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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate integrated knowledge of sanitation and the sanitation environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
115899  Demonstrate integrated knowledge of sanitation and the sanitation environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Water Sector 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The qualifying learner achieving this Unit Standard in combination with context expertise standard(s) will be able to explain sanitation, sanitation related policy, the sanitation environment, sustainability and the principles of a developmental approach to sanitation improvement. This competence will provide the learner with essential, foundational knowledge that will enable the learner to function effectively on sanitation projects. This will contribute towards an improved understanding of sanitation and the implementation environment, sanitation-related diseases and the prerequisites for sustained sanitation improvement. In acquiring this competence the qualifying learner will lay a good foundation for future learning and action, and better understand the broader context of own work. Also show what the learners will be able to do over and above what they will know. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Mathematics and communication skills at NQF level 4 or equivalent. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Learners who meet the requirements of this Unit Standard should be able to apply the knowledge they have gained to their work, which will primarily be a coordination and junior management role, mainly at project level rather than programme level. In this context WSDP refers to a Water Services Development Plan and an IDP refers to an Integrated Development Plan. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Explain sanitation and why sanitation matters to people. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Sanitation is described as an integrated concept (infrastructure, social, environmental etc). 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Different contexts of sanitation improvement are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The impact and burden of poor sanitation are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Commonly held wrong assumptions are discussed (e.g. only water-borne sanitation is good). 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
Personal and local cultural considerations influencing sanitation practices are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
The particular water and sanitation needs of women, children, the disabled and the elderly are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Explain the national sanitation policy and the legislative framework. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The definition of sanitation in the context of relevant policy and legislation is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The links between water, sanitation, waste management, health, domestic hygiene practices and infrastructure is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The key principles and objectives of national sanitation policy and strategy are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The components of the national sanitation programme are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
The sanitation component of relevant legislation is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
The role players are identified and their roles and responsibilities are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
The relationships between role players are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
The purpose of a Water Services Development Plan (WSDP) and an Integrated Development Plan (IDP) are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Discuss the factors that influence the sustainability of sanitation interventions. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The principles of technological, social, environmental and financial sustainability are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The risks of failure (operational and financial) related to providing various levels of service are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The consequences of regarding on-site dry options as once-off interventions are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Management of pits; their capacity, use and de-sludging are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
The importance of household engagement in relation to the long-term sustainability of sanitation improvement initiatives is explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Describe a development-oriented approach to planning and implementing sanitation improvement. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Affordable, equitable and sustainable service provision is discussed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Demand-responsive and supply-driven approaches to sanitation improvement are contrasted and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The principles and trade-offs of Contractor versus community-based approaches to sanitation improvement are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Opportunities for job creation and local economic development in implementation are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
Roles and responsibilities of all stakeholders in sanitation programmes are explained. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the Qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual Unit Standards as well as the integrated competence described in the Qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Sanitation is understood as more than toilets. It is an integrated concept, which includes safe management of excreta, water, wastewater and household, refuse and the adoption of good health and hygiene practices that serve as barriers to the spread of pathogens.
  • Principles of integrated, equitable, development-oriented and sustainable sanitation improvement programmes, particularly the concepts of sanitation-related health promotion, appropriate technologies and affordability.
  • Broad knowledge of national sanitation policy, legislation and strategy, and definitions of sanitation.
  • Different sanitation technologies.
  • Policy and strategies relating to Water Services Development Plan (WSDP) and Integrated Development Plan (IDPs) and how these late to sanitation improvement programmes.
  • The importance of involving households in decision-making. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made.

    Assessment criteria:
  • The risks of failure (operational and financial) related to providing various levels of service are explained. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community.

    Assessment criteria:
  • None 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Plan, organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively.

    Assessment criteria:
  • None 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Specific outcome:
  • Discuss the factors that influence the sustainability of sanitation interventions.
  • Describe a development-oriented approach to planning and implementing sanitation improvement. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the form of oral and/or written presentation.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Integrated Assessment

    When conducting assessments, assessors must ensure that they are familiar with the full text of the Unit Standards being assessed. Assessors must ensure that the assessment covers the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge by developing assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the learners are working. These activities and tools may include self-assessment, peer assessment, formative and summative assessment. It may be more effective and efficient to assess a number of Unit Standards together in an integrated way, thus reducing the overall number of assessments and ensuring that commonalities that exist between a number of Unit Standards are captured in a way that makes sense for assessment. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48909   Further Education and Training Certificate: Sanitation Project Facilitation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Core  48908   National Certificate: Sanitation Project Co-ordination  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. DINALEDI MANAGEMENT AND SERVICES 
    2. IMPILONHLE TRADING & PROJECTS 8 
    3. INFRASTRUCTURE CONSULTING ENGINEERS CC 
    4. MMAKAU TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    5. PRAXIS TRAINING AND CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
    6. TAG TEC TRAINING 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.