SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of the process of design 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120228  Demonstrate an understanding of the process of design 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard are required by people in the field of General Draughting and Design.

This unit standard is for learners entering the field of engineering draughting. Qualifying learners must be able to work as part of a design team and control documentation of a project under the supervision of the team leader. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    This unit standard focuses on the design cycle from conceptualization to final production. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify the responsibilities and functions of design team members. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Team members responsible for specific tasks are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Flow Charts are used to identify the responsibilities of the design team members. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Functions of the design team members are outlined. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Understand and use design tools. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A spreadsheet application is used to work out percentages and quantities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Information is accessed through an information network service. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of finding new ideas in a work group are documented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    New ideas are tested for relevance and usage. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Apply the levels of graphic communication. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Notes and flow charts are used to describe the appropriate level of graphical communication. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Creative, Technical, Market and Construction communication.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The progress of a design project is recorded on an appropriate template. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The stages of development of the design project are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The designers responsible for the different stages of design are identified. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Apply the design cycle. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The brief, research, specifications, ideas, mock-ups and models, final design, realization, test and evaluate (loop backs). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A flow chart is created to demonstrate the design cycle. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Components of the design cycles are identified and discussed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Notes and flow charts are used to describe the design challenge. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Process the design projects. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Notes are used to identify and describe the reports. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Technical, market contract and progress reports.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A report is drafted based on information given. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The reports are interpreted. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The records are maintained throughout the design process. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Work safely with due care for self, fellow workers, and equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety, health, environmental and quality procedures are applied at all times. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Appropriate safety equipment is utilized. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the Unit Standard.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • The design team to produce engineering drawings
  • Design team synergy
  • Common occurring problems in engineering drawings
  • Design team activities
  • Factors to take into account when determining project requirements
  • Principles of drawing and design
  • Equipment selection
  • Material types and applications (for component produced)
  • Team discussions
  • Performing preparations for drawings
  • Work instructions
  • Importance of proper team discussions process
  • Importance of correct application of design principles
  • Importance of selecting the appropriate equipment to produce engineering drawings
  • Importance of the drawn component meeting client specifications
  • Importance of adhering to time frames.
  • Recording and reporting procedures
  • Appropriate quality standards and specifications
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards
  • Applicable drawing theory covering the producing of drawings, material properties and the principles of design
  • Relationship between the drawing office and the client 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem solving:
  • Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made.

    Note:
  • Use the team members to recognise and solve problems through a collective process of critical thinking activities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork:
  • Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization or community.

    Note:
  • Work with design team to promote synergy in the drawing office. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self organization and management:
  • Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note:
  • Exercise good self-discipline to function within the team. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information evaluation:
  • Collect, analyze, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note:
  • Collect sensory and numeric information from the process.
  • Classify the information and identify deviations from the norm. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
  • Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation.

    Note:
  • Communicate with other team members to assist with problem solving and attributes to the design process.
  • Record outputs, incidents, measurements.
  • Respond to questions or requests for more details. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Science and Technology:
  • Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Note:
  • Make use of computer spreadsheets and e-mail to communicate with all relevant parties.
  • Use drawing theory, design principals, mathematical and scientific concepts for producing a drawing to standards. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Inter-relatedness of systems:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note:
  • Indicate the design process as an inter-related component of the total design picture. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50022   National Certificate: General Draughting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  80306   Further Education and Training Certificate: Electronics  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.