SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Set out, excavate, cast concrete strip foundations, build foundation walling and cast concrete slabs 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14895  Set out, excavate, cast concrete strip foundations, build foundation walling and cast concrete slabs 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Building Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Building Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners` who are assessed as competent against this unit standard will be able to set out, excavate and cast concrete strip foundations and build foundation walling onto which a concrete slab is cast in accordance with the design and construction methods specified in working drawings for houses of a basic design ensuring that the applicable National Building standards, health and safety regulations and prescribed time frames are adhered to.

The competencies contained in this unit standard complement the other building competencies that make up this qualification and will contribute to the development of professional Community House Builders who are able to use science and technology in a responsible and cost effective manner. These competencies should result in improved quality and service delivery in community house building.

The contribution to The National Skills Development Strategy is the key developmental interface between Learners` and new competencies to be achieved.

The successful completion of this unit standard will provide Learners` with access to the National Certificate in Construction Masonry - NQF Level 3. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
NQF Level 1 (ABET Level 4) Literacy and Numeracy competencies
"Read and interpret construction drawings and specifications" 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The competencies specified in this unit standard are applicable to the construction of houses that are rectangular in shape and it is within this context that the learner is required to demonstrate competent performance.

Methods for levelling ground, foundations and slabs include the use of a dumpy and spirit level.

Methods for setting out buildings and foundations include the application of the Pythagoras Theorem.

Methods for erecting and securing setting out measurements include batter board and sight rail.

Placement of DPC membrane includes under slab and on top of foundation walling. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Prepare the work area and select, use and maintain tools, equipment and materials. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Appropriate tools, equipment and materials are selected. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Tools and equipment are functional. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Safety procedures are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Prepare site and set out building foundations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. All debris is cleared and the building site is levelled. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. A batter board is erected in accordance with specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Foundation lines are accurately transferred to the ground. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Safety procedures are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Excavate foundation trenches, evaluate and report on soil conditions. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Trenches are excavated in accordance with specified dimensions and building regulations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Precautions are taken for soft and hard spots and trenches are free of surface water. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Work is completed within the allocated time frame. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Safety procedures are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Install level pegs for top of concrete foundations including step foundations where required. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Difference in levels in step foundation is equal to number of courses. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Pegs are installed level and to the correct height. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Work is completed within the allocated time frame. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Safety procedures are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Mix, cast and level concrete and introduce steps. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Correct masonry bond and mortar ratios are applied. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Concrete is levelled to the tops of the level pegs and reinforcement is installed where required. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Work is completed within the allocated time frame. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Safety procedures are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Build and finish foundation walls up to damp proof course. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Build and finish foundation walls up to damp proof course using supplied masonry units and mortar materials. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Joints are grouted where specified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Future services are provided for. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Foundation wall is built on centre of strip footing. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Cavity/cores are filled to DPC level for foundation walling of cavity construction where specified and where hollow masonry units are used. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Height and thickness of foundation walls complies to SABS 0400 standard. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Fill is placed and compacted in layers not exceeding 200mm. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Work is completed within the allocated time frame. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Safety procedures are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
Fill and consolidate and install under floor DPC and cast ground floor concrete slabs. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. DPC membrane is installed in accordance with specified requirements (under slab and on top of foundation walling). 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Work is completed within the allocated time frame. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Safety procedures are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 8 
Cast reinforced concrete slab. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Ground is levelled. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Gravel is spread and compacted in accordance with specified dimensions. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Concrete formwork is installed in accordance with specified requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Construction steel is installed in accordance with specified requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Concrete is mixed, cast and compacted to the specified level. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Concrete is cured in accordance with specified requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Work is completed within the allocated time frame. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Safety procedures are adhered to. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the CETA - ETQA, for this unit standard.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the CETA - ETQA.
  • CETA - ETQA is responsible for moderation of learner achievements for Learners` who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Understand and explain:
  • Tools, equipment and materials
  • Different types of foundations for masonry walls and rules of application for single storey buildings
  • SABS 0400 - Application of the National Building Regulations and Home Building Manual (NHBRC) for foundation design, building procedures and precautionary measures for single storey buildings
  • Different soil types, appropriate foundation construction methods, building precautions and procedures
  • Levelling methods
  • Setting out methods
  • Methods for erecting and securing setting out measurements
  • Types of concrete materials and proportions for mixing mortar materials
  • Techniques for casting step foundations
  • Different types of masonry bonds and mortar
  • Types of joint finishes
  • Placement of reinforcement
  • Placement of fills, compaction considerations and application
  • Techniques for placing DPC membrane
  • Health and Safety Legislation 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking:
  • Identify the slope of the ground and determine whether step foundations are to be installed
  • Observe the soil conditions and report any identified irregularities to relevant authorities i.e. site engineer or architect and take the recommended precautions into consideration when commencing with construction activities
  • Identify the design and construction method of the foundations so that the correct ratios are used for concrete and types of mortars 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation and community:
  • Ensure trench excavations are adequately safeguarded to prevent accident or injury to unauthorised visitors who might enter the building site 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage your activities responsibly and effectively:
  • Maintain tools and equipment in good working order to ensure that foundation construction is carried out effectively and the cost to company for the frequent replacement of tools and equipment is minimised
  • Plan work so that the excavation and casting of building foundations is completed within the specified deadlines 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Read and interpret the working drawing carefully and thoroughly so that specified foundation dimensions are correctly transferred during the setting out process 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, symbolic, and/or language skills in various modes:
  • Confirm your understanding of all specified requirements with the client/architect before commencing with excavation and casting of concrete strip foundations to minimise future delays that might be caused because this work has to be redone
  • Communicate in a clear and audible manner when issuing instructions to team members so that all verbal instructions are clearly understood and can be carried out as required 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environments and the health of others:
  • Use the specified mortar and ratios to achieve the correct mortar mix
  • Use levelling devices to accurately set out and transfer levels 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems, by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation:
  • Ensure that materials, tools and equipment used to excavate and cast foundations is safely and securely stored and protected on the building site to minimise the risk of accident or injury to site personnel or visitors to the building site 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively:
  • Assess the work that you have completed to identify areas that can be improved on when excavating and casting concrete strip foundations or slabs and building foundation walling in the future 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  24273   National Certificate: Community House Building  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  48642   General Education and Training Certificate Housing: Housing Consumer Education  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-05-13  Was CETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  65969   General Education and Training Certificate: Human Settlements Development  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. 17 Shaft Training 
    2. Abakholwe Community Developers (Pty) Ltd 
    3. Amagema Development and Social Consultants 
    4. Amber Tower Training 
    5. Artisan Development Academy 
    6. Assured Vocational Skills Institute 
    7. Aveng Grinaker -LTA Civil Engineering 
    8. Better Best Agri Development 
    9. BH Training and Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    10. Big Tree Group 
    11. Blacken Security Services 
    12. Bokgoni Training And Development 
    13. BOLAND COLLEGE (Paarl) 
    14. Border Kei Training Trust 
    15. Builders Training Centre 
    16. Capricorn FET College - Central Office 
    17. CBM TRAINING PTY LTD 
    18. CENTRE FOR CAREER GUIDANCE AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT CC 
    19. Centre For Economic Participation 
    20. Coega Development Corporation (Pty) Ltd 
    21. College of Cape Town (City Campus) 
    22. Construction Resource Development Centre 
    23. DESTO PTY LTD 
    24. Eastcape Training Centre 
    25. EDUCATORY ELECTRO SERVICES 
    26. Edzani Community Development and Consultancy 
    27. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Pty Ltd 
    28. Ekurhuleni East College For TVET 
    29. Elata Management Consultants 
    30. Ergo-Maphelong Institute 
    31. Esayidi TVET College 
    32. ETS Emergency Training Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    33. False Bay College 
    34. Forek Institute of Technology 
    35. Furniture World Training Centre 
    36. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    37. Gert Sibande TVET College 
    38. Godisang Development 
    39. Goitsebasadi Construction Project 
    40. Goldfields FET College 
    41. GREATER ELDOS IMAGES OF PEACE 
    42. Ifodo Skills Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    43. Ikasa Consultancy Enterprise 
    44. Ikhwezi Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    45. In Excess Traiding 22 (Pty) ltd 
    46. In Touch Community Development & Project Managers 
    47. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE 
    48. IQHAYIYA COMMUNITY COLLEGE (Legacy) 
    49. Josmap Training Institute 
    50. Kamofatso Construction and Academy 
    51. KIM People Development 
    52. KING HINTSA TVET College 
    53. L S Nkosi CC 
    54. Leps Training Consultants 
    55. Macsen Construction & Projects 
    56. Maesela Phaladi Investment and Construction PTY LTD 
    57. Majuba TVET College 
    58. Mangaung Artisan Developers and Projects 
    59. Microzone Training CC 
    60. Mnambithi TVET College 
    61. MOGOLO ACADEMY - ENKELBULT 
    62. Mopani South East FET College - Central Office 
    63. Motheo TVET College 
    64. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    65. Mpilende Training and Technology Solutions 
    66. MPUMALANGA REGIONAL TRAINING TRUST 
    67. Mthoms Trading 
    68. Namuntlha Training and Development (Pty)Ltd 
    69. NEMJA SECURITY AND PROJECTS CC 
    70. Nkangala Public FET College - Central Office 
    71. Nkomaba Trading and Projects 
    72. Nokuthula Dube & Associates 
    73. NOLOSHA 
    74. Nomagwanishe Investments cc 
    75. NOMASOJABULA TRAINING CENTRE 
    76. Northern Cape Rural TVET College 
    77. Northlink TVET College 
    78. Novi General Services 
    79. NSINGWENI CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    80. ONE4ALL TRAINING ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    81. Orbit FET College - Central Office 
    82. PALABORA FOUNDATION 
    83. Palale Construction and Projects 
    84. Pat Sesfikile Trading CC 
    85. Perfect Solution Project and Consultancy 
    86. PMA Holdings (PTY ) LTD. 
    87. PRIMESERV CORPORATE SOLUTIONS PTY LTD T/A PRIMESERV HR SOLUTIONS 
    88. PROMINENT EMZANSI PROJECTS 
    89. Protech Training (Pty) Ltd 
    90. Qualfurn Training & Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    91. RCS Academy 
    92. Reata Services (Pty) Ltd 
    93. Rural Development Trust 
    94. Sakhisizwe Development Training 
    95. Sejamo Construction and Training 
    96. SETHIKE TRADING 
    97. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    98. SIYAFUNDA BUSINESS SYSTEM 
    99. Somvi General Services 
    100. Sphola Consulting CC 
    101. St Anthonys Education Centre 
    102. STEP AHEAD BUSINESS TRAINING 
    103. STEVENEL TRAINING CONSTRUCTION AND CIVIL 
    104. Thabomeleng 
    105. Thaleba Promotions and Events Management 
    106. Thekweni TVET College 
    107. Thembifundo Ikusasa Lakho 
    108. Tius Consultants 
    109. Tjeka Training Matters Pty Ltd 
    110. Tlhogi''s Consulting and Projects 
    111. Tommy Phiri Labour Relations and Training Services 
    112. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    113. TSEBO SECHABA CONSULTING 
    114. Tshwane North College for FET - Central Office 
    115. TSK Projects 
    116. Ubucubu Home Industries 
    117. Umfolozi FET College 
    118. Umgungundlovu FET College 
    119. Umnotho We Afrika Foundation 
    120. Vizz Tech Printers 
    121. VSL GENERAL TRADING CC 
    122. Vuselela TVET College 
    123. WAL TRAINING 
    124. West Coast TVET College 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.