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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of regulation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
257241  Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of regulation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Engineering 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The purpose of this unit standard is to provide learners with knowledge of the principles of regulation within the energy industry.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Identify and describe the criteria of licensing conditions for a regulated industry.
  • Identify and explain the economic regulation principles embedded in the industry Acts. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 4.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The following regulated industries are applicable to achieving this unit standard:
  • Electricity regulated industry.
  • Gas regulated industry.
  • Petroleum regulated industry. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify and describe the criteria of licensing conditions for a regulated industry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The necessity of a legal framework is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The intention of licence conditions are identified (Range: Security of supply, Competition, Promotion of investment, Public safety, environmental issues, Promotion of HDSA). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The licensing rules are explained to a prospective applicant in a pre-applicant meeting. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The role of the public display document is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    In the context of PAIA.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The adequacy of an application is assessed with reference to the minimum information guidelines. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The processes the applications will follow, before being granted, with details on timeframes, are described to the prospective applicant. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The elements of a submission for a licence application are described. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify and explain the economic regulation principles embedded in the industry Acts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The differences between various methods of economic regulation are described and the key features of each methodology are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The necessary research to establish a price control mechanism is performed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A price review for the industry is planned. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    An application of a price control is evaluated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Areas of overlapping jurisdiction are identified and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Consumer rights and obligations embedded in the industry Acts are identified and explained. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a MOU with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a MOU with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Licensing rules.
  • Confidentiality issues.
  • Application adequacy.
  • Licence consideration procedures.
  • Licensing application submissions.
  • Approaches to economic regulation: Benchmarking, rate of return regulation, incentive based regulation.
  • Revenue requirement.
  • Cost of capital.
  • Regulatory asset base.
  • Prudently incurred expenditure.

    Critical factors and functions relating to the process:
  • Safety, health and risk management requirements.
  • Achieving specified production requirements.
  • Emergency procedures.
  • Security requirements.
  • Specified communication requirements.

    Communication:
  • Reporting requirements and ability to communicate effectively.
  • Communication with relevant personnel.
  • Liason with associated operations and personnel.

    Processes and events:
  • Process flow and interlock systems.
  • Factors affecting the performance of the process.

    Causes and effects (Safety and Health):
  • Use of personal protective equipment.
  • Use of tools and equipment and safe working practices.
  • Condition of safety devices.
  • Utilisation of process equipment and consumables.
  • Workplace hazards and associated risks.
  • Environmental issues and mitigating actions.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Methods of collecting and analysing, organising, summarising and presenting data.
  • Fault finding and correction technique.
  • Quality related procedures.
  • Operating procedure.
  • Emergency procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies and standards:
  • Safety, health and environmental legislation and regulations.
  • Quality policies, standards and agreements.
  • Relevant clauses from applicable acts and regulations.
  • Adhering to codes of practice. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organizing and critically evaluating information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contributing to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large, by making it the underlying intention of any programme of learning to make an individual aware of the importance of:
  • Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively.
  • Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities.
  • Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts.
  • Exploring education and career opportunities.
  • Developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember, we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence of the prescribed type and quality as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate is able to achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well-documented principles of assessment, namely appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Supplementary Information:

    The following legislation is central to the Unit Standard:
  • National Energy Regulator Act.
  • Electricity Act.
  • Gas Act.
  • Petroleum Pipelines Act.
  • Energy Regulation Act.

    Regulatory:
  • Gas Regulator.
  • Petroleum Pipelines Authority.
  • The National Energy Regulator. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  63209   National Certificate: Energy Regulation  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. DINALEDI MANAGEMENT AND SERVICES 
    2. ENERGY TRAINING FOUNDATION (ENFT) 
    3. KP ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.