SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Monitor dry on-site construction in order to recognise and report problems 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
115905  Monitor dry on-site construction in order to recognise and report problems 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Water Sector 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The qualifying learner achieving this unit standard in combination with context expertise standard(s) will be able to monitor the construction of two types of on-site dry sanitation technologies, namely Ventilated Improved Pit Toilets (VIPs) and Urine Diversion Systems (UDSs), and establish whether the construction work meets the required quality standards. Learners accessing this standard will be working in sanitation project teams. This will contribute towards effective sanitation project management and the delivery of proven generic, durable, robust, good quality, cost effective, technology options to people. Achieving this unit standard will enhance the efficiency of the qualifying learner and advance his / her own expertise and employability in water and other related sectors. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Literacy and communication skills NQF level 3 or equivalent. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Learners who meet the requirements of this unit standard should have sound knowledge of the construction of all elements of a Ventilated Improved Pit Toilet (VIP) and Urine Diversion System (UDS) and should be able to monitor the construction of these facilities to the extent that he or she would be able to identify problems and take appropriate action, including reporting to higher authority if necessary. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Monitor the construction of pits and soakaways for VIPs and UDSs. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Monitor the construction of pits and soakaways for Ventilated Improved Pit Toilets (VIPs) and Urine Diversion Systems (UDSs) toilets. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The siting, dimensions and shape of pits and influence of local conditions are monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Pit lining, stabilisation and drainage are monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Pits, including the construction of the pit collar are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The construction of soakaways where relevant (e.g. Urine Diversion Systems (UDS), institutional hand washing facilities) is monitored in accordance with specifications. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Monitor the construction of the cover slab. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The design and dimensions of a slab are monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The materials required for constructing a slab are monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The quality indicators when testing a slab are identified and used for monitoring. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The slab is checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Monitor the construction of a pedestal and toilet seat. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The size and height of the pedestal are monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The materials used in the construction of a pedestal are monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The specific requirements of a Urine Diversion Systems (UDS) pedestal are monitored. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The finish of a pedestal is monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
The pedestal and seat are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Monitor construction of the toilet top structure and ventilation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Floor is checked, problems are identified and appropriate action is taken. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The top structure is checked, problems are identified and appropriate action is taken. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The size and height of vent pipes are monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The position, depth and covering of vent pipes are monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
The functioning of the fly screen is monitored. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
Vent pipes and fly screens are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Monitor the construction of hand washing facilities. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The position of hand washing facilities is monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Wastewater management is monitored in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Hand washing facilities and drainage are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Monitor the operation and maintenance practices of users in the initial handover period. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Sustainable user practices are monitored to ensure that users understand requirements for sustainable toilet use. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Routine maintenance requirements are monitored in accordance with procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The use of bulking agents in a Urine Diversion Systems (UDS) toilet is monitored and any misuse is identified and explained to users. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Any problems with operation and maintenance are dealt with appropriately, including reporting to higher authority if necessary. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Wet, dry, on-site and off-site sanitation.
  • Dessicating and digester systems.
  • The variety of types of materials and designs for top structures (e.g. prefab, rectangular zinc structures, round ferro-cement, Archloo, etc.)
  • The construction methodology and components for a Ventilated Improved Pit Toilet (VIP) and Urine Diversion System (UDS).
  • Construction of a soakaway for a Urine Diversion System (UDS) and hand washing facilities.
  • The functioning of the pit for Ventilated Improved Pit Toilet (VIP) and Urine Diversion System (UDS) toilets.
  • Sealed pits, which are usually required in areas with high water tables, but which will fill rapidly and need regular emptying.
  • The value of using local knowledge, skills and resources when constructing a Ventilated Improved Pit Toilet (VIP) and Urine Diversion System (UDS).
  • Opportunities for involving local residents and suppliers in toilet construction.
  • Siting and orientation of toilets in relation to people's houses.
  • Siting, design and construction of toilets in relation to groundwater and other water sources or bodies.
  • Different design options for slabs, noting the importance of providing access to pits for de-sludging where appropriate
  • Ways to reinforce the slab and the importance of doing this.
  • The importance of smooth sides and smooth finish on the pedestal.
  • The important quality indicators for a pedestal and seat.
  • Principles of ventilation and the importance of screening the top of the vent pipe with a fly screen.
  • Problems associated with vent pipe cowls.
  • The relevance of light in a Ventilated Improved Pit Toilet (VIP) toilet.
  • Hand washing facilities and different design options.
  • Design factors that promote toilet hygiene.
  • Technical assessment criteria in toilet construction.
  • Toilet upgrading and conversion options, including constraints and opportunities for upgrading or converting toilets.
  • Relevant sections of the Occupational Health and Safety Act.
  • Desludging, disposal and composting of excreta.
  • Design options to permit access for the disabled.
  • Urinal for males.
  • Soakaways.
  • The positioning of the components of a pit latrine for larger people so that there is sufficient space. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Pits, including the construction of the pit collar are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary.
  • The slab is checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary.
  • The pedestal and seat are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective.
  • Vent pipes and fly screens are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary.
  • Hand washing facilities and drainage are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary.
  • Any problems with operation and maintenance are dealt with appropriately, including reporting to higher authority if necessary. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Plan, organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Assessment criteria:
  • Pits, including the construction of the pit collar are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary.
  • The slab is checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary.
  • The pedestal and seat are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective.
  • Vent pipes and fly screens are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary.
  • Hand washing facilities and drainage are checked, problems are identified and appropriate corrective action is taken, including reporting to higher authority if necessary.
  • Any problems with operation and maintenance are dealt with appropriately, including reporting to higher authority if necessary. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the form of oral and/or written presentation.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Assessment criteria:
  • All 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Assessment Option

    Learners could be assessed using the following methods:
  • Oral or written questions
  • Observation 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48909   Further Education and Training Certificate: Sanitation Project Facilitation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Core  48908   National Certificate: Sanitation Project Co-ordination  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Elective  61669   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Facilitation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ALL CONNECTIONS TRAINING AND CONSTRUCTION (PTY) LTD 
    2. ALSTOM JOHN THOMPSON (PTY) LTD CAPE TOWN 
    3. AMBROSER SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    4. ARBINET TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT 
    5. AZIFANI PROJECTS AND TRANSPORT (PTY) LTD 
    6. DINALEDI MANAGEMENT AND SERVICES 
    7. EARTH CHILD CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    8. EECTRICAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION - ECA 
    9. ESKOM DISTRIBUTION NORTH WESTERN REGION, BLOEMFONTEIN 
    10. HWM CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
    11. IMPILONHLE TRADING & PROJECTS 8 
    12. INFRASTRUCTURE CONSULTING ENGINEERS CC 
    13. INGEN ENGINEERING PROJECTS 
    14. JOSMAP TRAINING INSTIUTE 
    15. KAREUBO MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 
    16. Learn A Trade 
    17. MACT BUSINESS HUB 
    18. MILNEX - BRAKPAN 
    19. MMAKAU TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    20. MUNICIPAL TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE 
    21. NEW HOPE REVIVAL ORGANISATION 
    22. NKANYEZI FOUNDATION 
    23. PHATHUTSHEDZO CONNSULTING TRAINING PROVIDER 
    24. PRAXIS TRAINING AND CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
    25. TAG TEC TRAINING 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.