SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify and describe engineering design and fluid dynamic principles within hull design and mast and sail shape 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
123611  Identify and describe engineering design and fluid dynamic principles within hull design and mast and sail shape 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People who are pursuing a career in basic boat building require the skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard. Learners who achieve this unit standard will demonstrate a fundamental knowledge base of small craft manufacturing and contribute to the boat building sector in demonstrating an understanding of engineering design and fluid dynamic principles within hull design and mast and sail shape.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Identify and describe fluid dynamic principles and the necessity for professional engineering design in small craft construction.
  • Identify and describe key elements in sail and mast design and construction that influence the design and performance of a small sailing craft.
  • Describe how engineering design and tank testing relate to small craft design and construction. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that Learners are already competent in:
  • Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The range covers the role and purpose of the boat building sector. It includes the practices, culture, quality standards, legal framework, main activities and expectations of clients in the boat building sector. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify and describe fluid dynamic principles and the necessity for professional engineering design in small craft construction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The power requirements for a small craft relative to its operational requirements are explained guided by professional engineering design. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Design for requirements includes but is not limited to fishing vessels with heavy loads, long range and large engines but low speed vs recreational small craft for high speed, short range, calm water operations, day sailing in protected waters to around the world cruising.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The reasons for fluid dynamics influence the choice of hull and underbody design are discussed relative to the operational requirements of the small craft. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Underbody design suitable for includes but is not limited to High speed, long range, low horsepower design vs low speed, long range, low horsepower vs high speed, short range high horsepower.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Engineering design specifics and fluid dynamic influences on high-speed power craft are discussed to reflect choice of propulsion systems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Propulsion systems include but are not limited to included surface piercing propellers, water jet propulsion, hydrofoils, automatic gearbox's and exotic propellers.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Engineering design specifics and fluid dynamic influences on sailing craft hull design are discussed to reflect performance sailing requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sailing craft includes but is not limited to inshore sailing in dinghies and yachts, offshore racing, endurance and ultra long distance racing.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify and describe key elements in sail and mast design and construction that influence the design and performance of a small sailing craft. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The efficiency and effectiveness of professional sail design are discussed in terms of its impact on a vessel's performance and sail handling equipment requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Sail design includes but is not limited to flat sails vs full sails, upwind performance vs down wind stability, cruising in comfort vs flat out racing.
  • Sail handling equipment requirements includes but is not limited to winches, jammers, blocs, cleats, tracks, travellers and cars.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The various methods of sail construction are discussed in relation to the operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Various methods include but are not limited to choice of cloth, glued vs stitched, moulded vs 3D design, hi-tech vs durability.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The efficiency and effectiveness of mast and spar design are discussed in terms of its impact on a vessel's performance and operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Mast and spar design includes but is not limited to light weight hi-tech vs strong and safe cruising, efficiency of wooden, metal and carbon fibre masts and spoors.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The different types of standing and running rigging used on small sailing craft are discussed relative to the operational requirements in accordance with design criteria. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Standing and running rigging include but are not limited to Rope, Stainless steel wire, exotics, carbon, aramid, spectra.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe how engineering design and tank testing relate to small craft design and construction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The influence of the various classification societies is discussed in terms of the impact on the engineering design of a vessel. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Classification societies include but are not limited to National Department of Transport (NDoT), American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), Lloyds Registrar of Shipping, Bureau Veritas, Certification European (CE).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The influence of the various rating rules is discussed in terms of its impact on the design of the vessel. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Rating rules include but are not limited to, Box Rules, International rating Certificate (IRC), International Measurement System (IMS), Performance Handicap Rating Factor (PHRF), Channel Handicap System (CHS), One Design and Olympics Classes.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The engineering design and materials utilised are documented and recorded in accordance with the relevant classification society's record keeping system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The reasons for conducting tank testing are explained in terms of the positive benefits for small craft design and construction. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Positive benefits include but are not limited to accurate performance indicators, cost savings, time efficient, reliability of data gathered that would determine equipment choice.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Actual tank testing is monitored and understood relative to the scale of the models to be tested, various speeds and weather conditions expected in the area of operation. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this Qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the Qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual Unit Standards as well as the integrated competence described in the Qualification.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this Qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Names, functions and locations of:

    > Various clubs, functional owners associations, regulatory bodies.
    > Classification bodies.
  • Purpose of processes and procedures of:

    > The purpose of optical processes.
    > The activities in planning and timing processes.
  • Attributes, properties, characteristics related to:

    > Properties of different craft.
    > Different categories of craft.
  • Cause and effect, implications of:
    > Area of operation.
  • Categories of things, processes, concepts:
    > Boat building concepts.
  • Procedures and techniques:
    > Boat building techniques, material.
  • Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies:

    > Organisational policies.
    > Relevant regulations regulating bodies.
    > Occupational, Health and Safety Act.
    > Environmental Act.
  • Theory - rules, laws, principles:

    > Boat building terminology.
    > Uses of boating concepts and principles.
    > Organisational culture.
  • Relationships, systems:

    > Between the boat manufacturer and commercial and leisure activities.
    > Between the retailer and client. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Distinguish between the correct and incorrect material for the best product.
  • Make right decision on best use of small craft.
  • Understanding and applying organisational policies and procedures.
  • Understanding the relationships. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
  • Support and assistance activities in the manufacturing process.
  • Liaison with clients.
  • The establishment of internal and external relationships. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively when:
  • Following processes, procedures and organisational protocols. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • Interpret boating history and impact on current boating environment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
  • Complying with the regulatory framework.
  • Applying the policies and procedures.
  • Providing descriptions, explaining, defining. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
  • Use technology to make calculation and take measurements.
  • Sourcing information on the standards, specifications, policies and procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • Between the boat manufacturer and client requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information:

    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes. Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Ensure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • Ensure evidence is gathered across the range as expressed under the title of unit standards. Specific range statements under individual outcomes or assessment criteria are illustrations, from which learning programme developers can select. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the learner is able to perform in the real situation.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance can be reproduced.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well-documented principles: assessment should be appropriate, fair, manageable, integrated into work or learning, valid, and consistent. Evidence should be authentic, sufficient, and current.
  • Assessment of this standard can be carried out through continuous assessment throughout the course of study and specific performances assessed.
  • Embedded knowledge must be integrated with the Specific Outcomes of the Unit Standard and Critical Cross Field Outcomes.

    Definitions:

    Small Craft includes wood, polycomposite or metal boats under 30 meters in length and constructed primarily for leisure purposes.

    All boating terminology are used in accordance with the "Boating Basic Glossary of Terms". 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50560   Further Education and Training Certificate: Small Craft Construction  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-08-31  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.