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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify, handle and sample refrigeration oils for analysis, and demonstrate how oil can indicate the general condition of a refrigeration system 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116702  Identify, handle and sample refrigeration oils for analysis, and demonstrate how oil can indicate the general condition of a refrigeration system 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Air-conditioning Refrigeration and Ventilation 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
9535  Identify, handle and sample refrigeration oils for analysis, and demonstrate how oil can indicate the general condition of a refrigeration system  Level 3  NQF Level 03   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Explain and demonstrate the precautions to be taken when handling refrigeration oils and explain and demonstrate how the condition of the oil can be used to indicate the condition of a refrigeration system. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • It is assumed that people starting to learn towards this unit standard are already able to communicate effectively with others.
  • Use of tools.
  • Explain the operation of the vapour compression refrigeration cycle and identify and explain the operation of the components and the associated controls and safety devices.
  • Determine operating parameters of a refrigeration system. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Types of oil:
  • Synthetic and non-synthetic refrigeration oils
  • Mineral oil, Polyol Ester oil, PAG oil and Alkylbenzene oil 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify refrigeration oils. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The different types of refrigeration oil are listed and their applications stated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Containers of different oils are correctly identified 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The importance of using the correct oil, as specified, is stated and explained 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The consequences of using incorrect oil are listed and explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    List and explain the precautions to take when handling and storing new refrigeration oil to prevent it from becoming contaminated and unusable. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The precautions to be taken when handling and storing new refrigerants are listed and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Explanations about how opened containers are protected from contamination are in agreement with manufacturers' standards and industry norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The consequences of incorrect handling of refrigerant oils are listed and explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate the handling and storing of refrigeration oil to prevent it from becoming contaminated and unusable. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The precautions to be taken when handling and storing refrigeration oil to prevent contamination are listed and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The methods to prevent refrigeration oil from becoming contaminated and unusable are demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The methods used are in agreement with compressor and oil manufacturers' recommendations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Assess and report on the general condition of the refrigeration system from observing the oil in the compressor sump sight glass. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation about the lack of or the presence of foam as an indication of the condition of the system, is correct and in accordance with industry norms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation about the level observed in the sight glass is correct as being acceptable or not acceptable for the operating conditions/capacity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation about the colour of the oil observed as being satisfactory or not is correct, and is in accordance with oil and compressor manufacturers' standards. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate how to obtain an oil sample for analysis. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The method of obtaining the oil sample is in line with the requirements of the testing laboratory and good refrigeration practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The methods to avoid external contamination of the sample are listed and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The objectives of oil sampling are listed and discussed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The care to the taking of the sample is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The consequences of contamination of the sample are listed and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    No undue amount of refrigerant is released into the atmosphere. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any person wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, who may appoint a moderator to be present at the assessment.
  • The assessor must have knowledge and experience of refrigeration. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • The types of refrigeration oils available.
  • The consequences of mixing oils.
  • The consequences of wrong or contaminated oil being used.
  • The meaning, in terms of general system condition, of foam in an oil sight glass and of oil darker than new oil. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Selecting the correct sampling materials
  • Determine the position where to take samples 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities
  • Prepare, plan and select tools and equipment 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information
  • Reading and interpreting instructions 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically
  • Appropriate use of tools and instruments 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems
  • Be aware of the effect of oil contamination on plant performance 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard is replacing unit standard 9535 - 'Identify, handle and sample refrigeration oils for analysis, and demonstrate how oil can indicate the general condition of a refrigeration system' - Level 3.

    Supplementary information:
    Questions must be answered and demonstrations performed within a reasonable time. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48963   National Certificate: Air-Conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-03-12  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  65489   National Certificate: Air-Conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. IFIHLILE TRAINING ACADEMY GAUTENG (PTY) LTD (Halfway House)(TP) 
    2. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    3. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    4. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    5. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    6. Winters Business Enterprise T/A Winters Tradesman Technical Tuition (PRETORIA) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.