SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of basic concepts of telecommunications 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14928  Demonstrate knowledge of basic concepts of telecommunications 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended for those entering the workplace in the area of Manufacturing and AssemblyPeople credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying concepts of telecommunications.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the operation of a simple telephone and a basic fax machine.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying technologies used in telecommunications.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the operation and use of networks and systems in telecommunications.

    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Open.

    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3)
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End-User Computing unit Standards, at least up to NQF level 3.) 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying concepts of telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes underlying concepts in simple non-mathematical terms and with reference to their relevance to telecommunications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Concepts: Sound; Frequency; Wavelength; Bandwidth; Modulation; Attenuation; Bits
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the operation of a simple telephone and a basic fax machine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration explains the use of a simple telephone with the aid of a diagram and with reference to components, signaling and transmission of speech. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Components: Microphone; Receiver; Tone signaling; Ringing; Anti-sidetone control
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration explains the use of a simple facsimile with the aid of a diagram and with reference to components, signaling and transmission of pictures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Components: Signaling; Tone detection; Paper path; Scanning; Modulation; Receiving; Printing
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the underlying technologies used in telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes types of modulation and the principle of multiplexing as used in telecommunication systems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Process, input and output waveforms, advantages and applications
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration describes concepts of impedance, termination, reflection, crosstalk, noise, and signal level, in non-mathematical terms and in relation to transmission media. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration describes the transmission media employed in telecommunications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Untwisted shielded pair from audio thro to category 5; Coaxial; Fibre Optic; Analog and Digital Microwave relay systems; Cellular radio; Microcell networks
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The demonstration compares digital transmission of data to analog transmission. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Signal waveforms; Bandwidth requirements; Errors; Tolerance to noise; Line coding
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The demonstration describes basic components and concepts of a data network, with reference to the operation of the network. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Computer; File server; Modem; Channel access; Collision avoidance; Bus; Star; Ring
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the operation and use of networks and systems in telecommunications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration describes Public Switched Telephone Networks (PSTN) in terms of its operation and the services provided. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Switching plan and topology; PABX; Bandwidth limitations
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The demonstration describes data network services in terms of their operation, the services provided and the key features of each. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Leased data services; Packet switch network; ISDN; Frame relay.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration describes computer networks in terms of their operation and the services provided. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    LAN's; WAN's; Internet
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Accreditation Process:

    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation Process:

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour. An example of the standards expected is the standards found in ISO 9000 Certified Organisations.
  • Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
  • All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of an organisation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage him/her self and his/her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:
  • All measurements are to be expressed in SI units, and converted from Imperial units to SI where necessary.

    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):
  • Telecommunication Systems 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  22865   National Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2005-10-09  Was CHIETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  59569   National Certificate: Electronics  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  78964   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  24293   National Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. A4 Consultancy Pty Ltd 
    2. Academy at Vaal Triangle (AVT 
    3. Academy of Training and Allied Services Pty Ltd 
    4. Acorser Corporate & Business Consulting t/a Acorser Academy 
    5. Advanced Assessments and Train 
    6. Affirmations Training 
    7. Afric Training Centre and Security Studies PTY LTD 
    8. Afrika Tikkun 
    9. All Nation Group Five Trading and Projects 
    10. Amadi Institute of Management And Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    11. Amilak Training Center 
    12. Angie Technologies 
    13. Answer The Call Skills ands En 
    14. APEXEA 
    15. ATTI (Advanced Technonogy Training Institute) 
    16. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS (Bloemfontei 
    17. ATTI Kimberley 
    18. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    19. Atvance Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    20. Awona Technologies cc 
    21. AWRISE 
    22. Bacom Computers 
    23. Basadipele Skills Development and Training 
    24. BDCE (Pty) Ltd 
    25. Bells Technical College 
    26. Blue Ora Pty Ltd 
    27. Boland College 
    28. Bonitas Unversity College 
    29. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    30. Brainwave Projects 1430 cc 
    31. BYTES PEOPLE SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    32. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    33. Careers IT 
    34. City College 
    35. Claas Illustration 
    36. Clean Heat Academy 
    37. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    38. COLUMBUS TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    39. Comfortable Tech 
    40. Common Vision Young Specialist Trading cc 
    41. Compus training institution 
    42. CSL Accountants 
    43. CTU Training Solutions 
    44. CYBER-CITY IT SOLUTIONS 
    45. DAB Health Care Centre 
    46. DC Dynamic College of Commerce 
    47. Dee's Training (Pty) Ltd 
    48. Delight Computer Training 
    49. Dibana Business Consultants 
    50. DOGOODCIRCLE 
    51. DVG Media Training 
    52. DYNAMIC DNA (PTY) LTD 
    53. Dynamic Dyvention Trading and 
    54. EAST LONDON MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 
    55. ED-U Options Academy 
    56. Edging Forward Training and Co 
    57. EHLANZENI TVET COLLEGE 
    58. Ekasi IT Solutions Centre 
    59. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Centre Pty Ltd 
    60. Elchees Software Solutions 
    61. Embroser Solutions Pty Ltd 
    62. Epitome Villa (Pty)Ltd 
    63. Eshybrand Pty Ltd 
    64. EYETHU NATIONAL COMPUTER COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    65. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    66. Finweb Business Consultancy 
    67. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    68. Foster-Melliar (Pty) Ltd 
    69. Four Stars Communication 
    70. Fourways Private College 
    71. Fullimput108 (Pty) Ltd 
    72. Future Africa Consulting t/a Future Africa Consulting & Training 
    73. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    74. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    75. Gauteng College of Engineering 
    76. GCABS 
    77. Genii Institute PTY LTD 
    78. Gert Sibande FET College 
    79. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    80. Global Institute for Capacity 
    81. Gold Class Group 
    82. Growth Management Consulting cc 
    83. Guest Resource Services 
    84. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    85. HCLS HUMAN CAPITAL LEARNING SOLUTIONS 
    86. HILLCROSS BUSINESS SCHOOL (PTY 
    87. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    88. Home of Compassion/Grace Ministries 
    89. HUAWEI Technologies Africa (PTY) LTD 
    90. iCollege College 
    91. Ikusasa Technology Solutions 
    92. Ikusasalethu Youth Development 
    93. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    94. Impact Sourcing Academy - NPO 
    95. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    96. Ingomsotech Solutions and Trai 
    97. INSIGHTTECH COMMUNICATIONS Pty 
    98. Institutional Higher Education 
    99. Isivande Projects 
    100. ISOLVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    101. IT Academy 
    102. IT Labs Consulting 
    103. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    104. Ithemba IT Solution 
    105. ITI 
    106. Jeppe College of Commerce and 
    107. Jonda Learning Academy 
    108. K Boneng Consulting Services P 
    109. Keep The Dream 285 
    110. Kgolo Institute 
    111. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    112. Kingswood Academy 
    113. KMT Training and Business Solutions 
    114. KT Mobile Services 
    115. Kundani Trading 
    116. KVR Training and Business Solutions 
    117. Lamus Training Academy 
    118. Learnfast Training Solutions ( 
    119. LEPHAILA PRINTERS 
    120. Leseding Computer Systems 
    121. LETAGO DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING 
    122. LIMPOPO COMPUTER COLLEGE BK 
    123. Limsa Training Institute 
    124. LINKINGNOTES 
    125. Loomee Group 
    126. Makhophila Training 
    127. Malope IT Solutions 
    128. Mamelodi Digital Centre cc 
    129. MANAGED OUTSOURCED TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    130. Mapubo Consulting 
    131. Mash Computer Training 
    132. MBOWA COLLEGE PTY LTD 
    133. Metanoia Ratings PTY LTD 
    134. Mmamohule General Traders 
    135. Mmanape Private Technical Coll 
    136. MMELA VILLAGE TECHNOLOGIES (PT 
    137. MND Training and Projects 
    138. Mogapi Education Group 
    139. MOKALENG IT 
    140. MORTERBOARD TRAINING SOLUTIONS 
    141. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    142. Moving Ahead Development Agenc 
    143. Mpande Technologies cc 
    144. Mufuka Business and Technical 
    145. Multi Tech College 
    146. Nape Angwato Trading 
    147. NBC Technologies 
    148. NCC - Vereeniging 
    149. Nchebeko Skills Consultancy (PTY) LTD 
    150. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    151. Nemja Security and Projects Pty Ltd 
    152. New Trend Computers cc 
    153. NEWLEIGH BUSINESS COLLEGE 
    154. Nkangala Skills Centre 
    155. Nkoka Training Cc 
    156. Nolwazi Stem Education for The 
    157. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    158. Nyathela Business College 
    159. Olrich Home of Technology 
    160. OMNIVISION INSTITUTE 
    161. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    162. OPELONG BUSINESS INSTITUTE (PT 
    163. Overcomers Training College (P 
    164. PACE Academia College (Pty) Lt 
    165. Paramixed Pty Ltd 
    166. PLATINUM PEAK CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    167. Polokwane Technology Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    168. Pretoria Technical College 
    169. Priha Projects Pty Ltd 
    170. Progressive School of Business 
    171. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    172. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    173. QUARPHIX (PTY) LTD 
    174. Rand Training College 
    175. Rasinkhu Investment (Pty) Ltd 
    176. Resisa Logistics cc 
    177. Revival Technologies and Academy 
    178. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    179. Rivoni Training N Communicatio 
    180. Rostec Technical FET College (Pty) Ltd 
    181. SA College of Technology (PTY) 
    182. Sabile Human Resources Consult 
    183. SANDM IT TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    184. Schauenburg Systems Pty Ltd 
    185. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    186. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    187. Sokwanya Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    188. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute(SAAI) 
    189. Sparrow FET Enterprises (Pty) Ltd 
    190. Spears Business and Life Couch Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    191. Spina Consultancy 
    192. SPLS Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    193. Star Light Consulting 
    194. SUCCESS BUILDERS INTERNATIONAL CC 
    195. Success Christian Training Cen 
    196. Supreme ICT Consultants 
    197. Synergy Transformation Solutio 
    198. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    199. Tau Ya Mariri Consulting 
    200. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    201. Tech-Com Solutions cc 
    202. Techtisa (pty) Ltd 
    203. Terry Computer Services cc 
    204. The Finishing College (Pty) Lt 
    205. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORA 
    206. Think Tank T2 (Pty) Ltd 
    207. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    208. TIPP ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    209. Titan Trade Technologies 
    210. Tlatlana Trading (PTY) LTD 
    211. Tlou Foundation College 
    212. TORQUE TECHNICAL COMPUTER TRAINING PTY LTD 
    213. Tshiredo Training Academy 
    214. Tshwane College of Commerce an 
    215. Tsima Consulting Development S 
    216. TSP COLLEGE 
    217. Ukwazi Academy and Corporate S 
    218. Urban Journey 
    219. Varsity Institute of Science & Technology (Pty)Ltd 
    220. Vastratech Pty) Ltd 
    221. Visionary Skill Academy 
    222. Vodacom (Pty) Ltd 
    223. VSS College (Pty) LTD 
    224. VUTHLARI MARKETING CONSULTING 
    225. Wavelengths Technology Training Institute 
    226. Wellinkwise Pty Ltd 
    227. Westrand Youth Development 
    228. Whitestone College 
    229. WORK SKILLS RESOURCES CC 
    230. Working Solution International 
    231. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    232. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 
    233. YITRO INNOVATIONS 
    234. Yonet Training Academy 
    235. Youth Media Movement 
    236. ZA WIT (PTY) LTD 
    237. Zikode Development Trust 
    238. ZJ Africa Learn 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.