SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Handle and use a shotgun for business purposes 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
123514  Handle and use a shotgun for business purposes 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Security 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard applies to persons who will through the application of knowledge of the relevant legislation, carry, handle, shoot and maintain a shotgun for business purposes.

Benefit to society of this unit standard is that law enforcement personnel from both the private and public sectors will contribute to safety in society.

A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of safe handling principles in a business environment.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the mechanical functioning of the shotgun.
  • Operate a shotgun in a business environment.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of shotgun use under adverse conditions. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF level 2.
    It is further assumed that the following unit standards relating to the shotgun have been completed before attempting this unit standard: 117705 and 119652. If these unit standards have not been completed, they must be completed before continuing with this unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of safe handling principles in a business environment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Safe handling principles must include:
  • Safe direction.
  • Load to a safe carry condition.
  • Unload and or make safe.
  • Range safety rules.
  • Personal protection equipment (PPE).
  • Safe maintenance.
  • Safety catch.
  • Safety precautions.
  • Range commands. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A safe direction is described in different environments. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    "Different environments" must include office buildings, parking areas, shopping malls, crowded areas and vehicles.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Safety precautions are demonstrated with the shotgun in a controlled scenario. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Safety precautions must include unloading/making the shotgun safe and when to carry out safety precautions.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Shotgun is loaded to a safe carry condition in accordance with safety procedures and legal requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Where the shotgun is equipped with a sling, the correct carry position is demonstrated.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The operation of the safety device is demonstrated in a manner applicable to that particular device. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Where the shotgun has a manually operated, or external safety feature, the learner is to demonstrate how it works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The importance of personal protection equipment (PPE) is explained in the context of indoor and outdoor shooting ranges. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    PPE must include both eye and ear protection applicable to the shooting range used.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Range commands are understood and adhered to during practical assessment and shooting exercises. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    A safety inspection applicable to the shotgun is demonstrated to ensure the shotgun has been maintained in working order. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the mechanical functioning of the shotgun. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Mechanical functioning includes:
  • Parts and functions.
  • Mechanical function of the shotgun.
  • Mechanical malfunctions.
  • Components of a cartridge.
  • Cartridge firing sequence.
  • Cartridge malfunctions.
  • Correction of malfunctions. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Visible parts of an assembled shotgun are identified in terms of parts and functions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Functions of the main parts of the shotgun are explained in terms of the barrel and action. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The action of a shotgun refers to the moving parts and mechanical functioning of the shotgun.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The basic components of a shotgun cartridge are identified in terms of their characteristics and application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Basic components must include:
  • Bullet.
  • Propellant and or powder.
  • Case.
  • Wad.
  • Primer.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The cartridge firing sequence and pattern spread of the shotgun is explained in terms of how a cartridge works. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Firearm and ammunition malfunctions are identified and corrective action is implemented while applying safe handling principles. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Operate a shotgun in a business environment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The term operate also refers to the handling and use of a shotgun.

    Operate refers to:
  • Fundamentals.
  • Body positions.
  • Barricades.
  • Immediate action drills (IAD).
  • Point of aim.
  • Rapid reload.
  • Practical shooting. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Fundamentals of shotgun shooting are demonstrated to provide a stable shooting platform for firing a shotgun. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Fundamentals will include but is not limited to grip, stance and aiming.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Body positions are demonstrated to provide a stable shooting platform for firing a shotgun. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Body positions must include, but is not limited to standing and kneeling.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ability to apply a standing and kneeling stance is demonstrated with a shotgun while taking cover behind a barricade. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    An immediate action drill (IAD) applicable to the shotgun being used is demonstrated while applying safe handling principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The recommended point of aim when using a shotgun for business purposes is explained in the context of centre body mass. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Point of aim refers to that part of the target aimed at.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    A rapid reload is demonstrated applicable to the relevant shotgun. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Target is hit accurately with control of bullet impact and accountability for 80% of shots fired. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Accurately means 80% (4 out of 5) shots fired must appear on the target.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Proficiency in the use of a shotgun for business purposes is demonstrated in a controlled scenario.

    Controlled Scenario
    The shotgun is presented from either a sling or low ready position. Five rounds are to be fired in a time of 10 seconds from a standing position. Distance to target must be 10 metres. The shotgun may not be dead-rested while shooting. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
  • Any standing stance may be used.
  • The target size must be approximately A5 in size.
  • The scenario is to begin with the shotgun loaded to a safe carry condition applicable to normal everyday carry. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate knowledge of shotgun use under adverse conditions. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Adverse conditions must include the following:
  • Awareness strategies to reduce stress.
  • Low light shooting.
  • Risk assessment. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An awareness strategy is explained in order to limit the effects of adrenaline on the human body. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Awareness strategy must be explained with the use of color codes or the Observation, Orientation, Decision and Action (OODA loop) system or a similar concept.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Principles of low light shooting are explained to ensure that targets are identified and targets are acquisitioned. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Target acquisition refers to aligning the firearm with the target.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Equipment used by the learner during assessment is proven to be fit for purpose. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Fit for purpose will include, safe, functional, reliable and in accordance with legal requirements.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following areas of knowledge are embedded within the unit standard:
  • Parts and functions of ammunition.
  • Parts and functions of Shoguns.
  • Safe handling of Shotguns in various environments.
  • Use of safety equipment and range rules where applicable. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems: related to conditions for using the firearm and dealing with malfunctions and obstructions under adverse conditions. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively: the handling and use of a firearm requires self-organisation and management. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically: related to the use of firearms as a technology. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand the world as a set of inter-related parts of a system: related to safety and safe handling of firearms and ammunition. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full development of oneself. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Any assessor assessing against this unit standard, must be registered as a subject matter expert at the relevant ETQA in respect of firearm training. Due to the nature of the activity it is essential that all assessors prove that they are capable of successfully completing the practical components of this unit standard, before being registered as assessors. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50480   Further Education and Training Certificate: Firearm Training  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAPFTC 
    Elective  58577   National Certificate: General Security Practices  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  62289   Further Education and Training Certificate: Road Traffic Law Enforcement  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  58696   National Certificate: Close Protection  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. 2000 SIMUNYE SECURITY TRAINING ACADEMY 
    2. ABONGILE MNYANDA TRADING CC T/A EKO KOBRA 
    3. AIM TRAINING ACADEMY 
    4. AIM TRAINING ACADEMY - BUNDU 
    5. AIM TRAINING ACADEMY - CURLEWS 
    6. AIM TRAINING ACADEMY PHALABORWA 
    7. AKAF BODYGUARDS 
    8. BLACKEN SECURITY SERVICES 
    9. BTC TRAINING AFRICA PTY LTD 
    10. CITY OF JOHANNESBURG METROPOLITAN POLICE : FIREARM SERVICES 
    11. DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES: ZONDERWATER COLLEGE 
    12. DEPARTMENT OF ROADS AND TRANSPORT T/A LIMPOPO PROVINCE TRAFFIC TRAININ 
    13. DOGS AND ALL 
    14. DYNAMIC ALTERNATIVES PTY LTD 
    15. EKHURHULENI SHOOTING AND TRAINING ACADEMY 
    16. ENFORCE SECURITY SERVICES PTY LTD ETHEKWINI 
    17. FALCON FIREARM ACADEMY 
    18. Fidelity Security Services 
    19. G4S SECURE SOLUTIONS (SA) (PTY) LTD WYNBERG 
    20. HJN TRAINING CC 
    21. IMVULA SKILLS DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY 
    22. INSTITUTE FOR PERSONAL CLOSE PROTECTION 
    23. IPELENG RISK MANAGEMENT SERVICES PTY LTD 
    24. ITO FOCUS PHOLE 
    25. KWAZULU NATAL TRAFFIC TRAINING COLLEGE 
    26. L AND L TRAINING 
    27. Lesedi Security And Training Servic Es 
    28. MILLCREEK TRADING CC 
    29. NTATE AVIATION AND SECURITY TRAINING 
    30. NU LAW FIREARMS COMPLIANCE 
    31. PROTEA COIN GROUP (ASSETS IN TRANSIT AND ARMED REACTION) 
    32. RAMAZWI SECURITY SERVICES CC 
    33. ROMULA BUSINESS ENTERPRISES T/A SIYAFUNDA SECURITY ACADEMY 
    34. RONIN PROTECTION SERVICES 
    35. SNAP SOLUTIONS NETWX PTY LTD 
    36. STALLION LEARNING CENTRE PTY LTD 
    37. THE BTC GROUP 
    38. TZANEEN TRAINING CENTRE 
    39. TZANEEN TRAINING CENTRE LIMPOPO 
    40. VITAL SKILLS CC 
    41. ZEVOLI 9 PTY LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.