SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Harvest sugarcane manually 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
12566  Harvest sugarcane manually 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner will be able to burn a field of sugarcane, harvest, grab-load green and burnt sugarcane and build sugarcane stacks in order to ready for transportation, under supervision.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of factors influencing the harvest of sugarcane.
  • Burn a field of sugarcane under supervision.
  • Harvest and grab-load sugarcane.
  • Build sugarcane stacks. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    No prior learning is assumed to be in place 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of factors influencing the harvest of sugarcane. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Reasons for burning a sugarcane field before harvesting are explained according to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Burning may refer to hygienic purposes such as killing of harmful insects, preventing the spreading of diseases and pests, field to be ploughed out, geographical areas that requires burning and sugarcane in cold climates that require maximum heat from the sun to stimulate re-growth of sugarcane.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Safety procedures to adhere to when a sugarcane field is burnt according to environmental and personal safety. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Safety procedures should refer to burning of sugarcane near un-burnt cane fields and any adjacent field.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Factors that influence the quality of green and burnt sugarcane are explained before any cutting procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Factors that lower the cane sugar content (sucrose) in sugarcane are explained according to growth factors. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors lowering the sucrose content of sugarcane refers to fertiliser application and irrigation during the rapid or active period of sugarcane growth.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Factors that lower the cane sugar content (sucrose) in sugarcane are explained according to harvesting procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors lowering the sucrose content of sugarcane refers height of topping and base cutting because sweetness of sugarcane diminishes towards the top. Sugarcane deteriorates from the time it is harvested whether burnt, burnt and cut immediately or burnt and left standing in the field.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Burn a field of sugarcane under supervision. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Personal preparation is done according to workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Equipment to burn a sugarcane field is prepared according to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Equipment refers to water cart, tractor, fire lighter, cane knives and fire beater.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Equipment to burn a sugarcane field is used according to workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The designated sugarcane area is burnt according to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Workplace procedures may refer to hand signals agreed according to the emergency strategy.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Precautions of fire spreading to adjacent field are taken according to workplace procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Harvest and grab-load sugarcane. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Sugarcane refers to green sugarcane and burnt sugarcane. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Cane knives used for harvesting purposes are prepared and maintained according to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    A long a handled cane knife is used for cutting burnt cane and short handled cane knives are used for cutting trash cane. Preparation and maintaining may refer to the sharpening of the knives.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The area for stacking is determined to ensure accessibility to the tractor and trailer for the loading of cut sugarcane. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Personal preparation is done according to workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Sugarcane is base-cut and windrowed according to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Base-cut refer to topping and trashing in such a way so that the cane is cut at ground level, topped between the 6th node and the meristem and that approximately 80% of leaves are removed.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Sugarcane is grab -loaded according to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Grab-load refers to 2 or 3 rows of cane placed on one another with bottom ends together.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Build sugarcane stacks 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The site where the stack is to be build is prepared according to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Preparation may refer to the removal of debris from the site where the stack is to be built.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The stack is build to fit local transport requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Transport requirements refer to about 4 meters wide, have a mass of 3 to 5 tons, to be wedge shaped and provision made for two chains to pass under the cane stack in order to be accessible to a tractor and trailer from beneath.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Common problems associated with sugarcane stack building are solved within scope of work. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner`s competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Training providers must be accredited by the appropriate ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner will be able to identify and solve problems during the process of cutting sugarcane. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner will be able to organise and manage himself and his activities responsibly and effectively as a team member when harvesting sugarcane. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner will communicate effectively when reporting on work matters 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    The learner will use science and technology effectively by burning a sugarcane field. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The learner will demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by understanding the factors that impact on the quality of sucrose in sugarcane. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology
  • Workplace procedures refer to place of work procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer of equipment, personal, equipment and environmental safety procedures, best practices and applicable legislation.
  • Cane and sugarcane is synonymous.
  • Cane knives refer to knives specially designed for cutting sugarcane called a panga.

    Legal requirements:

    The following acts and/or codes, current and future regulations and amendments will be applicable.
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993.
  • Basic Conditions of Employment Act, No 57 of 1997. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  20287   National Certificate: Farming  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    2. Hot To Go Training College and Services 
    3. KayDee Project Management Cc 
    4. NEW HEIGHTS 1082 PTY LTD 
    5. Setlakala Business Development 
    6. Shukela Training Centre 
    7. Taletso FET College - Central Office 
    8. The Skills Development Hub (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.