SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Analyse energy consumption data 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
263905  Analyse energy consumption data 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Engineering 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  15 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for persons in the Engineering, Construction and Energy Sectors.

This unit standard will contribute to the full development of the learner within the engineering, construction and energy environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of Physical Planning and Construction. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the engineering, construction and energy environment.

A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Collect and measure energy consumption data.
  • Analyse energy tariffs.
  • Analyse the demand profile.
  • Analyse an electrical load inventory.
  • Analyse a thermal load inventory.
  • Identify and select instrumentation for energy audits.
  • Calculate energy density.
  • Assess costs and benefits. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 5.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 5.
  • A working knowledge of energy use in buildings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Collect and measure energy consumption data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Data sources are identified in terms of measured, historical and existing data. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Data sources include but are not limited to:
  • Historical energy consumption data, building configuration, metered energy consumption, weather data, nameplate data.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Measurement techniques are identified and explained in terms of how the method works and the information accessed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Techniques include but are not limited to:
  • Periodic utility meter readings, recording clip-on ammeter measurements, basic recording power meter, multi-channel recording power meters, facility energy management or SCADA system, a dedicated monitoring system.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Measurement techniques are identified and explained in terms of cost, simplicity and data quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Measurement techniques are used correctly in terms of the manufacturer's specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Analyse energy tariffs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Energy sources are identified in terms of calorific values. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Energy sources include but are not limited to:
  • Propane, bunker coil, oil, wood, natural gas and electricity.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Electricity tariffs are understood and explained in terms of information on the bill. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Electricity consumption data is tabulated and analysed in terms the load factor and the utilisation factor. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Electricity consumption data is analysed in terms of a graphical representation of historical energy use patterns. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Analyse the demand profile. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The demand profile is obtained using the most appropriate measuring technique available. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The demand profile is processed in both tabular and graphical format. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The demand profile is interpreted in terms of abrupt changes, the top three peak demands, repeated patterns, flat sections, dips during peak periods and maximum demand level. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The demand profile is assessed and possible opportunities for savings are identified in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Analyse an electrical load inventory. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An electrical load inventory is compiled in accordance with accepted standard operating practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The electrical load inventory calculations are carried out and tabulated in terms of the peak demand and energy values. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The electrical load inventory data is graphically represented in terms of the distribution of demand and energy consumption. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The electrical load inventory is reconciled with the utility bills in terms of the peak demand and energy. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Analyse a thermal load inventory. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A thermal energy flow diagram is compiled in accordance with accepted standard operating practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Thermal energy flows are identified and described in terms of energy flow types. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Energy flow types include:
  • Conduction, airflow -sensible, airflow - latent, pipe heat loss, tank heat loss, refrigeration system output heat, steam leaks and vents.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The thermal energy flow estimations and calculations are carried out and tabulated in accordance with the energy use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The thermal energy load inventory data is quantified and represented in terms of the energy balance. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Identify and select instrumentation for energy audits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Measurement for energy auditing is described in terms of accuracy and precision. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Spot and recording measurements are compared in terms of representative data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Instrumentation for power measurement is identified, selected and used in terms of the best option for the type of measurements required. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Instrumentation for energy-auditing purposes are identified, selected and used in accordance with the application. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Instrumentation includes but is not limited to:
  • Combustion analysers, light meters, temperature measurements, humidity measurements, airflow measurements, tachometers, data loggers, and hour counters.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
    Calculate energy density. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Energy density is calculated by correlating the energy consumption for heating to weather in terms of the "Degree Days" method. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Energy density is calculated by correlating the energy consumption for cooling to weather in terms of the "Degree Days" method. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Energy density is calculated by correlating the energy consumption to weather in terms of the "Temperature Bins" method. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Energy consumption is correlated using M&T in terms of HDDs and CDDs, occupancy and other relevant factors. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 8 
    Assess costs and benefits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Energy savings initiatives are evaluated in terms of their benefits and costs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Savings are calculated in terms of energy savings, demand savings, block size savings, thermal fuel savings and indirect fuel savings. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Costs are calculated in terms of all capital expenditure to implement energy saving measures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Greenhouse gas reductions are calculated and interpreted in terms of energy savings. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Efficient use of energy.
  • Energy efficient lights, appliances and equipment.
  • Implementation of technology for energy savings.
  • Types of energy flow.
  • How to conduct energy measurements.
  • How to interpret energy measurements.
  • Energy flow. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify potential barriers and practical problems and solve them to enable the energy audit to be carried out. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Understand and manage the energy audit process. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Describe how energy management opportunities can be carried out. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Identify, design and implement technology solutions for energy efficiency. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand the global impact of the efficient use of energy in terms of emission mitigation. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information:

    Specified requirements include legal and legislative specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:
  • OSH Act.
  • SANS standards and codes.
  • The South African Building Regulations.
  • IES Lighting Standards.
  • ASHRAE Standards.
  • User manuals supplied by manufacturers.
  • Specifications, agreements, policies and procedures of the relevant organisation.
  • Good Practise in South Africa. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  63209   National Certificate: Energy Regulation  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.