SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Blast a misfire in a development end during the shift 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
9695  Blast a misfire in a development end during the shift 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2007-04-03  2007-08-16  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-08-16   2011-08-16  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
244465  Blast a misfired hole in a development end during the shift  Level 2  NQF Level 02   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is useful for people who have the responsibility of blasting a misfired hole in a development end during the shift.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain the specified requirements for blasting a misfired hole in a development end during the shift
  • Prepare to blast a misfired hole in a development end during the shift
  • Blast a misfired hole in a development end during the shift 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Follow basic health and safety practices underground 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the specified requirements pertaining to the blasting of a misfired hole in a development end during the shift. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The associated risks related to workplace hazards pertaining to the blasting of a misfired hole during the shift are explained according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Associated risks must include those for:
  • Unsafe ground conditions.
  • Inadequate support.
  • Inadequate ventilation.
  • Accumulation of gases.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The associated risks related to workplace hazards pertaining to the blasting of a misfired hole during the shift are explained according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Associated risks must include those for:
  • Working with explosives.
  • Blasting during the shift.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The basic principles of operating of a shot exploder are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The specified requirements regarding the action to be taken should the charge misfire or fails to explode within the specified time limit, and the effects to health, safety and production if the specified requirements are not adhered to, are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to blast a misfired hole in a development end. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Personal protective equipment is available, fit for purpose, and used according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The required tools, material and equipment are available, functional and fit for purpose according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Communication related to the blast is conducted in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Permission to blast.
  • Notification of blast.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The area where a misfired hole is to be blasted is examined for workplace hazards and those found are dealt with in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Unsafe ground conditions.
  • Inadequate support.
  • Inadequate ventilation conditions.
  • Accumulation of gases.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Precautions taken to prevent inadvertent entry into the area to be blasted, exposure of persons to blasting fumes and dust, and damage due to blasting are according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Explosives and accessories are transported to the designated area in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Quantity.
  • Type.
  • Securing.
  • Method of transporting.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The consequences for health, safety and production, should the specified requirements not be adhered to while preparing to blast a misfired hole in a development end during the shift, are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Tools and equipment.
  • Examination of workplace and dealing with workplace hazards.
  • Precautions taken to prevent inadvertent entry.
  • Transport of explosives and accessories.
  • Permission for and notification of blasting.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Blast a misfired hole in a development end during the shift. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The misfired hole is blasted in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • The filling of holes with explosives.
  • Quantity per hole.
  • Method of charging and tamping.
  • Connecting and initiating.
  • Precautions taken to prevent injuries and property damage.
  • Use of tools and equipment.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Excess explosives are transported and stored in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Type.
  • Quantity.
  • Securing.
  • Method of transporting.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Work-related hazards associated with the handling of explosives required to charge a misfired hole, are dealt with in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • Working with explosives.
  • Blasting during the shift.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Tools and equipment are cleaned and stored for subsequent use and those that are defective, are dealt with in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Interpersonal interaction is positive, consistent with specified requirements, promotes effective teamwork and avoids dysfunctional conflict. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Reports are completed and submitted in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The consequences for health, safety and production are explained, should the specified requirements not be adhered to when blasting a misfired hole in a development end. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Must include:
  • The transporting and storing of excess explosives.
  • Dealing with work-related hazards.
  • The use of tools and equipment.
  • The cleaning and storing of tools and equipment.
  • Interpersonal interaction.
  • The submission of reports.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The embedded knowledge required for this unit standard is found in Specific Outcome 1. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note: The ability of the candidate to identify sub-standard and hazardous conditions, assess and take appropriate action. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note: The ability and willingness of the candidate to accept and interpret work instructions correctly. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note: The ability of the candidate to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his / her intentions and assistance required. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note: The ability of the candidate to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and / or language skills in the modes of oral and / or written presentations.

    Note: The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his / her proficiency in effective communication. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Note: The use of science and technology is not relevant for this unit standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note: The ability of the candidate to identify and refer anomalous behaviour to a specialist confirms understanding that a specific observation, inference, action or decision can have a devastating effect. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 244465, which is "Blast a misfired hole in a development end during the shift", Level 2, 3 credits.

    Terminology:

    Specified requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:
  • Legal:

    > Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act no 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act no 50/1991)
    > Mandatory Codes of Practice
    > SABS and other relevant Standards
    > Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives
  • Site specific:

    > Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA)
    > Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme
    > Managerial Instructions
    > Mine Standard Procedures
    > List of Recorded OH&S Risks
    > Working Guides
    > Equipment and Materials Specifications

    Notes to assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Unit standard justification:

    Level:
  • Attribute: Skills; Level: 2; Justification: The skills that are required show some variety, but are still fairly simple.
  • Attribute: Procedures; Level: 2; Justification: Although the procedure is known and familiar (as in Level 1), it is not as repetitive.
  • Attribute: Context; Level: 2; Justification: Although the process could occur in different contexts, these contexts are repeatedly applicable and known to the candidate.
  • Attribute: Knowledge; Level: 2; Justification: The knowledge that is required is related to the operation and no theory therefore needs to be applied.
  • Attribute: Information processing; Level: 2; Justification: Information is readily available but some processing is required.
  • Attribute: Problem solving; Level: 2; Justification: A degree of judgement has to be applied.
  • Attribute: Orientation of activities; Level: 3; Justification: Instructions are to be followed, but there is some autonomy to make own decisions and hand down instructions.
  • Attribute: Orientation of scope of responsibility; Level: 2; Justification: Candidate has some responsibility for quantity and quality.
  • Attribute: Application of responsibility; Level: 3; Justification: Candidate's output is checked for quality on a random basis.
  • Average level: 20/9 = 2.2
  • Actual level assigned: 2

    Credits:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:
  • Activity: Classroom teaching; Hours: 10
  • Activity: On-the-job training; Hours: 18
  • Total: 28
  • Credits Achieved: 28/10 = 2.8
  • Actual Credits Assigned: 3 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49014   National Certificate: Rockbreaking: Underground Hard Rock  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  Was MQA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    2. CONCOR PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    3. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    4. FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 
    5. HARMONY GOLD MINING CO LTD 
    6. NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 
    7. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 
    8. SENZEKO EXECUTIVE RISK CC 
    9. SHAFT SINKERS MINING PTY LTD 
    10. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    11. VENETIA MINE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.