the following:
  • Faults
  • Dykes/ Sills
  • Joints
  • Slips
  • Shear zones
  • Domes
  • Rolls
  • Ball-and-pillow structures
  • Crossbedding
  • Bedding planes / Layering
  • Potholes
  • Slumps
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The consequences of not identifying the hazards correctly are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate the ability to record and communicate the hazards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The identified hazards are recorded in mine-specific format. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The hazards are communicated to the workers and supervisors. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Communication must include the following:
  • Verbally
  • Written
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The consequences of poor recording and communication of hazards on the safety of workers are explained. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA in accordance with the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:
  • Occupational Health and safety
  • Legal and site-specific requirements 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to recognise geological structures and identify the hazards involved. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to acknowledge hazard identification as a vital service to the team in working towards their safety. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to identify, record and communicate the hazards in accordance with the mine specific procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to reconcile the identified geological structure with a hazard indicates this proficiency. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and / or language skills in the modes of oral and / or written presentations.
  • Note: The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the hazards will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to effectively use the appropriate tools to identify hazards associated with geological discontinuities indicates proficiency. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to assess, record and report geological structures as hazards will indicate his/her proficiency in understanding that a specific action or decision can affect the safety of other workers. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology

    Specified Requirements

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act no 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act no 50/1991)
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice
  • SABS and other relevant Standards
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives

    Site-specific:
  • Managerial Instructions
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA)
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme
  • List of Recorded OH&S Risks
  • Voluntary Codes of Practice
  • Manufacturers Specifications
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications
  • Working Guides
  • Mine Standard Procedures
  • Risk Assessment Documents
  • South African Bureau of Standards and other standards


    Unit Standard Justification
  • Skills: Level 2: Moderate in range
  • Procedures: Level 2: Established and familiar.
  • Context: Level 3: Range of familiar.
  • Knowledge: Level 3: Some relevant theoretical
  • Information processing: Level 3: Interpretation of available information
  • Problem Solving: Level 3: A range of known responses to familiar problems, base on limited discretion and judgement.
  • Orientation of activities: Level 3: Directed, with some autonomy.
  • Orientation of scope of responsibility: Level 2: Some responsibility for quantity and quality, and possible responsibility for guiding others.
  • Application of responsibility: Level 3: Under general supervision quality checking.

    Average Level: 2.67
    Actual Level Assigned: 3


    Credits

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:
  • Classroom Teaching: 8 hours
  • On-The-Job Training: 24 hours
  • Total: 32 hours

    Credits Achieved: 32 / 10 = 3.2
    Credits Assigned: 3 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  60369   National Certificate: Strata Control Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    2. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 
    3. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    4. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.