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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Undertake the transportation of patients suffering from the effects of different types of aquatic incidents 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
255814  Undertake the transportation of patients suffering from the effects of different types of aquatic incidents 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Sport, Recreation & Fitness 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 02 - Culture and Arts Sport 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner achieving this unit standard will be able to take all relevant practical steps necessary to transport patients suffering from the effects of incidents experienced in the aquatic environment, so that they are rescued and receive effective after-care. In doing so, the learner will liaise with all role players who might affect the services provided including backup services, in an endeavour to ensure optimum support for the patient. The qualifying learner is expected to perform the necessary functions with responsibility, efficiency and insight.

The training of lifeguards to perform the function of ensuring optimum transport of patients will greatly benefit members of the public who engage in aquatic activities but experience incidents that threaten their well-being or life. This in turn can be expected to benefit the sports and recreation sub-fields greatly.

On achievement of this unit standard the learner will understand and be able to:
  • Identify various types of aquatic incidents a lifeguard might have to respond to.
  • Identify the characteristics, treatment and transport needs of various types of aquatic casualties.
  • Identify and explain the uses of various non-motorised aquatic rescue equipment to effect transport.
  • Respond to a patient and transport him/her to safety unaided by equipment.
  • List actions to take to prevent and manage incidents at aquatic sites. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 3.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3.
  • Basic lifeguarding skills. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Where applicable, range statements have been included under individual specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify various types of aquatic incidents a lifeguard might have to respond to. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Soft tissue injuries, cuts and contusions are described and remediation and transport explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Loss of consciousness from various caused is described and analysed and remediation and transport explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Cramp, exhaustion, hypothermia and hyperthermia are described and remediation and transport explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Spinal and other skeletal injuries are described and their implications for treatment and transport are analysed and explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify the characteristics, treatment and transport needs of various types of aquatic casualties. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The characteristic problems of non-swimmers and weak swimmers are listed and explained in terms of lifeguarding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The characteristic needs of injured swimmers are identified and explained in terms of lifeguarding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Problems attendant on unconscious patients due to uncertain causes are analysed and related to lifeguarding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Issues attendant on an identified drowning casualty are analysed and related to lifeguarding. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify and explain the uses of various non-motorised aquatic rescue equipment to effect transport. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The use of a rescue tube, throwing buoy and rescue board are illustrated in a practical demonstration. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A rescue tube recovery is performed, with securing and support to aid a person in distress in the water. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A board rescue is performed, with securing and supporting of the person in distress in the water. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Respond to a patient and transport him/her to safety unaided by equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A one-person drag rescue is performed by one person using standard techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A carry by two persons is performed over a flat area the size normally encountered. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A carry by two persons involving the negotiation of obstructions is undertaken in a natural setting. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    List actions to take to prevent and manage incidents at aquatic sites. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An action plan is drawn up to prevent a range of typical incidents at the aquatic facility or site. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    An action plan is drawn up to provide survival support and first aid at the aquatic facility or site. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    An action plan is drawn up to provide effective transport in and outside the aquatic facility or site. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed against this unit standard (including through RPL) may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance body (ETQA), or one with an appropriate memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, or one with an appropriate MOU with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard, or assessing this unit standard, must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA, or one with an appropriate MOU with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA, or one with an appropriate MOU with the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Various types of aquatic incidents a lifeguard might have to respond to.
  • The characteristics, treatment and transport needs of various types of aquatic casualties.
  • The uses of various non-motorised aquatic rescue equipment to effect transport.
  • Transport of a patient to safety unaided by equipment.
  • Actions to take to prevent and manage incidents at aquatic sites. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    A great deal of self organisation and discipline is required to ensure the optimum performance of transport techniques by the lifeguard. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information-review. Information evaluation is embodied in the research of information and identification of needs related to the management of transport. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication is essential with members of the support team and public in the discharge of transport duties, and the ability to communicate is likely to be well exercised and developed by the learner. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Appropriate use of science and technology. The learner can be expected to develop competence in the use of communication and transport equipment upon which the discharge of effective services depends. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Inter-relatedness of systems. This is achieved by analysing the way in which many different tasks are brought together with the common purpose of ensuring effective performance of support and transport by the lifeguard. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Personal development through responsible citizenship. Lifesaving is fundamentally directed to a display of responsible citizenship, and ensuring an effective transport service is consistent with the tradition. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  61509   Further Education and Training Certificate: Lifeguarding  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.