SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of basic operating principles and concepts related to waste water treatment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
365262  Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of basic operating principles and concepts related to waste water treatment 
ORIGINATOR
Task Team - Industrial Water Treatment 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Persons credited with this unit standard are able to explain basic operating principles of valves, pumps, filters, screens and strainers and pipes and pipe fittings. They will also be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of basic lubrication principles and knowledge and understanding of general operating routines and activities in water treatment. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
N/A 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Explain the basic operating principles of valves. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Basic application theories and purpose of valves are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Opening and closing principles of Valves are explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Extend of opening and closing, sequential operation and screw down non-returns.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Typical Valve configurations are identified and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Isolating/Regulating Valves, bypass Valve configurations and balance lines.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Valve Lubrication principles are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
Typical actuators associated with Valve operations are identified. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Electric hydraulic and pneumatic.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Explain basic operating principles of pumps. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Basic application theories and purpose of pumps are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Typical pump configurations are identified and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Parallel and series
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Valve configurations for starting and stopping of pumps are identified. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Centrifugal and positive displacement pumps
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Pump operating principles are explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Priming, venting, draining and suction head.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
Typical drives associated with pumps are identified and explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Explain basic operating principles of filters, screens and strainers. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Basic application theories and purpose of Filters, Screens and Strainers are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Typical configurations of Filters, Screens and Strainers are identified and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Parallel and series.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Differential pressure over Filters, Screens and Strainers are identified and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Care and Cleaning Principles for Filters, Screens and Strainers are explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Cleaning, changing and charging principles.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Explain principles of pipes and pipe fittings. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The purpose for colour coding of pipe work is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The purpose of typical pipe configurations is explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Expansion loops, Manifolds and headers.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Fittings associated with pipe work are explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Expansion joints, flanges, tundishes and pressure release.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Basic operating principles related to pipe work are identified and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Draining, venting and charging.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of basic lubrication principles. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The purpose of Lubricating plant and equipment is identified and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The importance of maintaining correct Lubrication levels is explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Over filling and under filling.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Reasons for the application of Greases and/or Oils are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The effect of over heating and water, on Lubrication is explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
General Housekeeping standards related to Lubricants are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of general operating routines and activities. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The importance of performing general operating activities on Plant and Equipment are explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Inspections, routines, work orders and plant checks.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The importance of reporting and recording of out of normal plant and safety conditions are identified and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The application of the five senses to perform trouble shooting on plant and equipment is explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Use of hearing, smelling, feeling, tasting and sight.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Dangers and precautions when cleaning plant and equipment are identified and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Movement, electrical and falling objects.
 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through Recognition of Prior Learning) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Operating Principles of Valves.
  • Operating Principles of Pumps.
  • Operating Principles of Filters ,Screens and Strainers.
  • Principles of Pipes and Pipe Fittings.
  • Basic Lubrication Principles.
  • General Operating.
  • Routines and Activities.
  • Safety and regulatory requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems associated with malfunctioning of plant equipment in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made to meet organisational goals and objectives. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization and community in order maintain good working relationship with internal and external customers in an industrial waste processing environment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Planning, organizing and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively to ensure coherence with organizational schedules. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analyzing, organizing and critically evaluating information relating to meter readings and process control. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the form of oral and/or written presentation to report relevant information to supervisors. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically to understand the functioning of an industrial waste water plant equipment and instrumentation showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation by observing the importance of industrial waste water processing plant operational principles. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  77163   National Certificate: Industrial Water Treatment Support System Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.