SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of engineering materials and processes 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
263013  Demonstrate an understanding of engineering materials and processes 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Civil Engineering Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Physical Planning, Design and Management 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
14485  Demonstrate an understanding of engineering materials, heat treatment and machinery  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The qualifying learner will acquire the necessary knowledge to understand the nature of ferrous and non-ferrous metals and alloys as well as thermo-plastic and thermosetting plastics. An understanding of the elements, characteristics and properties of each of these essential engineering materials will form the basis of an understanding of their industrial uses. The qualifying learner will be able to apply this knowledge of engineering materials to engineering machining processes.

The qualifying learner will be capable of:
  • Explaining the nature and use of ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
  • Explaining the nature and use of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys.
  • Explaining the nature and use of thermo-plastic and thermosetting plastics.
  • Explaining machining principles and processes in engineering. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 3.
  • Mathematical literacy at NQF Level 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the nature and use of ferrous and non-ferrous metals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The influence of carbon on cast iron and steel is explained in terms of their elements and reactions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The classification of various types of iron and steel is explained according to the periodic table. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The chief properties and uses of cast iron and steel are listed in accordance with standard industry practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The processes applied to steel by heat treatment are explained in accordance with standard industry practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of processes include, but is not limited to:
  • Heating, quenching, hardening, tempering, annealing, normalising and case hardening.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The properties and uses of non-ferrous metals are described in accordance with standard industry definitions. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the nature and use of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The effects of elements when alloyed with steel are described in terms of their properties and reactions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The composition and properties of various alloys are explained according to their uses and standard industry definitions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The composition and properties of non-ferrous alloys are explained according to their uses and standard industry definitions. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain the nature and use of thermo-plastic and thermosetting plastics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The characteristics of thermoplastics are explained in relation to their uses and standard industry definitions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The characteristics of thermosetting plastics are explained according to their uses and standard industry definitions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The advantages and disadvantages of plastics are explained according to their uses in engineering. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain machining principles and processes in engineering. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Machining processes that comprise various engineering machines is explained in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A simple freehand drawing and description is produced indicating various machining processes in required format and time frames. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Casting and forging processes are defined in accordance with standard industry definitions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The nature and purpose of the International Standards Organisation (ISO) are explained in relation to limits and fits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Conventional representation of machining terms are defined according to organizational requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The tables for selecting limits and fits for holes and shafts are explained and applied in line with organisational requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • External Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • The accredited Training Provider will oversee internal moderation of assessment.
  • Internal and external moderation should encompass achievement of competence described in the specific outcomes of the unit standard as well as the integrated competence described in the purpose of the unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The qualifying learner will be able to understand and explain relevant aspects of the following:
  • Ferrous and non-ferrous metals and alloys.
  • Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics.
  • Machining principles and processes in engineering.
  • Techniques for using and calculating limits of sizes by making use of ISO tables.
  • International Standards Organisation (ISO) terminology for limits and fits. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems related to the calculations of limits and fits for holes and shafts using the ISO table in which responses display that critical thinking is used for responsible decision making. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization or community in maintaining safety and quality in machining processes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively in determining the machining processes involved in a specific job. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information pertaining to ferrous and non-ferrous metals and alloys, plastics and machining. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology to assist in determining machining and International Standards Organisation (ISO) tolerances. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 14485, "Demonstrate an understanding of engineering materials, heat treatment and machinery", Level 5, 6 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  66071   Further Education and Training Certificate: Computer Aided Drawing Office Practice (CAD)  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AFRICAN ACAD.FOR COM.ASSIS.ENGINEERING 
    2. CAD4ALL Design Training and Software cc 
    3. CTU Training Solutions 
    4. Gola Institute of Engineering 
    5. Inisys Africa Bim Solutions Pty Ltd 
    6. istudent Academy (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.