SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Apply energy management methodologies to fans and pumps 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
263934  Apply energy management methodologies to fans and pumps 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Engineering 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for persons in the Engineering, Construction and Energy Sectors.

This unit standard will contribute to the full development of the learner within the engineering, construction and energy environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of Physical Planning and Construction. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the engineering, construction and energy environment.

A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Define and explain fan operating principles.
  • Analyse fan performance.
  • Identify fan energy management opportunities.
  • Explain pump operating principles.
  • Identify pump energy management opportunities. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 5.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 5.
  • A working knowledge of energy use in buildings.
  • A working knowledge of electricity. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Define and explain fan operating principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Fans are defined and explained in terms of their operating principles and performance charts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Fans include but is not limited to:
  • Fans, blowers, axial fans centrifugal fans, forward curved, backward inclined, airfoil, radial blade, propeller fans, tubeaxial fans and vaneaxial fans.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Fans are defined and explained in terms of their physical characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Fans are defined and explained in terms of their performance characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Fans are defined and explained in terms of their uses. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Analyse fan performance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Airflow units are explained in terms of air flow evaluation calculations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Airflow units include but is not limited to:
  • Velocity, temperature, velocity pressure, barometric pressure, equation constants, volume airflow rate and duct area.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Fan performance units are explained in terms of air flow evaluation calculations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Fan performance units include but is not limited to:
  • Total differential pressure, static pressure at outlet, velocity pressure at outlet, static pressure at inlet, velocity pressure at inlet, total fan static differential pressure theoretical power required, airflow, total pressure.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Pitot tube flow measurements are carried out at round duct and square duct measurement points. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Fan performance curves are explained in terms of air flow and pressure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Standard Atmospheric Data for Altitudes and Psychrometric Charts are explained and applied in order to determine fan performance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Fan laws are explained and applied in terms of fan performance analysis. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    System effect factors are explained and applied in terms of fan performance analysis. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify fan energy management opportunities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Energy management opportunities are identified in relation to fan maintenance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Maintenance refers to but is not limited to:
  • Rotation checks, belt checks, lubrication, cleaning, noise and vibration checks, leak checks, filter replacement and an annual maintenance program.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Low cost and retrofit opportunities are identified as possible fan energy management opportunities. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Low cost and retrofit opportunities refers to but is not limited to:
  • Fan speed optimisation, inlet and outlet optimisation, fan shut down opportunities, variable speed operation, dated equipment replacement, oversize motor replacement and microprocessor control.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Air flow control options are understood and analysed in terms of variable demand, energy use and cost. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Fan energy management opportunities are analysed and quantified in terms of cost savings and return on investment. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain pump operating principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Pumps are defined and explained in terms of their operating characteristics, type classifications and performance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Pumps types include but is not limited to:
  • Centrifugal pumps; Radial flow and axial flow.
  • Positive displacemen; Rotary and reciprocating.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Pump operating principles are described in terms of flow and head, and pump law evaluation calculations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Units include but is not limited to:
  • General; Head of fluid, equivalent pressure, specific gravity, velocity head, fluid velocity and gravity.
  • Centrifugal pump affinity laws; Impeller diameter, pump speed, fluid density, flow rate, total head and power.
  • Positive displacement pump laws; Pump speed, fluid density, flow rate, total head and power.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Pump power requirements are determined for various situations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Units include but are not limited to:
  • Theoretical power required to move water at 100% efficiency, given liquid flow rate, given total pump pressure, conversion units, pump efficiency, belt drive efficiency, motor efficiency and overall efficiency.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Multiple pump systems are analysed in terms of their combined curves. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Cavitation is explained in terms of potential damage and energy loss. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Pump seals are explained in terms of leakage and energy loss. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Identify pump energy management opportunities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Energy management opportunities are identified in terms of pump maintenance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Maintenance refers to but is not limited to:
  • Packing gland check, critical tolerances check, drive adjustments, pump impeller cleaning, shutting down unused pumps and annual maintenance program.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Low cost and retrofit opportunities are identified as possible pump energy management opportunities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Liquid flow control options are understood and analysed in terms of variable demand, energy use and cost. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Pump energy management opportunities are analysed and quantified in terms of cost savings and payback. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Efficient use of energy.
  • Energy efficient lights, appliances and equipment.
  • Implementation of technology for energy savings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify potential barriers and practical problems and solve them to enable the energy audit to be carried out. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Understand and manage the energy audit process. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Describe how energy management opportunities can be carried out. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Identify, design and implement technology solutions for energy efficiency. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand the global impact of the efficient use of energy in terms emission mitigation. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information:

    Specified requirements include legal and legislative specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:
  • OSH Act.
  • SANS standards and codes.
  • The South African Building Regulations.
  • IES Lighting Standards.
  • ASHRAE Standards.
  • User manuals supplied by manufacturers.
  • Specifications, agreements, policies and procedures of the relevant organisation.
  • Good Practise in South Africa. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  63209   National Certificate: Energy Regulation  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.