SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Harvest Crops Manually 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14335  Harvest Crops Manually 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A learner will be able to harvest the fruit crop by picking, depositing, and culling of the fruit manually.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Determine the quality of fruit.
  • Prepare to harvest the crop.
  • Pick the crop manually.
  • Perform end of harvesting procedures.
  • Cull the fruit not up to specification. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    No prior learning is assumed to be in place. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Determine the quality of fruit 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fruit appearance requirements of good quality deciduous fruit are identified as laid down by industry 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Quality may include but not limited to true to type, colour, size, marks and damage, leaf stalk and spray residue.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Internal requirements for good quality deciduous fruit are identified as laid down by the industry. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Internal qualities may refer to such as flavour, flesh colour, decay, insect damage, bitterpit, mealiness and sput pip.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The various methods of testing for the maturity and ripeness of the fruit are identified according to accepted industry tests. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tests may refer to iodine test, pressure test, pip colour test, sugar/acid ratio test, and amount of days after full bloom.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Changes that take place during the ripening process are identified according to known ripening factors. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Changes refer to external and internal changes such as starch conversion to sugar.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Climacteric and non-climacteric fruits are identified according to different cultivars. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. The effect that damaged fruit is explained according to market value of the fruit. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Handling procedures for fruit are explained according to industry requirements 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Handling should exclude bruising, stem pricks or nail marks. Handling procedures refer to picking, culling bin and transportation of fruit.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to harvest the crop 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Personal preparation is done according to workplace procedures 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Personal preparation refer to personal hygiene, attire according to region and industry requirements.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Equipment is prepared according to workplace procedures 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Equipment may include but is not limited to stepladders; picking containers; sizing rings; picking scissors.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Pick the crop manually. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fruit ready to be harvested are identified according to workplace procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The fruit crop is picked and handled according to workplace procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Picked fruit is placed in the culling bin according to workplace procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Common problems associated with harvesting a fruit crop are solved within scope of work. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform end of harvesting procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The orchard is clean of dropped fruit according to workplace procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Equipment and materials are cleaned and handled according to workplace procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Waste from the harvesting process is handled according to workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Faulty personal attire and harvesting equipment are maintained according to workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Harvesting equipment may refer to ladders, picking boxes and picking bags.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Cull the fruit not up to specification 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Fruit are identified and sorted according to quality specifications and workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Specifications may include but are not limited to under grade; size; colour; bruising.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Fruit are handled and stored according to workplace procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Fruit not meeting the minimum quality specifications are culled according to workplace procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner`s competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Training providers must be accredited by the appropriate ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner will be able to identify and solve problems regarding fruit harvesting procedures 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner will be able to organise and manage himself and his activities responsibly and effectively by planning and take controlling factors into account 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    The learner will be able to collect, analyse and critically evaluate information by identifying the quality fruit and culling fruit not meeting minimum criteria. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner will communicate effectively when reporting on work matters 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    The learner will use science and technology effectively and critically when harvesting fruit crops. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology
  • Workplace procedures refer to place of work procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer of equipment, personal, equipment and environmental safety procedures, best practices and applicable legislation

    Legal requirements:
    The following acts and/or codes, current and future regulations and amendments will be applicable.
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993.
  • Basic Conditions of Employment Act, No 57 of 1997. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  20287   National Certificate: Farming  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    2. Grabouw Skills Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    3. Hot To Go Training College and Services 
    4. KayDee Project Management Cc 
    5. Knowledge For Ever 
    6. Millenium Skills (Pty )Ltd 
    7. NEW HEIGHTS 1082 PTY LTD 
    8. Phezukomkhono Training Services 
    9. Safropa Pty Ltd 
    10. Setlakala Business Development 
    11. Taletso FET College - Central Office 
    12. The Skills Development Hub (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.