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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of anatomy, physiology and medical terminology relevant to medical pathology and blood transfusion 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
252396  Demonstrate knowledge of anatomy, physiology and medical terminology relevant to medical pathology and blood transfusion 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Phlebotomy Technicians 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Curative Health 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
114728  Apply knowledge of anatomy, physiology and medical terminology relevant to phlebotomy  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners credited with this unit standard will be able to carry out phlebotomy related tasks by applying the relevant knowledge of anatomy, physiology and medical terminology.

They will also be able to progress to learning skills such as the collection of blood and non-blood specimens for pathology or blood transfusion purposes. This will enable qualifying learners to fulfill their role in the phlebotomy field thus enhancing health care delivery in the country.

Learners credited with this standard will be able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of anatomy related to medical pathology and blood transfusion.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the cardio-vascular system.
  • Explain medical terminology associated with medical pathology and blood transfusion. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this qualification will have demonstrated competence in:
  • Language and communication skills at NQF Level 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of anatomy related to medical pathology and blood transfusion. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Human body systems include:
  • Integumentary, circulatory, lymphatic and immune, skeletal, muscular, nervous, respiratory, digestive, urinary, endocrine, reproductive systems. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The structure of the human cell and tissues is described using diagrams. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The body systems and their organs are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The main functions of each system are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Common diseases and associated laboratory tests for each system are identified. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the cardio-vascular system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The structure of the heart is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The cardiac cycle is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The names, structure, size and function of arteries, veins and capillaries are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Names of major arteries and veins and the names of the veins used in venepuncture only.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The composition and function of blood and the coagulation process are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Common diseases and associated laboratory tests are identified. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain medical terminology associated with medical pathology and blood transfusion. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Terminology specific to medical pathology and phlebotomy, different laboratory disciplines, their basic functions, laboratory tests, departments/sections in a hospital, health care specialities, the names and meanings of common medical investigations and procedures, medication that influences the interpretation of the results of specific laboratory tests, medical equipment and instruments. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Medical terminology relevant to medical pathology and blood transfusion is spelt and pronounced correctly. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Anatomical directional terminology is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Medical terminology is correctly used when communicating orally and in writing with patient, clients, co-workers and health care professionals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Abbreviations common to each system, to associated common diseases, to laboratory tests and relevant to the workplace where the learner is currently employed are understood and used in the correct context. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Veins suitable for the collection of blood specimens and the proximity of nerves, muscles, tendons and bones to these sites.
  • The respiratory system includes exchange of gases (internal and external).
  • Digestion: The basics of ingestion, digestion, absorption and elimination.
  • Urine formation and excretion.
  • Endocrine: Names of glands and the hormones produced.
  • Male and female reproductive system: Menstruation to be included.
  • Nervous system includes Central Nervous System (CNS) and Peripheral Nervous System (PNS).
  • Heart: Pulse and blood pressure.
  • Terminology: Names of laboratory sections, hospital departments and medical specialities. Construction of medical terms in terms of prefix, suffix and root. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information regarding the anatomy and physiology of the human body to enable one to work in the field of phlebotomy. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation to show understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the body. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 114728, "Apply knowledge of anatomy, physiology and medical terminology relevant to phlebotomy", Level 4, 6 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  59345   Further Education and Training Certificate: Phlebotomy Techniques  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HPCSA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.