SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Design Visual and Instrument Flight Procedures 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120148  Design Visual and Instrument Flight Procedures 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Air Defence 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  18 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who are required to apply the correct criteria in constructing safe flight procedures for aviation personnel in visual and instrument flying conditions.

People credited with this unit standard are able to construct safe flight procedures for the following:
  • Design departure procedures.
  • Design instrument approach procedures.
  • Design holding procedures.
  • Design helicopter instrument approach procedures.
  • Design en-route obstacle clearance area procedures. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Knowledge about visual flying procedures.
  • Knowledge about instrument flying procedures.
  • Computer Skills Level 3.
  • Mathematics at NQF level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The terms "aircraft" and "aeroplane" are used as synonyms where appropriate.

    This unit standard should be assessed in visual and instrument flying conditions. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Design departure procedures. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Departure procedures refer to standard instrument departures (SID), non-standard departures and visual flight rules departures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The departure procedure parameters are determined and set in accordance with standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Parameters include establishment of a departure procedure, beginning of the departure procedure, minimum obstacle clearance, end of the departure procedure, average flight path, charting the accuracy.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Straight and turning departure routes are constructed in accordance with standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Omni-directional departure routes are constructed in accordance with applicable areas, obstacle identification surfaces and altitude adjustment for turns. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Simultaneous departure routes are constructed in accordance with standard operating procedures and safety requirements for operations on parallel runways. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Area navigation departure routes are constructed in accordance with standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Design instrument approach procedures. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Approach procedures will be applied to various types of instrument and visual approaches which include, but are not limited to: instrument landing systems category I-III, localizer only, radar, very high frequency omni-directional radio range with and without final approach fix (FAF), non-directional beacon with and without FAF, Direction Finding Facility, Microwave landing system, area navigation, Barometric Vertical Navigation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The means of fixing terminal areas is explained in terms of the different uses of the fixes and tolerances. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Approach procedures are constructed in accordance with standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Approach procedures include initial approach segment, intermediate approach segment, final approach segment and missed approach segment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Safety requirements are identified and explained in terms of altitude, tracks and timing of procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The visual manoeuvring area is defined in terms of alignment, obstacle clearances and missed approaches. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Minimum sector altitude is described in terms of buffer areas, sector orientation and sectors centred on various facilities. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Design holding procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Entry procedures for a holding pattern are constructed in accordance with standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Holding areas are constructed in accordance with standard operating procedures and safety requirements for terminal and enroute procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Terminal and enroute procedures and will include but is not limited to very high frequency omni-directional radio range/distance measuring equipment and area navigation procedures.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Potential problems are identified and explained in terms of their causes and possible corrective action. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Design helicopter instrument approach procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Helicopter unique operations and capabilities are identified and explained in terms of the requirements for approach procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The existing design profiles for fixed wing aircraft are amended in accordance with helicopter specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Potential problems are identified and explained in terms of their causes and possible corrective action. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Design en-route obstacle clearance area procedures. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Procedures will include but are not limited to very high frequency omni-directional radio range, non-directional beacon and area navigation procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Obstacle clearance areas are identified and demarcated in accordance with given criteria and instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The obstacle clearance area is charted in accordance with accepted navigation procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Obstacle clearance areas are constructed in accordance with standard operating procedures and safety requirements for terminal and enroute procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Learners are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the learner's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:
  • Constructing procedures.
  • Flight paths and patterns.
  • Requirements of fixed wing aircraft and helicopters.
  • An understanding of potential problems and solutions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and or language skills in the modes of oral and or written presentations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and safety of other aircrew and persons. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Terms used in this unit standard are generic to the military and aviation industries.

    Notes to assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Abbreviations:

    VFP: Visual Flying Procedures
    IFP: Instrument Flying Procedures
    VFR: Visual Flight Rules
    SID: Standard Instrument Departures
    FAF: Final Approach Fix
    DME: Distance Measuring Equipment 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49950   National Certificate: Navigation  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  60549   National Diploma: Aeronautical Information Management Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Elective  58008   National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.