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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Analyse port terminal operations 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244454  Analyse port terminal operations 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Transport and Logistics Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard provides a learner with an overview of the role played by a terminal operator in the transport chain. Port terminals operations include container, multi-purpose, bulk-loading, car and passenger. This underpinning knowledge will form the basis for receiving and dispatching of different types of cargo in a shipping environment.

Qualifying learners will be capable of:
  • Describing the layout and operations of ports and terminals.
  • Analysing the operations of container terminals.
  • Analysing the operations of car terminals.
  • Analysing the operation of multi-purpose terminals.
  • Analysing the operation of bulk terminals. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that a learner will be competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 4 or equivalent.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4 or equivalent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the layout and operations of ports and terminals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different types of terminals are described in terms of characteristics of cargo handled. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Layout of ports and their terminals are described in relation to the function of the port and the access of these terminals by rail and road infrastructure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Roles and responsibilities of port operators are described in terms of the type of terminal operated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Handling and movement of cargo are described in relation to the port operations in different types of terminals. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Terminals include, but is not limited to:
  • Container terminal, car terminal, bulk, multi-purpose and passenger terminal.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The operational processes until the cargo leaves the terminal perimeter security gate is described in terms of the import logistical flow. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The operational processes until the vessel is ready for departure at the respective terminal is described in terms of the export logistical flow. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The organisational structure of terminal operators are described in terms of their support functions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Infrastructure components includes, but is not limited to:
  • Finance, human resources, information systems, marketing, safety, health and environment.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The different administrative documents related to the import/export of cargo is described in terms of contractual obligations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Analyse the operations of container terminals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Container construction is described in relation to cargo characteristics. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Cargo characteristics includes, but is not limited to:
  • Dangerous goods, perishables, refrigerated, over-size and abnormal.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The lay-out of a typical container terminal is analysed in relation to the characteristics of cargo handled. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The typical infrastructure required for a container terminal is explained in relation to international practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The planning process in a container terminal is described in relation to the logistical requirements of the yard plan. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The physical activities of container ship loading and discharging operations are analysed in relation to the quay transfer operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Shipping documentation is compiled and co-ordinated in terms of stamping, tallying, receiving, dispatch and shipping of containers. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Container terminal operations are analysed in relation to service delivery and customer satisfaction according to organisational requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Analyse the operation of car terminals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Types of vehicles that are catered for in car terminals are defined in terms of their characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The equipment, access and buildings found in a car terminal is described in terms of optimal cargo flow. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The car terminal operational plan is compiled to optimise security measures, resource and infrastructure usage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Shipping documentation is compiled and co-ordinated in relation to the cargo co-ordination function. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Car terminal operations are analysed in relation to service delivery and customer satisfaction according to organisational requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Analyse the operation of multi-purpose terminals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Multi-purpose cargo is defined in terms of its characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The design of a typical multi-purpose terminal is analysed in relation to the cargo handled. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The equipment, access and buildings found in a multi-purpose terminal is described in terms of optimal cargo flow. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The multi-purpose terminal operational plan is compiled to achieve optimal resource usage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Shipping documentation is compiled and co-ordinated in relation to the cargo co-ordination function. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Multi-purpose terminal operations are analysed in relation to service delivery and customer satisfaction according to organisational requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Analyse the operations of bulk-loading terminals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Bulk terminals includes, but is not limited to:
  • Dry bulk [clean and dirty] and liquid bulk. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Bulk cargo is defined in terms of its characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The design and infrastructure required for bulk cargo discharge and loading terminals is analysed to optimise operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The physical activities of ship loading and discharging operations are described in relation to the quay transfer operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Shipping documentation is compiled and co-ordinated in relation to the stakeholder requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Bulk-loading terminal operations are analysed in relation to service delivery and customer satisfaction according to organisational requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard and the related Exit Level Outcomes of the Qualification must be accredited by the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance (ETQA) body.
  • External Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • The accredited Training Provider will oversee internal moderation of assessment.
  • Internal and external moderation should encompass achievement of competence described in the specific outcomes of the unit standard as well as the integrated competence described in the purpose of the unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Maritime port terminal operations.
  • Shipping documentation.
  • Planning processes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems associated with port terminal operations, employing responsible decision-making and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group or role-players associated with port terminal operations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively in the execution of port terminal duties. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using appropriate modes of oral and/or written persuasion in dealing with all role-players associated with port terminal functions. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world, as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving in port terminal operations exists in a variety of related contexts. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
  • Assessors must be registered as assessors with a relevant ETQA or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessors must be in possession of a relevant qualification at a minimum of National Qualifications Framework (NQF) Level 6. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information:

    For the purpose of this unit standard "port" refers to a harbour or place where ships berth. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58759   National Certificate: Ports and Harbours  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.