SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Operate a rigid heavy vehicle 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
123253  Operate a rigid heavy vehicle 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Transport and Logistics Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  15 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
10953  Operate a rigid vehicle  Level 4  NQF Level 04  32  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The purpose of learning is to ensure safe, professional operation of rigid (no articluation points) heavy vehicles with a gross vehicle mass exceeding 3.5 tons. Credited learners can drive a specific type of rigid heavy vehicle in accordance with legal, safety, manufacturer and other relevant requirements and reflect on the manner in which the vehicle is operated. Competent drivers are able to preserve vehicles as assets, drive safely and defensively, and contribute significantly to the economy by transporting goods and/or passengers.

Credited learners are capable of:
  • Preparing a rigid heavy vehicle for road transport trips according to specification.
  • Driving a rigid heavy vehicle in accordance with specified requirements.
  • Ensuring the maintenance of road transport service quality.
  • Handling unexpected situations according to specified procedures.
  • Reflecting on rigid heavy vehicle performance and own operation of vehicle against requirements.
  • Parking rigid heavy vehicle in accordance with specified requirements. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners have already attained NQF Level 2 Mathematical Literacy and Communication and Communication competence. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope of this unit standard is as follows:
  • Rigid vehicle refers to a motorised fixed chassis vehicle over 3,5 tons gross vehicle mass.
  • Competence on the driving outcome for vehicles over 3,5 tons gross vehicle mass, should be assessed on:
    > At least one of the following gearbox types:
    > Synchro-mesh.
    > Non-synchro mesh.
    > Automatic.

    > At least 1 of the following retardation systems (refers to a braking system fitted on a vehicle, in addition to brake systems, as required by law).
    > Engine brakes.
    > Drive line retarders (electro-magnetic and Hydraulic).
    > Exhaust brakes.

    > Service brake system.
  • Competence should be proven on a loaded vehicle. Loaded implies a vehicle loaded with goods and/or passengers to at least 25 percent of its rated capacity.
  • The learner's portfolio should prove that the learner has accumulated at least 100 logged hours of driving which includes the following compulsory conditions:
    > Night driving - at least 5 hours.
    > Driving in wet weather conditions - at least 5 logged hours.
    > Freeway driving - at least 20 logged hours.
    > Driving in low and high density traffic - at least 20 logged hours.
  • The relevant driving license will have to be obtained, before the learner can be credited against this unit standard. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Prepare a rigid heavy vehicle for road transport trips according to specification. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Vital rigid heavy vehicle components are inspected in a systematic way in order to comply with the relevant legislation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Relevant legislation currently includes the Road Traffic Act of 1993.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Rigid heavy vehicle inspection is recorded legibly and in accordance with operational requirements/specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    All rigid heavy vehicle defects are identified and reported accurately, comprehensively and timeously, so that the necessary actions to rectify defects are initiated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    All prescribed and or other relevant preliminaries are executed as per organisational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Preliminaries can include brake tests and start up procedures.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Drive a heavy rigid vehicle in accordance with specified requirements. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Specified requirements include legal, manufacturer, and defensive driving requirements; current legal requirements include K53. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Rigid heavy vehicle is driven and manoeuvred in accordance with the specified standard Range: K53. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Rigid heavy vehicle is operated and manoeuvred in accordance with manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Rigid heavy vehicle is driven and manoeuvred in accordance with legal provisions (The Road Traffic Act of 1993). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Rigid heavy vehicle is driven to actively prevent accidents, injury to people or damage to property/vehicle, despite the incorrect actions of others or adverse conditions, by driving safely and in a defensive manner. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Ensure the maintenance of road transport service quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Time schedules are considered, implications for freight/passengers are established, and appropriate action is taken to ensure the maintenance of freight quality/passenger safety and comfort. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The impact of load positioning on the stability of the rigid heavy vehicle is accurately described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Driving style is adapted in order to maintain freight quality/passenger safety and comfort during transportation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Organisational standards are adhered to with full consideration of safety and comfort factors and actions implemented to rectify problems are appropriate for specific contexts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Safety factors can include stopping only at scheduled locations, passenger door only opened and closed when completely stationary, load (e.g., number of passengers, freight mass, loading of coach and trailer, etc.) restricted to design and legal limit of vehicle, luggage and emergency doors fully secured, attachment of luggage trailer confirmed; Comfort factors include acceleration and deceleration forces applied gradually; cornering speeds maintained within comfort levels; moving off only when passengers are seated or standing securely.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Handle unexpected situations according to specified procedures. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Unexpected situations can include, but are not limited to incidents, accidents, breakdowns, fire on vehicle, medical emergency, hi-jacking, mechanical failure (e.g. burst tyre), spillage/load loss, etc. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Rigid heavy vehicle and cab instruments are monitored for malfunctions and appropriate action is taken, where required. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Driving is adapted to unexpected situations safely and according to specified procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Unexpected situations are reported according to operational procedures and legal requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Description of corrective actions to get freight/passengers to their destinations in the event of route deviations, delays experienced and breakdowns, as well as the company guidelines for consideration in selecting course of action are appropriate for specific contexts. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Park rigid heavy vehicle in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Rigid heavy vehicle is parked within designated or reserved areas in accordance with manufacturer specifications, traffic regulations and operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Rigid heavy vehicle is shut down in accordance with manufacturer specifications, traffic regulations and operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Rigid heavy vehicle is secured in accordance with manufacturer specifications, traffic regulations and operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Security and convenience factors are taken into account. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors include proximity to main pedestrian entrances, access to luggage compartments and ease of conveyance and loading, security of parked and unattended vehicle, etc.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Assessment of learner achievements takes place at providers accredited by the relevant ETQA (RSA, 1998b) for the provision of programs that result in the outcomes specified for this unit standard.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • The relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures will oversee moderation of assessment and is responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Rigid heavy vehicle components location, characteristics and functionality. Range: Relevant vehicle components include the electrical system, cooling system, lubrication system, fuel, clutch, gearbox, differential lock, brake system, tyres, retardation devices, and cab instruments and warning devices.
  • Road Traffic Act 1993 pertaining to the operating of a rigid heavy vehicle.
  • The effect that weather, road and traffic conditions have on a rigid heavy vehicle's performance, as well as driver actions.
  • Procedures for and reporting of emergencies.
  • Application of fire extinguisher fitted on vehicle.
  • Operational rationale for vehicle inspections.
  • Defect reporting procedure.
  • Measures to minimize risk of hi-jacking.
  • Measures to maximise cost-effectiveness and efficient operation of a rigid heavy vehicle.
  • Effects of psychological responses and physiological condition, and medical substances on driving performance.
  • Impact of loads on rigid heavy vehicle stability.
  • How to adjust driving style in order to maintain freight quality/passenger safety.
  • Indicators of passenger distress caused by unacceptable driving or amenity deficiencies and actions to be implemented to rectify this. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems where responses to problems show that such critical and creative thinking has been used to make responsible decisions so that environmental risks and mechanical problems are foreseen and timeously resolved, or when an emergency situation arises. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community to ensure the maintenance of road transport service quality. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively to meet deadlines. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information when monitoring vehicle and cab instruments for malfunction. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematic and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation so that problems are reported. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others to drive a vehicle in accordance with specified requirements. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation by taking conditions and other road users into account, when driving. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 10953, "Operate a rigid vehicle", Level 4, 32 credits.

    Notes to assessors

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the unit standard title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember that the person must be declared competent in terms of the overall unit standard outcome. Where assessment at unit standard title level is unmanageable, focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the learner is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the learner can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    The following assessment methods must be regarded as minimum requirements for the assessment of learner competence:
  • Questioning.
  • Practical Driving Test.
  • Portfolio of evidence of past driving experience as per Range Statement.

    Credit Certification must stipulate the following aspects regarding learner assessment:
  • License Code.
  • Vehicle make, type and configuration, used in assessment.
  • Gearbox type used in assessment.
  • Retardation system used in assessment.

    If the Learner is assessed on any additional aspects, as mentioned above, these may be added to the certificate. However, no additional credits will be awarded. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49081   National Certificate: Construction: Advanced Plant Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  50285   National Certificate: Professional Driving  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  36153   National Certificate: Polymer Composite Fabrication  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  58394   National Certificate: Film and Television Production  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AAH Skills and Development 
    2. ACT SKILLS DEVELOPMENT 
    3. Africa Skills Training Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    4. Africa Training Centre 
    5. Afro Fleet (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Agisanang SA Training 
    7. Akhule Development Institute CC 
    8. Algoa Bus Company 
    9. All-in-one Driving Academy 
    10. Andebe Training and Skills Development 
    11. Andzanie Trading Enterprise Pty Ltd 
    12. Asiphepheni Training Services 
    13. Bakubung Driver Training and consultants CC 
    14. Barloworld Transport Solutions 
    15. Bee-Safe Programme Development and Training (Pty) Ltd 
    16. Best Hope Academy & Consultancy 
    17. Best Ideas Training Academy 
    18. Big Fish School of Digital Filmmaking (Pty) Ltd 
    19. BJS FORKLIFTS TRAINING 
    20. Bolton Business College & Computer Studies 
    21. BP SOUTHERN AFRICA (PTY) LIMITED 
    22. Brilliant Skills Development & Training Solutions 
    23. Buhle-betfu Carriers pty Ltd 
    24. Bumbene Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    25. Buscor 
    26. Capital Driving School 
    27. Cathy Hill Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Centre for Logistics Excellence Pty Ltd 
    29. CHAMDOR DRIVER TRAINING CC 
    30. Circleway College 
    31. Climamark (PTY) Ltd 
    32. CODETA Learning Academy 
    33. Coega Development Corporation 
    34. Commercial professional driver academy PTY Ltd 
    35. Commercial Transport Academy CTA Pty Ltd 
    36. Dee's Training (PTY) LTD 
    37. Dee-Bravo Training Centre 
    38. Dees Driver Training Centre 
    39. DIONYSUS SKILLS DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE PTY LTD 
    40. Diversity technology Training Institute 
    41. DJ Bosman Transport Pty Ltd 
    42. Dreyer & Dreyer Risk Solutions 
    43. Drive for Africa Training and Evaluation 
    44. Drive Smart Training Academy 
    45. Driving Sense 
    46. Dunatara Training 
    47. Durban Driver Training Centre Pty Ltd 
    48. DV Training Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    49. Dynalift cc 
    50. Dynamic Institute of Training S.A 
    51. EDU - FLEET 
    52. Edu Wize Group Pty Ltd 
    53. Ellohim Trading and Projects 
    54. ESS Holdings (PTY) Ltd 
    55. Evaflex 
    56. Excellect 209 PTY LTD 
    57. Exclusive Training Services 
    58. Exodec 388 CC 
    59. Fantique Trade 1092 
    60. FILM Mentorship & Training 
    61. Footprint Media academy Pty ltd 
    62. Fost Training Pty (Ltd) 
    63. Gerotek Test Facilities 
    64. Global Safety Training & Skills Dev Standards 
    65. Golden Arrow Bus Services_pty Ltd 
    66. GREENRIM TRAINING PTY LTD 
    67. Hazchemwize PTY Ltd 
    68. He and She Driver Training Centre 
    69. Humrec Human Resource Training 
    70. Ikaheng HR Solutions Pty Ltd 
    71. Ikusasa Lethu Projects and Training (Pty) Ltd 
    72. Imbo driving school 
    73. Immenent HR Solutions CC 
    74. Impact Skills Development (Pty) Ltd 
    75. Imperial Logistics Group t/a Dedicated Contracts 
    76. Impilo 4x4Driver Training cc 
    77. Inkqubela Consultants 
    78. Innovative Shared Services 
    79. Interactive Driving Academy 
    80. Intercape Mainliner 
    81. Interstate Bus Lines 
    82. Isipho Sempilo Trading 42 
    83. Itakane Trading 325 Pty Ltd 
    84. Iyanda Holdings(Pty) Ltd 
    85. Josmap Training Institute 
    86. Julifa Trading Enterprise cc 
    87. Kahisano Skills Development and Training 
    88. Kajal and Associates 
    89. KDS Centre for Skills Development and Training Pty Ltd 
    90. Kempston Driving Academy 
    91. Khabanyane Training and development 
    92. Khulani HR Consultancy (Pty) Ltd 
    93. Kitta Transport Training Academy 
    94. KKH Operator Training and Projects Pty Ltd 
    95. Kriel Training (PTY) LTD 
    96. KZN Taxi and Commuter Corporation NPC 
    97. Learncore 
    98. Learncorp 
    99. Learning Exchange Pty Ltd 
    100. LEFA Training and Projects 
    101. Lerumo La Sechaba Trading Enterprise 32 cc 
    102. Licence Wise 
    103. Little Treehouse Holdings (PTY) Ltd 
    104. Logistics Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    105. Lotlamoreng Training Academy 
    106. Lowveld Emergency Medical Training 
    107. LTM Training and Remote Learning Solutions 
    108. Lwaze Lwanda General Traders CC 
    109. M AND C ACADEMY AND CONSULTANCY PTY LTD 
    110. Madibeng Edu Centre and Suppliers Pty Ltd 
    111. Madidi Supply Chain Institute and Business Institute 
    112. Magas Training and Development (Pty) Ltd 
    113. Makwedeng Training 
    114. Maliwa Investment (Pty)Ltd 
    115. Masakhane Further Education and Training 
    116. Merrod Trading 122 Pty Ltd 
    117. Moripe Business and Training Consultants 
    118. Mpumes Skills And Knowledge Academy Pty Ltd 
    119. Mtimande & Associates 
    120. Mziphela Training and Projects Pty. Ltd 
    121. Namaste Drive 
    122. Ndwamato Training Solutions PTY LTD 
    123. Netcobrite (Pty) Ltd 
    124. Nghunyule Investments 
    125. NOSA LOGISTICS PTY LTD 
    126. Nowethu Learning Institute cc 
    127. Nozinga Training Academy 
    128. NS Traders 
    129. Ntalo Training & Consulting Services 
    130. Ntsoaki Driving School 
    131. Onelogix 
    132. Orion Industrial Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
    133. Phephani Learnerships cc 
    134. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    135. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    136. Plastics Federation of South Africa (WESTMEAD) (TP) 
    137. Precision skills development and training 
    138. Primeserv Corporate Solutions Pty Ltd 
    139. Pro - Con Skills Centre 
    140. Pro Driver Training (Pty) Ltd 
    141. PRO Skills Development Pty Ltd 
    142. Pro-Driver Trucking Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    143. PUTCO Pty Ltd 
    144. QMS Training 
    145. Quantum Leap College Pty Ltd 
    146. Rasehlo Transport and Tourism 
    147. Royal Impression Academy 
    148. Safe and Eco Driving Pty Ltd 
    149. Safety Skills Development Training 
    150. SC Training and Consulting 
    151. Sediba Sabasadi Skills Training Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    152. Seng''khona Trading Enterprise 129 cc 
    153. Seshego Risk Management Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    154. SHEPROSA PTY LTD 
    155. Sisabenza Operator Training (PTY) LTD 
    156. Siyashayela Training and Development 
    157. SN Pool Transport 
    158. Solly''''s SkillsTraining Centre 
    159. Sophia''s Excellence Driving Academy 
    160. South African Film Institute 
    161. South African Transport Centre of Excellence 
    162. SPINA Consultancy cc Cape Town 
    163. Strat Training pty ltd 
    164. Striving Mind Academy and Consultancy Pty Ltd 
    165. SVA Training 
    166. Tagane Trading and Training Services Pty Ltd. 
    167. THABO Training and Services 
    168. The Assessment Zone (Pty) Ltd 
    169. The Skills Authority 
    170. The Skills Matrix 
    171. TI Mohloane Trading and Projects 
    172. TIESPRO (Pty) Ltd 
    173. Total Fleet Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    174. Training at Divine Group Pty Ltd 
    175. Training Consultant and SD College 
    176. Transvaal Legislative Training 
    177. Triton Express Pty Ltd 
    178. Tshireletso Multi-skills and Training 
    179. Uthingo Training Centre 
    180. Uzoyithola Training and Consulting 
    181. Vhonisani Training Academy & Projects 
    182. Victoria driving School PTY LTD 
    183. Voltrek Trading and Projects 
    184. Wheelman S A 
    185. WHSE Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    186. Wind Financial and Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
    187. Workplace Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    188. Xinergistix Management Services (Pty) Ltd 
    189. Yellow Jersey Logistics 
    190. Zambuko Training Enterprise 
    191. Zitha Driving School (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.