SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Recognise defensive behavior in animals 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116190  Recognise defensive behavior in animals 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner achieving this unit standard will be able to identify symptoms of defensive behaviour in animals and describe protocol and equipment as instructed within an animal production environment implementing sustainable and economically viable production principles.

In addition they will be well positioned to extend their learning and practice into other areas of animal husbandry and management to the benefit of the industry.

They will be capacitated to gain access to the mainstream agricultural sector, in animal production, impacting directly on the sustainability of the sub-sector. The involvement in production will also have a direct impact on the improvement of agricultural productivity of the sector.

(Note that defensive behaviour by animals is normally interpreted as hostile, offensive and aggressive by man. For the purpose of these unit standards, the word defensive will be used throughout to describe behaviour that could be harmful to other animals and humans). 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
No learning is assumed to be in place. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Whilst range statements have been defined generically to include as wide a set of alternatives as possible, all range statements should be interpreted within the specific context of application.

Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Understand and describe behaviour of specific animals. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Animals include but are not limited to mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, fish, crustaceans, and molluscs as relevant to the context of operation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The specific animal under review with special attention to behaviour during various stages of its lifecycle is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The animal's anatomical features that are involved in its behaviour are described. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Such anatomical features include but are not limited to the animal's horns, stings, fangs or teeth, pinchers, shells, hooves.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The way in which the animal makes use of the specific anatomical features as a defensive mechanism is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The way in which animals are stimulated to defend themselves is described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Identify symptoms of defensive behaviour. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Animals include but are not limited to mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, fish, crustaceans, and molluscs as relevant to the context of operation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The individual is able to identify and illustrate the symptoms of defensive behaviour. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Defensive behaviour includes but is not limited to butting, biting, stinging, kicking, charging, feinting, hissing, closing, clamping, pinching.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The causes of defensive behaviour are identified, illustrated and listed accordingly. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Various forms and levels of intensity of defensive behaviour are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The parameters related to the various levels of intensity are identified and described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Describe management protocol for relevant animals to minimise defensive behaviour. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Animals include but are not limited to mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, fish, crustaceans, and molluscs as relevant to the context of operation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
How to reduce the risk of defensive behaviour from manifesting itself is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The possible causes for defensive behaviour and relevant procedures how to reduce these are described and listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Animal handling procedures under supervision with specific reference to those preventing animal defensiveness are demonstrated. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
List relevant equipment required to manage relevant animals. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Animals include but are not limited to mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, fish, crustaceans, and molluscs, as relevant to the context of operation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Relevant equipment required to manage specific animals to avoid potentially defensive behaviour or to manage defensiveness in animals is listed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Equipment include but are not limited to stunners, smokers, coverings, rope, fences and gates, pressure passages and clamps, nets and sails and protective clothing such as veils, gloves, boots, hats, overalls and harnesses, goggles.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The components of all relevant animal management protective equipment are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The use of relevant animal management protective equipment under supervision is described and demonstrated. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes; critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then they should not be assessed as competent.

Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • Basic comprehension of the specific symptoms of defensive behaviour.
  • The causes of defensive behaviour.
  • The equipment required handling defensive behaviour.
  • Sensory observation of defensive behaviour.
  • Observation of animal behaviour over time.
  • Evaluation of the potential risks involved when working with the relevant animals.
  • Behaviour classification.
  • The purpose of learning about defensive behaviour.
  • The purpose of learning about animal defensiveness. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem Solving: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork: Relates to outcome:
  • Describe management protocol for relevant animals to minimise defensive behaviour. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-Organisation and Management: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Interpretation of information: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Science and technology: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The world as a set: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Personal Development: Relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48970   National Certificate: Animal Production  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Agricultural Research Council 
    2. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    3. Bumunhu Services Providers Cc 
    4. Cedara College of Agriculture 
    5. Dihwai Food Cultural and Agricultural Services 
    6. ELSENBURG AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE 
    7. Escay Catering and other Services 
    8. FARISANANI MANAGEMENT SERVICES 
    9. Ghoenas Kraal Opleiding Sentrum 
    10. Heedmorine Training 
    11. Hungweni Trading Cc 
    12. Impact Plus Training Consultants 
    13. Kgopane Trading Enterprise 
    14. Kimbali Holdings 
    15. KMK Training Services (PTY) Ltd 
    16. Knowledge For Ever 
    17. Leruo ke Matla Training and Enterprise Development Services 
    18. Madzivhandila Agricultural College 
    19. Maishamalema Development Training 
    20. Maluti FET College - Central Office 
    21. Mananthatshema Skills Dev. Centre 
    22. Mathapuso Construction and Projects 
    23. Matotomana Training & General Trading 
    24. Medu Skills Consultants 
    25. Mobile Agri Skills Development and Training NPC 
    26. Mogaladi Business Enterprise 
    27. Morwa Agri-development cc 
    28. Mpontshe Training 
    29. Mvelo Consultant 
    30. NEW HEIGHTS 1082 PTY LTD 
    31. Nophelo Training Centre 
    32. Novi General Services 
    33. Phill Skills and Development Institute 
    34. Retsogile Education and Training 
    35. SBJ Shadikamang Agriculture 
    36. Scientific Roets (Pty) Ltd 
    37. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    38. Selipha Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    39. Setlakala Business Development 
    40. Seza Bantu Rural Agricultural Projects 
    41. Siyafundisa I Africa 
    42. Siyasanga Training Centre 
    43. Suidwes Beleggings Eiendoms Beperk 
    44. The Skills Development Hub (Pty) Ltd 
    45. Thuto Boshwa Skills Development Services 
    46. Thutopele Skills Institute 
    47. Tlatlana Events Solution and Communication 
    48. Tripple R Training Provider 
    49. Tshenkeng's Consulting 
    50. Uluntu Skills Development Centre 
    51. Unang Business Enterprise 
    52. Vari Holdings (Pty)Ltd 
    53. Voyano Project Management 
    54. Westco Agri Training 
    55. Zelpy 1382 (edms) Bpk 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.