SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Demonstrate knowledge of basic concepts of telecommunications 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14928  Demonstrate knowledge of basic concepts of telecommunications 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended for those entering the workplace in the area of Manufacturing and AssemblyPeople credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying concepts of telecommunications.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the operation of a simple telephone and a basic fax machine.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying technologies used in telecommunications.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the operation and use of networks and systems in telecommunications.

    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Open.

    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3)
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End-User Computing unit Standards, at least up to NQF level 3.) 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying concepts of telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes underlying concepts in simple non-mathematical terms and with reference to their relevance to telecommunications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Concepts: Sound; Frequency; Wavelength; Bandwidth; Modulation; Attenuation; Bits
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the operation of a simple telephone and a basic fax machine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration explains the use of a simple telephone with the aid of a diagram and with reference to components, signaling and transmission of speech. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Components: Microphone; Receiver; Tone signaling; Ringing; Anti-sidetone control
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration explains the use of a simple facsimile with the aid of a diagram and with reference to components, signaling and transmission of pictures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Components: Signaling; Tone detection; Paper path; Scanning; Modulation; Receiving; Printing
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying technologies used in telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes types of modulation and the principle of multiplexing as used in telecommunication systems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Process, input and output waveforms, advantages and applications
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration describes concepts of impedance, termination, reflection, crosstalk, noise, and signal level, in non-mathematical terms and in relation to transmission media. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration describes the transmission media employed in telecommunications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Untwisted shielded pair from audio thro to category 5; Coaxial; Fibre Optic; Analog and Digital Microwave relay systems; Cellular radio; Microcell networks
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The demonstration compares digital transmission of data to analog transmission. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Signal waveforms; Bandwidth requirements; Errors; Tolerance to noise; Line coding
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The demonstration describes basic components and concepts of a data network, with reference to the operation of the network. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Computer; File server; Modem; Channel access; Collision avoidance; Bus; Star; Ring
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the operation and use of networks and systems in telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes Public Switched Telephone Networks (PSTN) in terms of its operation and the services provided. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Switching plan and topology; PABX; Bandwidth limitations
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration describes data network services in terms of their operation, the services provided and the key features of each. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Leased data services; Packet switch network; ISDN; Frame relay.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration describes computer networks in terms of their operation and the services provided. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    LAN's; WAN's; Internet
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Accreditation Process:

    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation Process:

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour. An example of the standards expected is the standards found in ISO 9000 Certified Organisations.
  • Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
  • All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of an organisation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage him/her self and his/her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:
  • All measurements are to be expressed in SI units, and converted from Imperial units to SI where necessary.

    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):
  • Telecommunication Systems 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  22865   National Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2005-10-09  Was CHIETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  59569   National Certificate: Electronics  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  78964   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  24293   National Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Academy at Vaal Triangle (AVT 
    2. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    3. Affirmations Training 
    4. Africa Learn (Pty) Ltd 
    5. Afrika Tikkun NCC 
    6. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    7. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    8. Amilak Training Center 
    9. Angie Technologies 
    10. Answer The Call Skills and Entrepreneurship 
    11. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    12. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    13. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    14. Basadipele Skills Development and Training 
    15. Bells Technical College 
    16. Brainwave Projects 1430 cc 
    17. Careers IT 
    18. Claas Illustration 
    19. Clean Heat Academy 
    20. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    21. Columbus Consulting Pty Ltd 
    22. Common Vision Young Specialist Trading cc 
    23. CSL Accountants 
    24. CTU Training Solutions 
    25. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
    26. Dee's Training (Pty) Ltd 
    27. Delight Computer Training 
    28. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    29. ED-U Options Academy 
    30. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    31. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Centre Pty Ltd 
    32. Elchees Software Solutions 
    33. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    34. Eshybrand Pty Ltd 
    35. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    36. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    37. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Fourways Private College 
    39. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    40. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    41. Gert Sibande FET College 
    42. Global Institute for Capacity 
    43. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    44. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    45. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    46. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    47. Home of Compassion/Grace Ministries 
    48. HUAWEI Technologies Africa (PTY) LTD 
    49. iCollege College 
    50. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    51. Ikusasalethu Youth Development Project NPC 
    52. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    53. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    54. IT Academy 
    55. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    56. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    57. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    58. Keep The Dream 285 
    59. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    60. KT Mobile Services 
    61. Kundani Trading 
    62. Leseding Computer Systems 
    63. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    64. LIMPOPO COMPUTER COLLEGE BK 
    65. Loomee Group 
    66. Makhophila Training 
    67. Malope It Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    68. Mash Computer Training 
    69. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    70. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    71. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    72. MND Training and Projects 
    73. Mogapi Education Group (Pty) Ltd 
    74. MORTERBOARD TRAINING SOLUTIONS 
    75. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    76. Mpande Technologies cc 
    77. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    78. NBC Technologies 
    79. NCC - Vereeniging 
    80. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    81. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    82. Nyathela Business College 
    83. Olrich Home of Technology 
    84. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    85. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    86. Paramixed Pty Ltd 
    87. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    88. Pretoria Technical College 
    89. Priha Projects Pty Ltd 
    90. Progressive School of Business 
    91. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    92. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    93. Rand Training College 
    94. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    95. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    96. Sabile Human Resources Consult 
    97. SANDM IT TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    98. Schauenburg Systems Pty Ltd 
    99. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    100. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    101. Spina Consultancy 
    102. SPLS Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    103. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    104. Success Christian Training Cen 
    105. SUPREME ICT CONSULTANTS 
    106. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    107. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    108. Terry Computer Services cc 
    109. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    110. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    111. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    112. Titan Trade Technologies 
    113. Tlou Foundation College 
    114. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    115. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    116. Tsima Consulting Development S 
    117. TSP COLLEGE 
    118. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    119. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    120. Visionary Skill Academy 
    121. VSS College (Pty) LTD 
    122. Vukani Solutions 
    123. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    124. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    125. Whitestone College 
    126. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    127. Working Solution International 
    128. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    129. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    130. Yonet Training Academy 
    131. Youth Media Movement 
    132. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    133. Zikode Development Trust 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.