| This unit standard describes the competence and knowledge required of a person referred to in the rope access industry as a "level 1" rope access technician.
The scope of this unit standard for any person who learns to ascend and descend and perform a limited range of rope access tasks typically under supervision of a qualified supervisor. Access to the task is gained by means of ropes anchored to the structure being accessed. This includes all rope access techniques where rope is used to perform work. It excludes access techniques used by emergency services for rescue work and ropes used for recreational purposes. It can be used in a range of contexts such as cleaning, construction, telecommunications, vessel inspection.
In the context of this unit standard, structures being accessed can include buildings, onshore or offshore structures or geological features such as cliff faces. Ropes are used as primary means of support, primary protection and positioning and a means for personnel to ascend or descend.
The level assigned to this unit standard is appropriate because there is limited range of rope access skills, and the work is performed under supervision. Generation of new ideas is not needed. The person is not responsible for teaching or supervising or safety of others.
Range statements that refer to assessment criteria:
Level 1 rope access refers to a "technician" who is able to perform a limited range of rope access work, under close supervision of a level 3 supervisor. NQF level 1.
Level 2 rope access refers to a "lead technician" who is capable of rigging working ropes, undertaking rescues and performing rope access tasks under supervision of a level 3 supervisor. NQF level 2.
Level 3 rope access refers to a "supervisor" who is capable of complete responsibility for work projects, able to demonstrate skills and knowledge of both levels 1 and 2, is conversant with relevant work techniques and legislation and has comprehensive knowledge of advanced rescue techniques. NQF level 4.
Assessment criteria marked with * are assessed according to worksite procedures.
Damage to equipment includes but is not limited to dropping equipment, chemicals, standing on ropes, dragging, sharp edges, impacting equipment.
Figure 8 knots include all of the following: figure 8 on the bight, double figure 8, figure 8 follow through (or rethreaded) onto a piece of equipment.
Identification and traceability of equipment includes but is not limited to permanent marking of equipment with a unique identity number that can be traced to equipment inventory and inspection records.
Inspection equipment criteria refer to requirements in BS 7985 table C or SABS 0333-3:1999. It refers to hardware inspection including karabiner, maillon, descender, back-up device, ascender, pulleys, wire slings. It also refers to ropes webbing and harnesses.
PPE include but is not limited to helmets, goggles, gloves, work boots, life jackets.
Personal equipment refers to but is not limited to a harness, helmet , descender, ascender, back-up device, connectors, cows tails, slings.
Legal awareness refers to knowledge of existence of references in this unit standard and OHS act.
To be considered medically fit learners should be free form any disability that may prevent them from working safely. The learner should be free form the following conditions: Heart disease, high blood pressure, epilepsy, fits and blackouts, fear of heights, giddiness or difficulty with balance, impaired limb function, alcohol or drug dependence, psychiatric illness, diabetes as well as conditions listed in SABS.
Slings include tape slings, wire slings and rope slings.
Safety awareness during rope access includes but is not limited to wearing PPE, Doing, double/final check of equipment, following the principles of double attachment and double ropes, mature behaviour during rope access manoeuvres, plan ahead.
Correct equipment includes but is not limited to safety equipment, protective clothing, rope access hardware items; ropes, harnesses and webbing and tools appropriate for the task to be performed, to prevent returning to collect items needed for the task.
Role of the supervisor includes checking the team's equipment and site before access work.
Safe use of rope access equipment includes the use of closed connectors, clipping back-up device unto the back-up rope, locking off the descender, correct use of seat.
Simulated snatch rescue includes any of the following: rescue of casualty in descent on one set of ropes approaching from both above and below the casualty, rescue of casualty in descent on two sets of ropes approaching from both above and below the casualty.
Awareness of worksite organisation includes following instructions, working under watch of a supervisor and working only in a dedicated area of work, team communication, awareness of worksite procedure.