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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Use radar and automatic radar plotting aids to maintain safety of navigation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
261009  Use radar and automatic radar plotting aids to maintain safety of navigation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Maritime Defence 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Sovereignty of the State 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended for learners within the Maritime Sector who work/wish to work as an officer on the bridge of a ship. This Unit Standard meets the needs of the sub-field and of the society by providing competent maritime officers who by navigate using radar and automatic radar plotting aids; contribute to a safer environment on the ship and at sea. The learner successfully completing this Unit Standard will gain essential knowledge and practical skills in planning and executing of a safe navigational passage.

The competencies achieved by the learner in this Unit Standard will, in the case of the Merchant Navy and the Fishing Industry, contribute to the economic upliftment of the country, and in the case of the South African Navy, contribute the preservation of human life and the defence of South African warships, territorial waters and/or area of responsibility, thus providing a safer and secure society for South African citizens.

Learners credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Apply an understanding of a maritime radar set.
  • Use marine radar set to detect contacts and promote safe navigation.
  • Use an automatic radar plotting aid to maintain safe navigation. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that the learner has the following knowledge and skills:
  • Communication at NQF Level 4.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Apply an understanding of a maritime radar set. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An explanation is given of the basic principles of radar with reference to electromagnetic wave propagation and echoes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    An explanation is given of the major components of radar set in terms of their positioning and function. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A display on the radar screen is set up by applying the correct identification and sequence of control settings. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Factors are identified which affect the performance and accuracy of radar. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Methods are identified of detecting misrepresentation of information. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Misrepresentation includes but not limited to false echoes, sea state effect returns from radar beacon and search and rescue transponders.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Use a marine radar set to detect contacts and promote safe navigation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Use includes an ability to operate, interpret and analyse information obtained, taking into account factors affecting performance and accuracy; and setting up and maintaining the display on the set. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Radar equipment is operated according to basic principles under the operational guidance for officers in charge of a navigational watch. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The radar set is set according to operating procedures and prevailing circumstances and conditions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Set refers to tuning and range setting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Plotting techniques are applied to determine range, bearing, course and speed of other ships in the vicinity, time and distance of closest point of approach and the approach distance of crossing or overtaking ships. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Contacts are accurately detected and interpreted for use in safe navigation and avoiding action in terms of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Interpretation includes but not limited to detecting course and speed changes of other ships and effect of changes in own ship's course or speed or both.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Relative and true motion concepts are demonstrated with respect to their selection in areas of multiple or scarce targets and proximity of a coastline. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Relative includes stabilised and unstabilised.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Use of radar for navigation in confined or coastal waters, including parallel index techniques, is demonstrated in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Misinterpreted information is responded to in terms of its implications on safe navigation. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Use an automatic radar plotting aid to maintain safe navigation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An explanation is given of the basic principles in terms of implications for safe navigation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Basic principles refer to operation, system performance, accuracy, errors and possible causes and facilities.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Operational controls are adjusted for optimum display. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Present data is used to acquire a contact in both automatic and manual modes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A trial manoeuvre for vessels which are threatening a close quarter's situation is evaluated by the demonstration of a proposed course of action. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • International Maritime Organisation Performance Standards.
  • Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGS), 1972, as amended.
  • Safety of Life At Sea Convention, as amended.
  • Seafarer's Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Convention, as amended.
  • SOLAS Convention (specifically Chapter V).
  • Merchant Shipping Notices.
  • Marine Radar Performance Specifications.
  • Automatic Radar Plotting Aids Performance Specifications.
  • Reports of Courts of Marine Enquiry relevant to safe navigation.
  • Marine Accident Investigation Bureau reports relevant to safe navigation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Using marine radar set to detect contacts and promote safe navigation.
  • Using an automatic radar plotting aid to maintain safe navigation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
  • The use of marine radar set to detect contacts and promote safe navigation.
  • The use of an automatic radar plotting aid to maintain safe navigation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively when:
  • Using marine radar set to detect contacts and promote safe navigation.
  • Using an automatic radar plotting aid to maintain safe navigation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • Maritime radar. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
  • Using marine radar set to detect contacts and promote safe navigation.
  • Using an automatic radar plotting aid to maintain safe navigation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
  • Using marine radar set to detect contacts and promote safe navigation.
  • Using an automatic radar plotting aid to maintain safe navigation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    The following scope and context applies to the whole unit standard:
  • Seafarer's Training, Certification and Watchkeeping and South African Maritime Safety Authority Code - Table A-II/1 - use of radar and Automatic Radar Plotting Aids to maintain safety of navigation. South African Maritime Safety Authority Code - Merchant Shipping (Training and Certification) Amendment Regulations, 2006 - Part 2AA Electronic Navigation Systems; Chartwork - Plan and conduct a safe passage. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  64929   National Certificate: Vessel Safety Practices  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.