SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Handle a liferaft during an emergency 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243987  Handle a liferaft during an emergency 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Maritime Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The person credited with this unit standard will be able to identify different types of emergencies at sea as well as different types of resources, equipment and methods to abandon ship. Learners will also be able to use a liferaft.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Explaining the different types of emergencies at sea and types of resources, equipment and methods to abandon ship.
  • Explaining ship abandonment procedures.
  • Boarding a liferaft.
  • Explaining the management of survivors and liferaft after abandoning ship. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this unit standard will have demonstrated competence in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 1 or equivalent.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1 or equivalent.
  • SAMSA's Familiarisation training or equivalent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The following scope and context applies to the whole unit standard:
  • In compliance with SAMSA's current Maritime Legislation, Proficiency in Liferaft Code and Practices, the scope of this unit standard covers the competence to perform survival and emergency procedures as required of all seagoing staff on board, e.g. merchant marine, port operations or fishing craft who wish to obtain a higher qualification.
  • Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to specific outcome or assessment criteria.
  • This unit standard refers to the Merchant Shipping (Training and Certification) (Fishing and Marine Motorman Qualifications) Regulations - 2006 and any amendments thereafter.
  • Can demonstrate competence by oral examination and assessment of evidence obtained from one or more of the following:
    > Approved in-service training.
    > Approved training ship.
    > Approved simulator training. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the different types of emergencies at sea and types of resources, equipment and methods to abandon ship. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different types of emergencies are identified and a basic description is given of each. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Types of emergencies:
  • Collision, accommodation fire, cargo hold fire, ingress of water in the engine room, cargo shifting causing loss of stability, structure failure of the ship, running aground.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Different types of resources, equipment and methods used to abandon ship are identified and a basic description is given of each. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Types of resources, equipment & methods to abandon ship:
  • Muster lists, safety plans, lifebuoys, life jackets, survival suits, pyrotechnics, radios and other electronic means of indicating distress, flags, lights, survival craft, rescue boats, liferafts, rescue boats, helicopters.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain ship abandonment procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Ship abandonment procedures are explained with practical examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Location of life-buoys and accessories are pointed out on a ship. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Statutory requirements in terms of shop abandonment are explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Types of clothing to wear are explained in the context of ship abandonment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Extra/additional articles to take in the case of ship abandonment are listed and reasons given why they are necessary. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Potential dangers for personnel in a survival craft are listed with a basic description of each. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Dangers for personnel in survival craft: shock, hypothermia, wounds incurred before or during abandoning ship, dehydration, starvation, psychological aspects, understands the possibility of shark attack.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Board a liferaft. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Donning a life jacket, knowledge of donning and using an immersion suit, safely jump from a height into the water (height +/- 3 metres), use of boarding ladders, right an inverted liferaft, perform basic "paddling"/swimming techniques swim while wearing a lifejacket, perform basic floating techniques without a lifejacket, board a survival craft from ship and from the water while wearing a lifejacket, avoiding danger to others when boarding the survival craft, methods to conserve body heat and energy when in the water. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The activities for boarding a liferaft are followed in the correct sequence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The boarding activities are explained in accordance with required standards focussing on the desired behaviour expected of crew and passengers. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Behaviour will include but is not limited to:
  • Calmly, assisting others, not panicking.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The construction of the liferaft is explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A liferaft is launched according to ship board procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The actions required after leaving the ship are described focussing on why they are carried out. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the management of survivors and liferaft after abandoning ship. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Actions required after leaving the vessel are explained focussing on why each is necessary. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Actions after leaving ship may include but are not limited to clear away from ship, marshal liferaft, recover persons from water, tend to injured or sick, take stock of rations and water, secure pyrotechnics, stream the drogue, assign duties to boats crew, set watches, take measures to maintain morale.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The actions required once away from the vessel are explained with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Actions required once away from the ship may include but are not limited to distribution of rations and water, pooling of extra resources, control of cigarettes and alcohol, conservation of energy and avoidance of de-hydration, craft remaining together and in the vicinity of the foundering, use pyrotechnics in regard to aircraft or ships.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Locating devices are used according to manufacturer's specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Locating devices may include but are not limited to radios, SARTs, EPIRBs, cancelling false alarms in event of accidental activation, liferaft pyrotechnics, signalling mirror and torch.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    First aid is carried out on the survivors. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Apply first aid to survivors may include but are not limited to First Aid kit contents, immersion in water, wind chill factors, prevention by use of immersion suits and thermal protective aids, buddy warming in a rescue craft, treatment of hypothermia when rescued, mouth to mouth resuscitation and CPR, treatment for shock and control of bleeding.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The use of helicopters for rescue from ships and liferaft is described with examples of what is required of people being rescued. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Use of helicopters for rescue from ships and survival craft may include but are not limited to personal precautions to be taken in a rescue situation, no loose clothing, ranges of S.A.R helicopters in use, survivor capacity, winching techniques, dangers of foreign object debris (FOD) to the helicopter, helicopter rescue from a ship.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • The following essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.
  • An emergency situation is identified and promotes the correct response.
  • Guidance in correct operation of equipment is provided in The Code of Safe Working Practices for Seamen and The Code of Safe Working Practices for Fishermen. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems during the construction of the liferaft procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others to assist in the process of abandoning ship. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically valuate information pertaining to the survival at sea in the event of ship abandonment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively with members of a team to assist in the preparation of abandoning ship. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology to communicate with other vessels incase of an emergency. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate the world as a set of related systems where effective and open communication improves survival after abandoning ship. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    In order to contribute to the full personal development f each learner and the social and economic development of society at large, it must be the intention underlying any programme of learning to make an individual aware of the importance of being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts when abandoning ship. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58433   National Certificate: Fishing Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  59300   General Education and Training Certificate: Transport  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Dee-Bravo Training Centre 
    2. DIONYSUS SKILLS DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE PTY LTD 
    3. Learning Exchange Pty Ltd 
    4. Limadi Industrial Projects 
    5. Makwedeng Training 
    6. NOSA LOGISTICS PTY LTD 
    7. Staffing Logistics 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.