SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Diagnose paint defects 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
260157  Diagnose paint defects 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Vehicle Maintenance 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People in the field of manufacturing and engineering require the skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard. The learning outcomes in this unit standard also contribute to the exit level outcomes required for various manufacturing and engineering qualifications. The learner is capable of identifying the source of paint defects and possible solutions.

This unit standard has been designed as part of a progression and is a compulsory unit standard for a spray painter at NQF Level 4. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
This unit standard is one of a series of unit standards for spray painting vehicles in the field of manufacturing and engineering. It is assumed that the learner is already competent to:
  • Polish automotive painted panels.
  • Perform a pre-delivery quality assurance inspection. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The following range information is applicable to the entire unit standard:
  • All work is performed autonomously according to workplace and workshop manual specifications and occupational safety, health and environmental legislation.
  • Paint defects include those found on newly painted panels and old painted panels, such as dust spots, fish eyes, paint runs, pin holes, orange peel, cracking, peeling, lack of gloss and off-colour.

    Additional range information is provided at specific outcomes and assessment criteria as necessary. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of paint defects. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Paint defects are identified and classified according to type and severity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Potential causes of paint defects are described in terms of how defects originate. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The location of the defect is explained in terms of the analysis of the cause of the defect. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Methods of repairing defects are described according to the type of defect identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The importance of correctly diagnosing a paint defect is described in relation to the selected repair method and risk of reoccurrence. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify cause of paint defects. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The defect is identified through either visual or touch analysis. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The cause of the defect is classified into broad categories. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Categories include workmanship, faulty equipment, faulty material, contamination and off-colour.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The source of the cause is identified from a detailed analysis. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Source includes contaminant in pipeline, dust in filters, lint on clothing, incorrect airline pressure or insufficient cleaning.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Make recommendations to repair defects. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Recommendations include polish, repaint or spot repair. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Recommendations made are appropriate to the type and severity of the defect. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Repairs are allocated to an applicable process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Actions taken to prevent reoccurrence of the defect are appropriate to the identified cause. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Products and processes recommended are appropriate to the substrate. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Repair processes identified are likely to lead to the repair matching the rest of the vehicle. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Apply safety procedures during the analysis process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Paint defects are identified without incident, accident or injury. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Equipment and tools are used in accordance with workplace and manufacturer requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    All workplace safety warnings and required actions before, during and after analysis are adhered to. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Hazardous materials are disposed of in accordance with workplace and legislative requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hazardous materials include cleaning agents and solvents.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Applicable SHE procedures are followed during the analysing processes. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    SHE procedures include using personal protective equipment and adhering to workplace requirements.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Restore work area, complete and process documentation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The work area is restored in accordance with workplace and SHE requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Restoring work area includes packing away of tools and equipment and cleaning the work area.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment are cleaned and stored in accordance with workplace and SHE requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Consequences of not leaving the workplace in the appropriate state are explained in terms of safety hazards and production. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Documentation is completed and processed in accordance with workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Documentation includes completing job cards, check lists and reports.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The importance of recording defect causes is explained in terms of quality control and tracking repairs conducted on a vehicle. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The reasons for various documents are explained in terms of their main functions. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:
  • How to use Personal Protective Equipment.
  • How to identify paint defects.
  • Methods of rectifying paint defects.
  • Causes of paint defects.
  • Sources of causes of paint defects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note:
  • The ability of the candidate to identify problems relating to paint defects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note:
  • The ability of the candidate to interact with other people in the workshop. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note:
  • The ability of the candidate to conduct analyses in a responsible manner and not cause unnecessary disruption to other work processes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note:
  • The ability of the candidate to identify causes of paint defects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note:
  • The ability of the candidate to complete relevant reports and job cards. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Note:
  • The ability of the candidate to use relevant equipment to assist in diagnosing paint defects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note:
  • The ability of the candidate to identify the cause and effect of paint defects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  64411   Further Education and Training Certificate: Automotive Spray Painting  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  64409   National Certificate: Automotive Spray Painting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Central Competent Centre (Pty) Ltd (BLOEMFONTEIN) (TP) 
    2. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    3. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    4. Wide Horizon Advanced Training (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.