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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Mix and match paint colours 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244173  Mix and match paint colours 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Vehicle Maintenance 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People in the field of manufacturing and engineering require the skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard. The learning outcomes in this unit standard also contribute to the exit level outcomes required for various manufacturing and engineering qualifications. The learner is capable of using the necessary equipment to mix and match paint to the original colour. This will contribute to the exit level outcomes required for the National Certificate in automotive repair and maintenance at NQF Level 3 and related qualifications. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
This unit standard has been designed as part of a progression. It is one of a series of unit standards for maintaining vehicles in the field of manufacturing and engineering. It is assumed that the learner has already learned the use of engineering hand tools, power tools, workshop equipment, measuring equipment and to maintain a safe and productive working environment. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes determine the scope and level of this unit standard.

All work is performed with little or no supervision in accordance with operational, repair manual specifications and procedures and in compliance with occupational safety, health and environmental legislation. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Demonstrate knowledge of the principles of mixing and matching colours. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Principles of mixing includes colour codes, formulas, viscosity, opacity and air pressure.
  • Principles of matching include visual effects, appropriate lighting, optical illusion (flip tones) and colour spectrum. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The purpose of paint codes is described in relation to matching of colours. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Methods of mixing paint colours are explained to achieve the required colours. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Mixing of different paints is described in terms of the manner in which different substances combine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The effect of different lighting is explained in relation to observing matched colours. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Angles are explained in terms of optical illusions (flip tones) and how to overcome these. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the functions of matching and mixing equipment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Functions include the paint application, viscosity, mixing ratios, shrinking, solidifying, formula references and quantities.
  • Tools and equipment includes viscosity cups, spray guns, mixing cups, measuring sticks, scale, computer, colour profiles, manuals, sample plates, air supply and personal protective equipment. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Relevant tools and equipment are identified for specific tasks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Alternate equipment is identified that would perform similar tasks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Reasons for selecting specific tools and equipment are explained in terms of economy and quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Functions of tools and equipment are described in accordance with manufacturer specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Mix and match colours 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Mixing includes to identify the colour, formula, quantity and type of paint.
  • Matching includes sampling, comparing and tinting. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tools and equipment selected are appropriate to the task required. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Data for mixing paint colours is obtained in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Paint is mixed in accordance with workplace procedures to achieve required quantities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Paint mix is confirmed to match requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Tints added to the design mix are recorded in accordance with workplace requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Apply safety procedures during mixing and matching operations. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Safety includes using personal protective equipment, adhering to workplace procedures and disposing of hazardous materials.
  • Hazardous materials include paints, thinning and cleaning agents. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The paint is mixed without incident, accident or injury. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Equipment and tools are used in accordance with workplace and manufacturer requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    All workplace safety warnings and required actions before, during and after mixing and matching paint are adhered to. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Applicable SHE procedures are followed during the mixing and matching of paint. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Restore work area, complete and process documentation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Restoring work area includes disposal of hazardous materials, tools and equipment packed away, work area cleaned.
  • Documentation includes completing job cards, check lists and reports.
  • Reports include reports and summaries of work completed.
  • Process includes submissions according to company procedures. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The work area is restored in accordance with workplace and SHE requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment are cleaned and stored in accordance with workplace and SHE requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Consequences of not leaving the workplace in the appropriate state are explained in terms of safety hazards and production. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Documentation is completed and processed in accordance with workplace procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The reasons for various documents are explained in terms of their main functions. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Paints and materials.
  • Tools and equipment.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Paints and materials.
  • Typical problems that can be encountered during mixing and matching operations.

    Sensory cues:
  • Visual, audible, feel, smell.

    Purpose of:
  • Mixing correct colours.
  • Adhering to workplace procedures.
  • Cleaning equipment after mixing paint.
  • Testing and checking paint match to the original.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable company policies and procedures.
  • Manufacturer specifications.
  • SHE procedures.
  • Quality procedures.
  • Safety related to the use and maintenance of spray booths.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Optical illusions (flip tone).
  • Types and functions of equipment.

    Relationships, systems:
  • The effect of a mismatched colour on a vehicle. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Related to mixing different paint colours. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others:
  • When interacting with team members and colleagues during the mixing and matching process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • When working according to flat rate schedules.
  • When managing resources and my time. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • When completing and processing documentation and service reports. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • When using special service tools and equipment.
  • When using information technology. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • When I can explain and justify my actions and procedures followed. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  64409   National Certificate: Automotive Spray Painting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Central Competent Centre (Pty) Ltd (BLOEMFONTEIN) (TP) 
    2. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    3. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    4. Wide Horizon Advanced Training (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.