SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Manage hive placement and bee pollination 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116372  Manage hive placement and bee pollination 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2015-07-01  2018-06-30  SAQA 10105/14 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2019-06-30   2022-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner achieving this unit standard will be able to manage bee pollination of agricultural and environmental crops. In addition they will be well positioned to extend their learning and practice into other areas of beekeeping, environmental management and agriculture.

Learners will gain specific knowledge and skills in beekeeping and will be able to operate in an animal production environment implementing sustainable and economically viable production principles.

They will be capacitated to gain access to the mainstream agricultural sector, in animal production, impacting directly on the sustainability of the sub-sector. The improvement in production technology will also have a direct impact on the improvement of agricultural productivity of the sector. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
It is assumed that a learner attempting this unit standard will demonstrate competence against the unit standards or equivalent:
  • NQF 4: Develop Bee Sites. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Whilst range statements have been defined generically to include as wide a set of alternatives as possible, all range statements should be interpreted within the specific context of application.

    Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Understand and identify the botanical systems of agricultural and environmental plants related to reproductive biology and pollination. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Botanical systems related to reproductive biology include but are not limited to the flower and all parts thereof (male and female) such as stamens, ovaries, pollen, pollen tubes, styles, calyx and florets and nectarines, perfect and imperfect flowers, pollen release, stigma receptivity, monoecious and dioescious flowers. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Plant pollination and reproductive biology with special reference to flower types and structures are understood and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Flower advertisement and reward are understood and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Pollination agents and their biology with specific reference to the mechanisms that enable them to perform are understood and described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Pollinating agents include but are not limited to wind, water, insects, mammals, birds and gravity.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    All natural factors that affect efficiency and effectiveness of pollination, fertilisation and fruit set are understood. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify and understand plant production systems and the effects of bees on production and the subsequent pollination efficacy. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Plant production systems include but are not limited to agricultural seed, vegetable and fruit production, germplast collections and natural vegetation, covered versus open crops. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Plant production systems are understood and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The effects of bees used for pollination on plant production systems and their products are understood and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The effects of plant production systems on bees are understood and described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Effects on bees include but are not limited to stress factors, toxicity, and damage, loss of honey, attractants and repellents.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify and utilise opportunities in the plant production environment that will allow the placement of bees for pollination services. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Plant production systems include but are not limited to agricultural seed, vegetable and fruit production, germplast collections and natural vegetation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Opportunities in pollination services that will provide placements for bees are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Opportunities in pollination service using acceptable business principles are utilised. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The inherent business and personal risks involved in placing bees for pollination are understood. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Understand and implement the logistical systems related to pollination services. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Logistics include but are not limited to factors related to transport technology, human resource management and site and placement preparation, utilisation and access and communication and contracting methodologies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The logistics involved in the preparation of bees for pollination are understood, illustrated and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The logistics involved in the provision of bees for pollination are understood, illustrated and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Formalise agreements and communications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Agreements include but are not limited to verbal agreements and contracts.
  • Agreement contents can include but are not limited to number of colonies, parties, type, identification and duration of crop, risk management relating to delivery, damage, safety, security and agro-chemical applications.
  • Communication includes but is not limited to regular continuous telephonic communication before, during and after the pollination period, provision of orders, agreements, invoices and forward budgeting forms.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Implement logistic principles in the management of bees for pollination. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Identify, understand and implement specific management of bees to effect efficient and effective pollination services, depending on the target plants requiring insect pollination. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Special management of bees for pollination include but are not limited to queen presence and pheromone manipulation and evaluation, management of the hive to prevent leakage and ample ventilation, replacement of inappropriate comb and frame structures, removal of surplus feed stores, evaluation and manipulation of colony strength, stimulatory supplementary feeding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The biological systems of bees that relate specifically to nectar and pollen collection and utilisation are understood, illustrated and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The factors that affect efficient and effective pollination of plant production systems by bees including the implementation of standards are understood, illustrated and described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Biological principles in the management of bees for pollination are implemented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The use of commercial plant pollination systems is understood. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

    It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

    The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes; critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

    The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

    Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

    The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then they should not be assessed as competent.

    Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

    Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • Comprehension, identification and understanding of the specific nectar and pollen bearing plant species.
  • Plant botany and pollination science.
  • Sensory observation and evaluation of bee plant pollination.
  • Logistics of the management and provision of pollination services.
  • Agricultural and natural chemical systems and processes involved in pollination biology.
  • Bee biology and management.
  • Pollination services as an animal product.
  • Evaluation of the potential of bee placements for pollination services.
  • The purpose of learning about providing pollination services.
  • Basic agricultural infrastructure.
  • Public relations.
  • Basic record keeping.
  • Observation of sensory cues in plants and bees.
  • Evaluation of business risks. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem Solving: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork: relates to specific outcomes:
  • Identify and understand plant production systems and the effects of bees on production and the subsequent pollination efficacy in bees
  • Identify and utilise opportunities in the plant production environment that will allow the placement of bees for pollination services.
  • Understand and implement the logistical systems related to pollination services.
  • Identify, understand and implement specific management of bees to effect efficient and effective pollination services, depending on the target plants requiring insect pollination. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self Organisation and Management: relates to specific outcomes:
  • Understand and identify the botanical systems of agricultural and environmental plants related to reproductive biology and pollination
  • Identify and understand plant production systems and the effects of bees on production and the subsequent pollination efficacy in bees
  • Identify and utilise opportunities in the plant production environment that will allow the placement of bees for pollination services.
  • Understand and implement the logistical systems related to pollination services. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Interpretation of information: relates to specific outcomes:
  • Understand and identify the botanical systems of agricultural and environmental plants related to reproductive biology and pollination.
  • Understand and implement the logistical systems related to pollination services. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication: relates to specific outcomes:
  • Identify and understand plant production systems and the effects of bees on production and the subsequent pollination efficacy in bees
  • Identify and utilise opportunities in the plant production environment that will allow the placement of bees for pollination services.
  • Understand and implement the logistical systems related to pollination services.
  • Identify, understand and implement specific management of bees to effect efficient and effective pollination services, depending on the target plants requiring insect pollination. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Science and technology: relates to specific outcomes:
  • Understand and identify the botanical systems of agricultural and environmental plants related to reproductive biology and pollination
  • Identify, understand and implement specific management of bees to effect efficient and effective pollination services, depending on the target plants requiring insect pollination. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The world as a set: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Personal Development: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49011   National Diploma: Animal Production  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2018-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Skills Fusion 
    2. Suidwes Beleggings Eiendoms Beperk 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.