SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION: 

National Diploma: Animal Production 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
49011  National Diploma: Animal Production 
ORIGINATOR ORIGINATING PROVIDER
SGB Primary Agriculture   
QUALITY ASSURING BODY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
AgriSETA - Agriculture SETA  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
National Diploma  Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation  Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  240  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Reregistered  SAQA 0695/12  2012-07-01  2015-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2016-06-30   2020-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
The purpose of this qualification is to allow Junior Farm Managers to progress towards a Farm Manager position with specific reference to Animal Production. The contexualised purpose and usage of the qualification is as follows:
  • A learner assessed against this qualification will have the necessary competence to monitor, implement, co-ordinate, plan, control and provide leadership regarding the agricultural processes as applicable to animal production in a variety of Animal Production processes taking responsibility for the nature, quality and quantity of outputs.
  • The Learner will be able to take complete responsibility for her/his own actions and also take responsibility for the achievements of groups within an Animal Production context.
  • Competency will be gained in any of the specialized sub-fields of Animal Production as specified under Areas Of Specialization (i.e. Small stock, Large Stock, Dairy Production, Aqua Culture, etc.) with a strong focus on management.
  • The learner will be able to take responsible decisions within a wide range of familiar and un-familiar contexts based on a sound understanding of the basic principles of agri-business and good agricultural practices, in meeting the set objectives and targets within the broader farm plan which includes the economical application of general resources, agricultural production and technical knowledge and skills, all in an Animal Production context.
  • The Learner will be able to select from a wide range of standard and non-standard procedures in Animal Production and will be able to ensure the relevant safety, quality, hygiene and technical standards as applicable within the industry.
  • In addition to the above, the learner will be well positioned to extend learning and practice into other sub-fields such as Plant Production and Mixed Farming, since such efforts will only require additional learning within the elective scope of other qualifications at this level.
  • The learner will be well positioned to progress towards higher levels of Management and Technical production practices as defined by qualifications at the next level.
  • Learners will be enabled to actively participate in the Primary Agricultural Sector through the production of quality agricultural products, enhancing the overall agricultural process and gain opportunities to access local, national and international agricultural markets.
  • This qualification will allow qualifying learners to become economically active in farming practices that will have a direct impact on Local Economic Development through the production of food, the improvement of household food security and access to mainstream agriculture.
  • Finally, Learners will be able to guide and direct project teams in terms of the planning, implementation and control of development projects within an Animal Production context.


    Rationale:


    The range of typical learners that will enter this qualification will vary and includes:
  • Junior farm managers who wish to progress to the level of farm manager;
  • Learners in possession of different levels of practical experience in farming operations, which will be assessed and RPL'ed;
  • School leavers (Grade 12); and
  • Learners may come from both genders.

    The learner will engage in farm management and operational activities relevant to Animal Production.

    Requests and expressions of need for this qualification, coming from the broad, but also specific farming communities (Animal Production) forms the basis for the development of this qualification.

    This qualification will form the basis for learners to extend their learning into more specialised areas of animal production and management and provides the basis of the establishment of sustainable farming operations through the inclusion of a wide spectrum of competencies required by farmers in South Africa. Whilst technical production orientated competencies are ensured, other aspects such as agri-business and good agricultural practices are included in the range of competencies required by farmers in order to enable them to strive towards agricultural management standards and practices at higher levels.

    Competent qualifying learners in this qualification will oversee quality agricultural products in Animal Production whereby enhancing the overall agricultural process and gain opportunities to access local, national and international agricultural markets. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that a learner entering a programme leading to this qualification has achieved numeracy, literacy and communication equivalent to NQF 4 and technical skills pertaining to agricultural activities equivalent to NQF 4.


    Recognition of prior learning:

    This qualification may be achieved in part or in whole through the recognition of prior learning. Credit will be given to learning, which has already been acquired, through the appropriate process of assessment.

    For example:
  • Learners who have acquired skills and competencies in this qualification through for instance experience in the industry will be assessed against the unit standards the qualification comprises of prior to entering learning. Credits will be allocated to those unit standards and exit level outcomes in which the learner is found competent. The outstanding unit standards will then be sequenced according to an appropriate learning programme.
  • Should a new entrant into the industry wish to enter this learning programme, recognition will be given to al appropriate learning acquired through the schooling system.
  • In terms of fundamental unit standards, competencies could be acquired through life experience.

    Any learner wishing to be directly assessed may arrange to do so, without attending further training or education. The assessor and learner will decide together on the most appropriate assessment route to take. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    Fundamental
  • A minimum of 48 credits should be achieved in fundamental.

    Core
  • 159 credits should be achieved in core.

    Elective
  • A minimum of 33 credits should be achieved in Elective, depending on the context of application or on the combination of the unit standards. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    Exit Level Outcomes are divided into four categories of competencies, namely:
  • Fundamental Competencies
  • Agri-business
  • Good Agricultural Practices
  • Animal Production

    Fundamental Competencies:

    1. Apply communication skills in an agricultural environment.
    2. Apply mathematical calculations within the agricultural environment.
    3. Develop a data collection plan in the agricultural sector.
    4. Integrate sustainable systems thinking into planning and management processes.

    Agri-business:

    5. Control an agricultural input chain.
    6. Develop a strategic plan for agri-processing activities.
    7. Describe the integration of the marketing component as a part of the total agri-business.
    8. Analyse and interpret financial information in an agri-business.
    9. Demonstrate the ability to optimise and integrate farming systems.

    Agricultural Practices:

    10. Ensure sound utilisation of agricultural resources.
    11. Describe the process of optimisation of water quality in an agricultural production system.
    12. Develop, implement and optimise a management system for food safety and quality practices in an agricultural supply chain.
    13. Incorporate an understanding of the importance of natural resource management in relation to agricultural practices into the design of a natural resource management plan of the farm in relation to area wide planning and when participating in area wide planning and local government structures and policies.
    14. Assist in determining the most appropriate and sustainable land-use for different parts of the land, supervise the implementation and maintenance of the selected infrastructure and maintain the most appropriate land-use on a farm by continuously assessing the natural resource base.

    Animal Production:

    15. Evaluate and manage animals according to specific criteria related to anatomical, physiological, physical and biochemical systems.
    16. Develop and implement health care, prevention and treatment procedures.
    17. Develop a strategic animal nutrition plan.
    18. Demonstrate the ability to apply an advanced breeding and selection practices and to integrate these practices into a breeding management programme.
    19. Demonstrate the ability to guide and direct others during the harvesting of animal products.
    20. Demonstrate the ability to meaningfully and purposefully dissect animals. 

  • ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Fundamental Competencies:

    1.
  • Simple presentations are made.
  • Situations, reasons, implications, concepts, underlying principles, and check for understanding and adjust message are explained.
  • Conditions, situations and events, using data are reported on.
  • Work instructions are given.
  • Events, situations and conditions are summarised over time.

    2.
  • Data is represented in graph and table form.
  • Trends are plotted.
  • Percentages from collected data (statistical calculations) are determined.
  • Measurements are accurately.
  • Calculations per area performed.
  • Financial implications of personal and business related issues are investigated and monitored.
  • Ratios are determined according to prescribed parameters e.g. mixtures, crops.

    3.
  • Appropriate experimental designs are selected for a specific purpose.
  • The implementation of data collection plans is described.
  • Data collection reports are interpreted and recommendations are made.
  • Guidance is provided to data gathering team.

    4.
  • A whole farming system is developed.
  • Methods of systems thinking are applied in the design of soil, plant and animal management.
  • The sustainability of whole farming systems is monitored and re-evaluated.


    Agri-business:

    5.
  • Planning of a flow chain is described.
  • A plan on the flow of agricultural inputs is prepared and implemented.
  • Aspects of HR management related to the flow chain are described.

    6.
  • Market trends are analysed.
  • Trends in technology are analyses.
  • A production plan is developed.

    7.
  • Variables and critical success factors are determined for agri-business.
  • Market opportunities are identified and analysed.
  • Marketing strategies are developed.
  • The marketing function as part of the business plan is explained.

    8.
  • The use of physical and financial information to compile financial statements is demonstrated.
  • The analysis of financial statements and physical records is demonstrated.
  • A comparison of financial and economic data to obtain managerial information is demonstrated.

    9.
  • The integration and optimisation of natural resources are explained.
  • The optimisation of infrastructure is explained.
  • The optimisation and maintenance of livestock is explained.
  • A harvesting system is developed.
  • Post harvest systems are developed.


    Agricultural Practices:

    10.
  • The modification of agricultural equipment is explained.
  • The determination of specifications of equipment is explained.
  • A maintenance and storage plan is developed.
  • Safety policies are explained.
  • The development of task related technology in the agricultural environment is explained.
  • A replacement policy is developed.

    11.
  • The characteristics of an optimised water system are described.
  • Solutions are provided to water quality problems.
  • The calibration and utilisation of water quality monitoring equipment is demonstrated.
  • The management of infrastructure related to water quality is explained.

    12.
  • Implement and manage a food safety and quality management system in respect of food safety, production, environmental and social practices in the agricultural environment which meets market requirements in the agricultural supply chain.
  • Evaluate, take corrective action and make improvements to ensure the effectiveness/efficiency of the food safety and quality management system with regard to good agricultural practices (GAP) good manufacturing practices (GMP), good health practices (GHP), good social practices (GSP) and good environmental practices (GEP), whichever is applicable to the workplace.
  • A traceability system for operational efficiency in the agricultural supply chain is designed.

    13.
  • Integrated natural resource management practices and plans to combat environmental degradation and deterioration are designed.
  • Innovative natural resource management practices to ensure the sustainability of an agricultural endeavour are introduced.
  • A natural resource management strategic plan for a farm is developed.
  • Company/farm policy on natural resource management is determined.
  • Assist in the development of area wide planning and local government structures and policies.

    14.
  • Information relevant to the natural resources of a site is researched.
  • Appropriate technology to determine sustainable farm layout and infrastructure placement is identified and used.
  • Principles of sustainability in terms of the layout and infrastructure placement in an agricultural context are applied.
  • High and low potential yield areas according to a range of land use options are identified.


    Animal Production:

    15.
  • The anatomical, physiological, physical and biochemical components as well as their interrelated activities are explained.
  • Symptomatic variations and abnormalities are explained.
  • Animal production systems are developed based on anatomy, morphology and physiology.

    16.
  • The health status of animals is evaluated and described.
  • Procedures to maintain animal disease prevention programmes are explained.

    17.
  • The metabolism of nutrients is described.
  • The principles of nutrient requirements are described.
  • The application of feed formulation principles is explained.
  • Analysis of ingredients in feed is explained.
  • Feed analysis if explained.
  • Feed flow management is explained.

    18.
  • The integration of advanced breeding practices into a breeding programme is explained.
  • Advanced selection methods are explained.
  • Fertility and pregnancy diagnosis is explained.
  • The components of a sustainable breeding programme are explained.

    19.
  • Principles related to the production of animal products are explained.
  • The effects of harvesting on animals are explained.
  • New opportunities in the harvesting of animal products are identified.
  • The processes and systems of harvesting are explained.
  • The management of animals to be harvested is explained.

    20.
  • Humane animal killing techniques are demonstrated.
  • The use of dissection equipment is demonstrated.
  • Various components to be dissected are described.
  • The dissection of a specific animal is described and demonstrated.

    NOTE: Assessment should be specific to the area of operation (i.e. Either large livestock, small livestock, pigs, poultry, etc.)


    Integrated Assessment:

    Integrated assessment at the level of the qualification provides an opportunity for learners to show that they are able to integrate concepts, ideas and actions across unit standards to achieve competence that is relevant and coherent in relation to the purpose of the qualification.

    Integrated assessment must judge the quality of the observable performance, but also the quality of the thinking that lies behind it. Assessment tools must encourage learners to give an account of the thinking and decision-making that underpin their demonstrated performance. Some assessment practices will be of a more practical nature while others will be of a more theoretical nature. The ratio between action and interpretation is not fixed, but varies according to the type and level of qualification.

    A broad range of task-orientated and theoretical assessment tools may be used, with the distinction between practical knowledge and disciplinary knowledge maintained so that each takes its rightful place.


    Generic nature of the unit standards and the context of assessment:

    Because of the diverse nature of the primary agricultural sector, a generic approach to developing the unit standards has been adopted. This resulted in generic unit standards which should be contextualised within a specific area of operation, a specific agricultural commodity or specific agricultural system. Assessment therefore, should not be divorced from the context of application. All assessment tools, such as guides as well as the interpretation of unit standards and specifically range statements, should be contextualised within a specific agricultural commodity and/or system. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    In the case of the primary agriculture context it is difficult to compare the qualification and unit standards against similar international qualifications due to the vast differences in levels of mechanization and literacy of farm operators. It should also be noted that climatic and market conditions differ considerably between South Africa and other countries and the variety in commodities is therefore significant.

    This qualification and associated unit standards have been evaluated against comparable qualifications and unit standards of the following Qualifications Authorities:
  • Australian AQF
  • New Zealand NQF, and
  • British NVQ's.

    During this comparison the following was found:

    Australian AQF: This qualification is comparable to an AQF Diploma in Agriculture (General cross-sector qualification) in an animal production context. Packaging of the AQF qualification reflects the need for sector specific content of a qualification to remain flexible, a quality that has also been captured in this qualification. The AQF qualification requires the inclusion of Units of Competency, similar to the unit standards reflected in the South African qualification. It should however be noted that the qualification of the AQF contains considerably more Elective type Units of Competency since these units have been developed for specific sub-fields. In the case of this qualification a more generic approach have been followed, allowing contexualisation of fewer unit standards across a wide range of sub-fields. It could be concluded that there are numerous similarities between the Units of Competency and the Unit Standards reflected in the SA qualification covering similar sub-fields.

    New Zealand NQF: This qualification is partly comparable to a NZNQF National Diploma in Agribusiness Management (Level 5) in an animal production context as well as with a National Diploma in Animal handling (Level 5). It should be noted that the NZQF qualification has been developed for a specific sub-field of specialization whilst a more generic approach is taken in this qualification allowing for contexualisation of the qualification across a wider range of sub-fields. In the NZQF qualification focus is given to local conditions, practices and approaches to agriculture whilst this qualification focuses on agriculture within a South African context.

    British NVQ: This qualification is comparable with the BTEC National Award/Diploma in Agriculture courses.

    Furthermore, input to the development of this qualification has been compared against international standards and qualifications and is evidenced in the following:
  • Qualifications and competency units as defined by the New South Wales Department of Education and Training.
  • The wide and narrow consultative process as well as the contributions made by role players from Universities and Technicons whom have a specific requirement for internationally comparable qualifications. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    A learner will be able to progress horizontally from one category to another, namely small stock, large stock or pig production, etc. (Please refer to the list mentioned under "Areas of Specialisation") He/she will be able to do this without re-doing the whole qualification, but by only completing the necessary elective unit standards.

    Furthermore, the learner will be able to progress horizontally to the following qualifications:
  • National Certificate in Plant Production, NQF 4;

    This qualification builds on the relevant qualification on NQF 4 (refer to the SGB's brief and matrix) and gives access to the a first degree agricultural qualification at NQF 6. In terms of competencies, the learner will progress from basic managerial skills to skills to managerial skills. The scope of practice will also increase.

    The learner will be able to articulate with other occupations within the agricultural pharmaceutical operations such as laboratory assistant, marketing and selling of agricultural pharmaceutical products and fertilisers. The learner will also be able to move to the secondary agricultural field. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this qualification, or assessment against this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to agreed ETQA procedures.

    Therefore anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution which is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    Assessors need:
  • A minimum of 2 (two) years' practical experience in animal production practices relevant to an area of specialisation mentioned below;
  • Practical experience in the specific agricultural commodity (which might include the list of "Areas of Specialisation" mentioned below or a specific commodity such as abelone, fish, ostriches, etc.) and/or system such as permaculture, organic production, etc.
  • Technical competence in animal production practices at, at least one NQF level above the assessee. 

  • NOTES 
    As per the SAQA decision, after consultation with the Quality Councils, to re-register all qualifications and part qualifications on the National Qualifications Framework that meet the criteria for re-registration, this qualification has been re-registered from 1 July 2012.
    Areas of specialisation of the qualification in Animal Husbandry include but are not limited to:
  • Small stock production,
  • Large stock production,
  • Dairy production,
  • Pig production,
  • Poultry production,
  • Game,
  • Aqua / mari culture,
  • Commercial insects
  • Animal fibres harvesting,
  • Bee keeping,
  • Natural resources harvesting
  • Organic production,
  • Perma-culture production,
  • Eco/Agri Tourism,
  • Agro Chemicals,
  • Horse Breeding,
  • Etc. 

  • UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  116428  Analyse and interpret the financial statements and physical records in an agri-business to generate managerial information  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  11 
    Core  116430  Apply and plan animal nutrition  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  12 
    Core  116425  Design a natural resource management plan  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116426  Develop a production and strategic plan for the agricultural business  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  11 
    Core  116419  Develop and implement a food safety and quality management system in an agricultural supply chain  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116399  Dissect animals  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116388  Evaluate animal anatomy and physiology systems  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  10 
    Core  116393  Evaluate animal health systems  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116390  Harvest animal products: animal products systems  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116394  Implement and manage human resource and labour relations policies and acts  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  10050  Integrate marketing plans with business process  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116385  Integrate sustainable breeding and selection methods  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  10 
    Core  116381  Investigate life threatening hazards when handling animals  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116382  Manage an input chain  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116384  Manage and control resources in a sustainable manner  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116337  Optimise and integrate various farming systems and trends within related enterprises  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  11 
    Core  116369  Optimise water quality  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116324  Plan a farm and select a site  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Core  116336  Understand juvinile animal rearing practices  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Fundamental  8974  Engage in sustained oral communication and evaluate spoken texts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  12417  Measure, estimate & calculate physical quantities & explore, critique & prove geometrical relationships in 2 and 3 dimensional space in the life and workplace of adult with increasing responsibilities  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  8975  Read analyse and respond to a variety of texts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  7466  Represent and operate on complex numbers in non-trivial situations  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  7483  Solve problems involving sequences and series in real and simulated situations  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  8979  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  7468  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  7470  Work with a wide range of patterns and inverses of functions and solve related problems  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  8976  Write for a wide range of contexts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  116412  Develop and manage a data collection plan to support an agricultural enterprise  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Fundamental  116387  Integrate sustainable systems into planning and management processes  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Elective  116299  Apply advanced pig husbandry practices  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  116649  Control feedlot production unit  Level 4  NQF Level 04  32 
    Elective  116402  Control problem animals  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Elective  116370  Manage dairy production systems  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  10 
    Elective  116372  Manage hive placement and bee pollination  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
    Elective  116327  The optimisation of agri / ecotourism strenghts and opportunities and negation of threats and weaknesses  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Quality Assuring Bodies have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Quality Assuring Body should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Agri Skills Transfer (PTY) Ltd 
    2. Bathopele HR and Management Consultants 
    3. Ekhozi Rural Development Services 
    4. Knowledge For Ever 
    5. National Woolgrowers Of South Africa 
    6. Suidwes Beleggings Beperk 
    7. Uluntu Skills Development Centre 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.