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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Further Education and Training Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
48966  Further Education and Training Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Air-conditioning Refrigeration and Ventilation 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
Further Ed and Training Cert  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  169  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
SAQA 0160/05  2007-09-18  2009-03-12 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2010-03-12   2013-03-12  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification replaces: 
Qual ID Qualification Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Min Credits Replacement Status
20721  National Certificate: Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  135  Complete 

This qualification is replaced by: 
Qual ID Qualification Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Min Credits Replacement Status
65509  Further Education and Training Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  152  Complete 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
The air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industry provides a service to many sectors of he country's economy such as food processing and warehousing; food transportation, distribution and retailing; deep level mining and industrial process; high rise and retail property; specialized medical care; automotive and mass transport; tourism and hospitality.
This qualification provides the learner with the skills required to service, repair, commission and operate mechanical / electrical equipment and systems in the air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation sub-field in a variety of applications, and to supervise work teams.

The current rate of urban development, the advance in technology and development of tourism creates an ever-increasing demand for air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation equipment and systems and therefore a corresponding demand for technicians to repair, maintain, install and manufacture such equipment and systems.
The technical skills required for this purpose are scarce and there is a growing demand for technicians skilled in the mechanical, electrical and thermal sciences. These qualifications are ideally suited to school-leavers (male and female) who have an interest in the engineering sciences and have practical skills. This series of qualifications also equips the learner with entrepreneurial skills which would lead to self employment in the SMME field (Most businesses in the field of air conditioning, refrigeration, and ventilation are in fact SMME's).

South Africa is the only country in Sub-Saharan Africa which has established qualifications and a network of training providers countrywide. South African trained technicians are the obvious choice for work in this field in all African countries north of our borders. We also see an untapped potential for training of learners from NEPAD countries which would assist in the further development of our training resources.

This qualification specifically suits learners who have an interest in science and mathematics as well as manual dexterity (ability to use tools) and a consciousness of personal and environmental safety. It is also suitable for workers who have had advanced practical and technical experience working in the air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industry but lack the formal learning required in the qualification and who have a level to competence equivalent of the NQF level 3 qualification in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation as determined in formal assessment by an assessor who meets the criteria for the registration of assessors.

To achieve competence in this qualification the learner must be able to:
  • Apply mathematical literacy skills to carry out the required calculations at this level related to the work process and financial skills to understand personal, business and national issues.
  • Apply oral and written methods to communicate effectively with others at all levels in workplace and technical matters.
  • Be able to give instructions, read and understand drawings and diagrams related to his work.
  • Be able to supervise the use of power tools, equipment and instruments by work teams, accurately and safely.
  • Have a thorough knowledge of the OSH Act and safety considerations relating to all aspects of the work environment.
  • Understand the operation of vapour compression refrigeration systems, and their electrical and control systems and be able to select components for such systems.
  • Understand and apply quality control systems in the workplace.
  • Have knowledge of the systems and processes that he has elected to include in his learning program.

    Rationale of the qualification

    Air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation are subfields of specialized engineering which account for the design, manufacture, installation, maintenance, and repair of systems which provide artificial cooling for the environment and the processing and preservation of foodstuffs. The development of the urban lifestyle with its concentration of population into centralized areas, the food chain from producer to consumer as well as the working environment and medical care would not be possible without these specialized engineering services.

    This is the third qualification in a series of qualifications which will lead to a learner acquiring all the skills required to work in the industry in the repair, maintenance, installation, manufacture and ultimately design of the mechanical / electrical systems which provide temperature control for environmental or process needs. By qualifying at this level a learner will achieve the status of a technician in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation and will have an advanced knowledge of systems and equipment and be able to supervise working teams.
  • Learner mechanic - Level 2, Credits 145 - (Technical competence - Has a basic understanding of equipment and is able to carry out technical work under supervision.)
  • Refrigeration Mechanic / Journeyman - Level 3, - (Technical competence - Has a knowledge of equipment and systems and is able to carry out technical work without supervision.
  • Technician - Level 4, - (Technical competence - Has an advanced knowledge of systems and equipment and is able to supervise technical work.)
  • Senior Technician / Project Leader - Level 5, - (Has a knowledge of system design, selection and engineering and has management skills.

    The learner will be required to reach competence in the advanced skills of the servicing repair and commissioning of systems and the selection of components and to understand and operate supervisory control systems. He will be required to supervise work teams and communicate at all levels in the workplace and with customers.
    There are many applications of air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation which relate directly to the tourism and hospitality industry:
  • Air conditioning of hotels, restaurants and recreation areas.
  • Air conditioning of luxury buses, automobiles and other transport modes.
  • Refrigeration related to the food chain (producers, processors, warehouses, transport, retailing).
    The 2010 events and subsequent increase in level of tourism will create further demand for the services of trained technicians to install, service and repair cooling equipment at all skills levels. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    This qualification assumes that the candidate has already achieved the following:
  • National Certificate in Air conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation at NQF level 3 (NLRD 20720)
  • FETC (Further Education and Training Certificate), has an interest in science and technology and some practical ability in the use on tools.

    Recognition of prior learning
    Whether a candidate attends formal courses or acquires the required skills through informal means, the same standards apply as per the matrix of unit standards. The qualification and the standards have been written in such a way that the learning has to be assessed in an integrated way. Assessors will assess evidence to establish what the learners know and can do. Such evidence may be gathered through course related activities and / or through work related activities. In cases where candidates do not attend formal courses, assessors should seek work related evidence as far as possible.
    Where courses are provided for learners, institutions can use the unit standards and this qualification to assess learning achievements.
    For candidates who are not able to achieve the outcomes, providers can then use the standards and qualifications to determine a specific learning programme to suit the candidates learning needs. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
  • Fundamental component: 56 credits.
  • Core component: 71 credits.
  • A minimum total of 42 credits is required in the elective component. A learner may select any combination of credits adding up to a minimum of 42 but must include the unit standard: 'Supervise workers at levels 2 and 3', in this combination.

    It is recommended that a learner wishing to specialize in air conditioning should select the following learning components (but this is not a specific requirement):
  • Diagnose operational faults in refrigeration systems and take remedial action or propose corrective action
  • Plot air-conditioning processes on the psychometric chart and determine plant operating parameters
  • Monitor an air-conditioning, refrigeration or ventilation system through the Building Management System
  • Commission air-conditioning and ventilation systems
  • Determine if refrigeration plants operating with a group 1 refrigerant conform to the regulations in SANS 10147

    It is recommended that a learner wishing to specialize in refrigeration should select the following learning components (but this is not a specific requirement):
  • Diagnose operational faults in refrigeration systems and take remedial action or propose corrective action
  • Commission refrigeration systems
  • Monitor an air-conditioning, refrigeration or ventilation system through the Building Management System
  • Commission and maintain transport refrigeration systems
  • Determine if refrigeration plants operating with a group 1 refrigerant conform to the regulations in SANS 10147 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. The exit level outcomes should be read in the context of NQF level 4. Range statements are specified in the relevant unit standards.

    2. Demonstrate the ability to service, repair and start-up air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation systems.

    3. Explain the need for control of quality in the manufacturing, installation, maintenance and repair processes relating to air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation.

    4. Explain the operation of the various control devices, control systems and programmable logic systems used in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation plants.

    5. Explain the operation of a range of refrigeration systems and their application in industry.

    6. Explain and use the elective skills which are selected.

    The following indicates the critical cross-field outcomes relative to the exit level outcomes of the qualification:

    1. Appropriate calculations and the associated processes are undertaken and explained.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Make decisions solve problems
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Personal development
  • Information

    2. Accounting/financial calculations are undertaken and explained in terms of business, personal and national context.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Make decisions solve problems
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Personal development
  • Information

    3. Skills in verbal and written communication at all levels are demonstrated and their need is explained.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Make decisions solve problems
  • Organisation Teamwork
  • Communication
  • Personal development
  • Information

    4. The procedures and sequences to carry out the work are identified and discussed.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Make decisions solve problems
  • Organisation Teamwork
  • Communication
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Information

    5. The safety considerations of the work team and others in the vicinity are discussed in terms of the OSH Act and practical safety.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Make decisions solve problems
  • Organisation Teamwork
  • Communication
  • Related systems
  • Information

    6. The consequences of defective material and assembly are explained in terms of safety, legal and contractual considerations.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Make decisions solve problems
  • Communication
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Personal development
  • Information

    7. The standards for control of quality are explained and their application is discussed.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Communication
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Personal development
  • Information

    8. The need for control devices and systems is explained.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Information

    9. The functioning of the devices and systems are explained by means of control and wiring diagrams.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Personal development
  • Information

    10. The operation of different systems and refrigerants is explained and reasons for their selection is given.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Make decisions solve problems
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Personal development
  • Information

    The need for ancilliary systems such as water treatment are discussed and explained.
    Relative to the following critical cross-field outcomes:
  • Make decisions solve problems
  • Technology and science
  • Related systems
  • Personal development
  • Information 

  • ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    1.
  • Appropriate calculations and the associated processes are undertaken and explained.
  • Accounting/financial calculations are undertaken and explained in terms of business, personal and national context.
  • Skills in verbal and written communication at all levels are demonstrated and their need is explained.

    2.
  • The procedures and sequences to carry out the work are identified and discussed.
  • The safety considerations of the work team and others in the vicinity are discussed in terms of the OSH Act and practical safety.

    3.
  • The consequences of defective material and assembly are explained in terms of safety, legal and contractual considerations.
  • The standards for control of quality are explained and their application is discussed.

    4.
  • The functioning of the devices and systems are explained by means of control and wiring diagrams.
  • The need for control devices and systems is explained.

    5.
  • The operation of different systems and refrigerants is explained and reasons for their selection is given.
  • The need for ancilliary systems such as water treatment are discussed and explained.

    6.
  • The required personal skills are explained and demonstrated.
  • The procedures or processes are explained in relation to the appropriate refrigeration system or component.
  • The required installation methods or application are discussed and safety precautions noted.

    Integrated assessment
    Integrated assessment at the level of this qualification will evaluate the learner's capacity to integrate engineering principles, processes and behaviour across a range of workplace domains and thus be able to carry out maintenance, repair and installation work under supervision for the benefit of his employer.
    Integrated assessment must specifically evaluate the learner's ability to:
  • Understand and apply mathematics literacy, communicate and behave appropriately.
  • Understand and use tools, instruments and equipment safely and purposefully.
  • Understand and apply the engineering principles and safety considerations related to the specific workplace tasks and environment.
    This will require assessment methodologies which will include demonstration, oral and written responses, both summative and formative, and evidence of these in the form of portfolios or projects. Since this is a basic qualification, the learner must show sufficient evidence of ability to understand engineering principles and workplace behaviour and procedures. Such ability may be obtained in a formal learnership, by practice gained in the workplace (RPL) or by a combination of formal learning and practice in the workplace. The assessment must also ensure that learners have achieved the critical outcomes. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    There are no other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa which have established training organizations or formal qualifications, comparison in the African context is therefore not possible.
    A search was conducted on the Internet and the following qualifications were found:
  • TPC Training Systems - USA - series 430 Air Conditioning and Refrigeration courses 431 - 439 and series 100 fundamentals courses 101 - 110
  • Australian National Training Authority, Qualifications UTE 30999 Electrotechnology Refrigeration and Air Conditioning.
  • New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2004 - Refrigeration and Air Conditioning levels 1 - 6

    We are satisfied that our qualifications at NQF level 2 - 4 are comparable with the USA, Australian and New Zealand qualifications in terms of learning components. A direct comparison of level is not possible from the information available to us but feedback from training providers and resultant revisions to this issue of the qualifications has fine - tuned them to South African requirements.

    It is noted that the fundamental component of this qualification is based on similar South African qualifications and no attempt has been made to compare this component with those of other countries. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    Air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation is a specialized industry embracing technical skills in mechanical, electrical and thermal engineering. Historically, skilled workers in this subfield have entered through:
  • A formal apprenticeship in commercial or industrial refrigeration.
  • An apprenticeship in the trade of millwright.
  • An apprenticeship in the trade of electrician.
  • Appropriate workplace learning in the required skills.
    At NQF level 2 there would be commonality between the trades of millwright and electrician in exit level outcomes 1, 2 and 4, but trade specific training in exit level outcomes 3 and 5 would be required to achieve this qualification.
    At NQF levels 3 and 4 there would be commonality in the fundamental and some core electrical learning components of air conditioning and refrigeration, electrical and millwright trades as learners would work in similar environments. The trade specific skills in the three trades would have little further commonality but are all engineering based. Skills programmes of about 70 - 90 credits based on selective technical unit standards would be required to bring electricians or millwrights qualified at the required NQF level up to competence requirements for a qualification in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Moderation of the assessment will be determined by the requirements of the relevant ETQA.
    In addition moderators must have technical knowledge and experience of air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation. 

    CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    Anyone assessing a learner against this qualification must be registered as an assessor with relevant ETQA or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
    Assessors should have a technical knowledge and experience of mechanical, electrical and thermal processes equivalent to one NQF level higher than this qualification. They should also have sufficient expertise to assess communication, mathematical literacy and life skills. 

    NOTES 
    This qualification has been replaced by qualification 65509, which is "Further Education and Training Certificate: Air-conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation", Level 4, 156 credits.

    This qualification replaces qualification 20721, which is "National Certificate in Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Ventilation", Level 4, 135 credits.

    The assessment criteria for each unit standard are to be used by the assessor as the basis for assessment judgments, first in relation to each unit standard, and then in relation to integration at exit outcome level. 

    UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  116460  Demonstrate an understanding of logic controllers as used in air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation applications  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116379  Demonstrate knowledge of the OHS Act applicable to technicians employed in the air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industries  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116418  Explain function and operation of refrigeration circuits as applied to air-conditioning or refrigeration systems and select and explain the function of components, accessories and controls  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116377  Explain the need for water treatment and the methods and equipment used  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116408  List, define and discuss the characteristics of commonly used refrigerants used in the refrigeration industry  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116421  Repair and overhaul air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation equipment  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116458  Select control systems and instruments for air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation plants, determine control parameters and draw control sequence and electrical wiring diagrams  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116403  Service a refrigeration system and set it in operation  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116461  Understand basic electrical and mechanical engineering principles as applicable to air conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116392  Understand, implement, maintain and monitor general quality standards within the air-conditioning, refrigeration and ventilation industries  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  116389  Write a technical report  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  119472  Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119458  Analyse and respond to a variety of literary texts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119466  Interpret a variety of literary texts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119457  Interpret and use information from texts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9015  Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  8974  Engage in sustained oral communication and evaluate spoken texts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  8975  Read analyse and respond to a variety of texts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  9016  Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  8979  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  7468  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  8976  Write for a wide range of contexts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  7465  Collect and use data to establish complex statistical and probability models and solve related problems  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116375  Commission air-conditioning and ventilation systems  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116396  Commission and maintain transport refrigeration systems  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116415  Commission refrigeration systems  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116397  Determine if refrigeration plants operating with a group 1 refrigerant conform to the regulations in SANS 10147  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116406  Diagnose operational faults in refrigeration systems and take remedial action or propose corrective action  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116413  Monitor an air-conditioning, refrigeration or ventilation system through the building management system  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116411  Plot air-conditioning processes on the psychometric chart and determine plant operating parameters  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116380  Supervise workers at levels 2 and 3  Level 4  NQF Level 04 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. IFIHLILE TRAINING ACADEMY GAUTENG (PTY) LTD (Halfway House)(TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.