SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of design 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120226  Demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of design 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who are entering the field of general draughting require the skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard. This includes having a functional knowledge of design.

Qualifying learners are able to:
  • Understand the effects of design
  • Apply anthropology to design

    Range: Ergonomics
  • Understand the basic principles of design
  • Range: design for the structure of object, design for function and appearance
  • Interpret design elements 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in:
  • Communication, Mathematical Literacy and Computer Literacy at NQF Level 2 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The ranges, as indicated under the specific outcomes, determine the scope and level of this unit standard. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Understand the effects of design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Primary and Secondary consequences of design are identified and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Cost of designing is identified and understood. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Personal, Social and Environmental Costs.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Understand the application of anthropology to design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Concept of comfort and safety is described in design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The different types of measuring are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The movement of the human form is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The designed work surfaces are identified. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Chairs and Tables.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Understand the basic principles of design. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Structure, function and appearance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tensile, compressive and sheerforces are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The rigidity in flat sheets and boxing is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Primary and secondary functions are identified and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Arrangement with rhythm, symmetry, proportion and repetition is identified and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Bubble and utility diagrams are identified and described. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Interpret the design process documentation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Methods of presenting information and operations are understood. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The importance of report writing procedures is described. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the Unit Standard.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Applicable draughting procedures
  • Design for structure, function and appearance
  • Effects of design
  • Applying ergonomics to the work area
  • Causes and effects of actions on product, productivity and quality
  • Defects and their effect on the product and customer relations
  • Drawing layout
  • Problem solving
  • Taking corrective action
  • Applicable health, safety and environmental legislation, policies and procedures
  • Applicable company policies and procedures
  • All round understanding of the code of practice (SABS 0411/ SABS 111)
  • SABS 044 (ref 7)
  • SABS 0111
  • Ergonomics
  • Quality of product versus productivity
  • Effects of process on final product 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others
  • Work as part of a team discussing, evaluating, questioning and solving problems and statements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities
  • Plan and exercise time planning to perform the task of drawing a component to specifications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information
  • Use the information to plan a drawing process to optimise time spent on drawing. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
  • Demonstrate an understanding that a drawing is a communication tool to communicate an important technical data to the end users. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems
  • Demonstrate the ability to see the relationship between computer aided drawing and the actual design of objects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50022   National Certificate: General Draughting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.