SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION: 

National Certificate: Fluid Power 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
58882  National Certificate: Fluid Power 
ORIGINATOR ORIGINATING PROVIDER
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes   
QUALITY ASSURING BODY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
MERSETA - Manufacturing, Engineering and Related Services Education and Training Authority  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
National Certificate  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  135  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Reregistered  SAQA 0695/12  2012-07-01  2015-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2016-06-30   2019-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:

The purpose of this qualification is to provide learners with the standards and range of learning required to work effectively in the fluid power environment, making use of the relevant skills and knowledge to make up fluid power systems.

This is the second qualification in a series for learners who would like to follow a career in fluid power and focuses on specialising skills in installing, maintaining and commissioning fluid power systems. This qualification builds on the learning undertaken in the National Certificate in fluid power at NQF Level 2, and it is assumed that learners entering into a learning programme towards this qualification are already competent in the core skills outlined in the NQF Level 2 qualification.

With this additional learning, learners will be able to make up fluid power systems under limited supervision. What learners achieve in this qualification will also serve as a basis for further learning where they will engage in more complex activities in testing and repairing fluid power circuits at NQF Level 4.

On completion of this qualification, the learner will be given recognition for the following exit level outcomes:
  • Describe the operating principles of fluid power components.
  • Make up fluid power pipes and tubes.
  • Install, test and maintain fluid power systems.

    Qualifying learners will be able to relate what they are doing to scientific and technological principles and concepts. They will also be able to maintain and support the various policies and procedures related to the safety, health, environment and quality systems that govern their workplace.

    Learners will generally carry out their role within the context of:
  • A fully equipped fluid power workshop.
  • Given maintenance and works procedures.
  • Given inspection and testing procedures.
  • Given Quality Assurance policies, procedures and processes.

    Rationale:

    Industry is characterised by technologically sophisticated automation processes using systems that integrate the fields of mechanical and electrical engineering with fluid power. The field of fluid power deals with the assembly, installation, commissioning and maintenance of such systems that conform to all safety aspects as per regulations and legislation. Almost all machines that produce linear or rotary motion will be using fluid power, namely hydraulics or pneumatics or a combination of both. The Fluid Power Industry itself is a significant industry as a supplier and engineering support to these fluid power end users. It is required that a more specialised qualification is required that can be used by the fluid power industry. There are many end users where high levels of sophistication of fluid power engineering require more than anything offered presently and these end users would be able to achieve one or more of the unit standards identified within this qualification.

    This qualification in fluid power at NQF Level 3 is the second qualification in a series for learners who want to follow a career in the field of fluid power. This qualification focuses on developing skills and knowledge necessary to advance such a career and provides specific learning towards making up fluid power circuits.

    There is a need for this qualification in the industry because many people who are able to apply fluid power principles in a given context would like to advance their skills onto more complex activities and start making up complete fluid power circuits. They will also benefit from applying fundamental life skills to their job in interpreting requirements and being held responsible for the results of what they do.

    People who have achieved the skills and knowledge outlined in this qualification are normally employed in the following positions:
  • Fluid power System installer.
  • Quality controller.
  • Fluid power fitter.
  • Hose and tube assembler.
  • Fluid power system assembler.
  • Fluid power component repairer.
  • Fluid power cylinder repairer.
  • Technical sales assistant.

    Learners may advance from these positions to achieve the qualification in fluid power at NQF Level 4 where they will be required to test and repair either hydraulic or pneumatic circuits as necessary.

    There are currently approximately 500 people employed in the industry that are required to make up fluid power circuits as would be learnt through this qualification. This implies that many learners will be able to be given Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) for one or more unit standards making up this qualification, and that the qualification is required by industry. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already able to:
  • Communicate with peers and supervisors at NQF Level 2.
  • Mathematical literacy at NQF Level 2.
  • Workplace safety at NQF Level 2.
  • Explain the principles of hydraulic and pneumatic power at NQF Level 2.
  • Use and maintain engineering tools at NQF Level 2.
  • Work as part of a team to make up fluid power circuits at NQF Level 2.

    Recognition of Prior Learning:

    This qualification may be obtained through the process of RPL. The learner should be thoroughly briefed prior to the assessment and support provided to assist in the process of developing a portfolio. While this is primarily a work-based qualification, evidence from other areas of endeavour may be introduced if pertinent to any of the exit level outcomes.

    Access to the Qualification:

    This qualification recognises the skills, knowledge and values relevant in the workplace and will cater for learners who:
  • Have attended courses and need to apply the knowledge gained to activities in the workplace.
  • Are already workers and have acquired skills and knowledge without having attended formal training.
  • Are part of a learnership program which integrates structured learning and operational experience?

    Candidates applying for this qualification need to demonstrate physical competence in operating equipment and should therefore be physically able to contend with the circumstances required in the workshop environment.

    Access for learners with physical disabilities is dependant on the following:
  • Type and severity of disability.
  • The nature of the process and requirements of equipment operation. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    This qualification consists of a minimum of 135 credits made up as follows:
  • Candidates are required to achieve all 20 credits for communication from the available Fundamental unit standards.
  • Candidates are required to achieve all 16 credits for mathematical literacy within the context of electro-mechanical winding operations.
  • Candidates must achieve all 74 credits from the Core unit standards.
  • Candidates may select additional unit standards from any of the Elective unit standards to achieve a minimum of 25 credits.
    > Note: The elective credits should be chosen in accordance with the requirements of the selected context and the interests of the learner. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    The exit level outcomes for this qualification reflect a combination of specific outcomes and critical cross-field education and training outcomes. The way in which the critical cross-field outcomes have been advanced through the learning required for this qualification is embedded in the way in which the unit standards have been constructed. Critical cross-field outcomes form the basis of acquiring the skills, knowledge and values acquired through achievement of this qualification. The application of these cross-field outcomes in a specific context results in the achievement of specific outcomes. The integration of specific outcomes from a variety of unit standards results in the ability to achieve the exit level outcomes.

    1. Describe the operating principles of fluid power components.

    2. Make up fluid power pipes and tubes.

    3. Install, test and maintain fluid power systems. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:

    1.1 Fluid power components are identified in terms of their purpose.
    1.2 Applications for each component are listed that are in accordance with manufacturer specifications.
    1.3 Induced forces within fluid power components is described in terms of pressure and speed.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:

    2.1 Installation requirements are identified from given situations.
    2.2 Hose and connectors are identified and selected in accordance with specific requirements.
    2.3 Pipes and tubes are made up to given specifications, ensuring that all seals are used as per manufacturer specifications.
    2.4 Pipes and tubes are bent as required without restricting flow.
    2.5 Pipes and tubes are routed to provide optimal flow.
    2.6 Fluid power conveyance systems are cleaned in accordance with recognised procedures.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:

    3.1 Fluid power system requirements are identified from given specifications and drawings.
    3.2 Installation is completed in accordance with given instructions.
    3.3 Fluid power systems are tested for compliance to requirements in accordance with workplace procedures.
    3.4 Faults found are rectified in accordance with workplace procedures.
    3.5 Work is conducted with due regard to the safety of personnel.
    3.6 Instrumentation selected for specific tasks is appropriate to the type of test conducted.
    3.7 Instrumentation is used in accordance with its design.
    3.8 Measurements are within the allowable tolerances.
    3.9 Post installation checks are conducted in accordance with workplace and industry standards.

    Integrated Assessment:

    The integrated assessment must be based on a summative assessment guide. The guide must indicate how the assessor will assess different aspects of the performance and will include:
  • Observing the learner at work (in primary activities as well as in other interactions) or by relevant simulations.
  • Asking questions and initiating short discussions to test understanding.
  • Evaluating records and reports.

    While this is primarily a workplace-based qualification, evidence from other areas of endeavour may be introduced if pertinent to any of the exit level outcomes.

    The assessment process should cover both the explicit tasks required for the qualification as well as the understanding of the concepts and principles that underpin the activities required of fluid power. The assessment process should also establish how the critical outcomes have been advanced by the learning process. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    Fluid Power companies in South Africa are mostly representative of, or affiliated to, international counterparts. Work standards are benchmarked against international best practices, and these practices were used as the basis for compiling unit standards. Major global industry players have contributed to the process of establishing appropriate standards and international comparability. This qualification was compared to similar outcomes-based qualifications in various countries as follows:

    Australia:

    Australia was chosen because its fluid power industry is service-based, similar to South Africa with mining, construction, fishing, agriculture, pulp and paper, automotive and off-shore industry activities that make use of fluid power systems.

    The Australian National Training Authority have developed standards in fluid power that are incorporated into qualifications such as "printing and graphic arts", "automotive industry manufacturing" and "pulp and paper manufacturing", whereas the proposed qualification is directed towards a trade in fluid power.

    The proposed National Certificates are similar to the Australian Standards in that they:
  • Set forth standards for competency based instruction and assessment directly related to the workplace.
  • Outline assessment standards along with assessor qualifications.
  • Require a balanced approach to the qualifications which include application and conceptual understanding of basic principles.
  • Include the availability/process for RPL.
  • Include unit standards.

    The proposed National Certificates differ from the Australian standards in that they:
  • Are specific to fluid power as an individual qualification. The Australian system uses individual Units of Competence regarding pneumatics and hydraulics which form part of engineering certificates.
  • The South African unit standards are more detailed and specific, with progression to different levels.

    United States of America:

    America was chosen because they are the world's largest producer of fluid power components, with 2 of the largest manufacturing companies in the world (Parker and Eaton) having their corporate headquarters situated in Cleveland, Ohio. These companies have global manufacturing facilities and are represented in South Africa.

    There are no mandated national standards for training fluid power technicians in the USA, however, ANSI/FPS/CS 1 specifies the testing procedures for the following career paths:
  • Fluid power mechanic (as defined by the U.S. Department of Labour DOT 600.281-010).
  • Fluid power technician (as defined by the U.S. Department of Labour DOT 007.161-026).
  • Fluid power specialist (as defined by the U.S. Department of Labour DOT 007.061-014).
  • Fluid power engineer.

    Testing is conducted under the auspices of the Fluid Power Certification Board which shall be representative of manufacturers, distributors, users, educators and general interest groups, with no single category being in the majority. Written and practical tests are prepared by qualified fluid power professionals who are approved by the Fluid Power Certification Board.

    The proposed National Certificates are similar to the USA standards in that they:
  • Do not specify training requirements, but identify assessment criteria for competent performance at different levels in fluid power.
  • Are specific to fluid power as an individual qualification.

    The proposed National Certificates differ from the USA standards in that they:
  • Do not have registered unit standards, but give broad requirements of competence, which are set by industry.
  • There are no clear guidelines for progression from one qualification to another.
  • The employers are responsible for determining levels of competence, except for the Fluid Power Engineer, who will be certified by the universities and state licensing boards.
  • Certification is only valid for a period of 5 years, as specified by the Fluid Power Certification Board.

    Japan:

    Japan was selected because they are home to the largest pneumatic manufacturing company in the world (SMC). They also have a large original equipment manufacturer's market using pneumatic components for global distribution.

    Japan has a National Trade Skill Test system which is certified by the government to test the technical skills and knowledge of working people according to uniform standards. This started in 1959 with five specific trades, and was expanded to 137 trades in 2004, including "Pneumatic circuits and apparatus devices assembling" and "Hydraulic systems". The National Trade Skill Test takes place annually and the applicants must take practical and theoretical tests. Upon passing the examination, the Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare or Prefectural Governor issues the successful applicants a diploma and a "Certified Skilled Worker" award.

    The results of the National Trade Skill Tests may be graded as follows:
  • Advanced grade Skills required for managers and supervisors.
  • 1st grade or non-classified grade Skills required for advanced skilled workers.
  • 2nd grade Skills required for intermediate skilled workers.
  • 3rd grade Skills required for novice workers.

    The course content was not available in English and therefore could not be evaluated in detail for comparison.

    Germany:

    Germany was selected because they are a major producer of fluid power components and systems and is home to, amongst others, the following companies that are represented in South Africa: Festo, Bosch Rexroth, Norgren-Herion, Parker Ermeto, Walterscheidt, Voss and Bürkert. Major innovations in hydraulics stem from Germany and are practically applied in South Africa.

    It was identified that Germany does not offer qualifications specific to fluid power, but that they do offer generic mechanical qualifications with courses in hydraulics or pneumatics in agricultural, industrial and automotive fields. These are generally conducted through industry based apprenticeship training with a duration of 42 months, which may be shortened to as little as 2 years, depending on prior learning. Assessments for these trades are undertaken by the Regional "Industrie und Handelskammer".

    Specialised courses are offered by employers to train candidates to industry requirements. Much of this training material has been adopted by South African companies in their training courses. Elements of the MERSETA accredited course in mechatronics is presented by Festo, and most of the training material for that qualification is from Germany.

    Africa:

    It was identified that Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, Swaziland, Mauritius and Malawi do not have specific qualifications in fluid power, but most generic engineering qualifications contain courses in pneumatics and hydraulics. International companies and local mining houses represented in those countries provide short courses to equip candidates with specific skills required for areas of involvement. Generally a tradesman (fitter & turner, maintenance technicians, etc.) is employed to conduct machine maintenance, which includes various elements of fluid power.

    Training equipment and materials have been supplied to the African countries mentioned above by Festo and Parker in South Africa to assist in their training processes. Of these countries, Botswana appears to be the most advanced in this field with government funded vocational colleges, incorporating fluid power training in Gabarone, Jwaneng, Selebi Pikwe, Palapye, Francistown and Maun. Namibia has training centres in Windhoek and in Walvisbay. Mauritius has one training centre in Port Louis. Swaziland has one training centre on the outskirts of Mbabane. Training conducted in these countries is against the same international work standards used in South Africa in the past, and it is anticipated that this qualification will be useful in progressing the training conducted in these countries. Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique have little or no recorded public activity in this field due to current economic rebuilding. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    This qualification leads on from the National Certificate in Fluid Power: Level 2 and leads to the Further Education and Training Certificate in Fluid Power: NQF Level 4. The use of generic unit standards in the qualification also ensures that a learner will not be trapped into a specific context, but may use the unit standards achieved as stepping stones to additional qualifications in engineering.

    Learners may also decide to further their career in one of the following fields:
  • Electrical Engineering (under development).
  • Mechanical Engineering (under development).

    Learners who have achieved this qualification have achieved generic skills that would enable them to follow a career in electrical or mechanical engineering. This qualification articulates horizontally with the following qualifications:
  • National Certificate: Engineering and Related Design, NQF Level 3.
  • ID 48475: National Certificate: Electrical Engineering, NQF Level 3.
  • Technical Certificate: Applied Electrical and Electronic Engineering, NQF Level 3.
  • ID 23274: National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Fitting, NQF Level 3. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Moderators for the qualification should be qualified and accredited with an appropriate ETQA and have a suitable qualification in engineering with a minimum of 5 years experience in fluid power.

    To assure the quality of the assessment process, the moderation should cover at least one of the following:
  • Assessor credentials.
  • The assessment instrument.
  • The assessment process.

    Where assessment and moderation are taking place in sectors other than the relevant SETA, assessment and moderation should be in terms of a memorandum of understanding negotiated with the relevant ETQA. 

  • CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
  • Appropriate qualification in the field of engineering, with a minimum of 5 years experience in the field of fluid power. The subject matter experience of the assessor can be established by recognition of prior learning.
  • Appropriate experience and understanding of assessment theory, processes and practices
  • Good interpersonal skills and ability to balance the conflicting requirements of:
    > Maintaining national standards.
    > The interests of the learner.
    > The need for transformation and redressing the legacies of the past.
    > The cultural background and language of the learner.
  • Registration as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any other criteria required by the relevant ETQA. 

  • NOTES 
    As per the SAQA decision, after consultation with the Quality Councils, to re-register all qualifications and part qualifications on the National Qualifications Framework that meet the criteria for re-registration, this qualification has been re-registered from 1 July 2012.
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  12477  Identify engineering materials, their characteristics and applications and common metal tests used in engineering  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  244717  Clean fluid conveyance systems  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244716  Demonstrate understanding of the operating principles of hydraulic components  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244714  Demonstrate understanding of the operating principles of pneumatic components  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  13117  Install, test and maintain a basic hydraulic system  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Core  13139  Install, test and maintain a basic pneumatic system  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Core  244712  Make up fluid power tube assemblies  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  9885  Read and interpret engineering drawings  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
    Core  244710  Route and install hydraulic and pneumatic tubing  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244704  Select and fit seals in fluid power applications  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  244683  Use and maintain fluid power instrumentation  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119472  Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9010  Demonstrate an understanding of the use of different number bases and measurement units and an awareness of error in the context of relevant calculations  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9013  Describe, apply, analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119457  Interpret and use information from texts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9012  Investigate life and work related problems using data and probabilities  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119467  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  7456  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business and national issues  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119465  Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  13214  Operate and monitor a drilling machine to produce simple components  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  13205  Operate and monitor a lathe to produce simple components  Level 2  NQF Level 02  12 
    Elective  13204  Operate and monitor a milling machine to produce simple components  Level 2  NQF Level 02  12 
    Elective  13215  Operate and monitor a surface grinding machine to produce simple components  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  13234  Apply quality procedures  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  113899  Demonstrate an understanding of basic programmable logic controllers  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  12429  Develop a personal financial plan  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  12456  Explain and use organisational procedures  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244709  Make up hydraulic hose assemblies  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  9526  Manage basic business finance  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244705  Remove and fit pneumatic components  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244715  Repair a hydraulic cylinder  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244713  Repair and test a pneumatic cylinder  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  244711  Repair fixed displacement pumps and motors  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  116720  Show understanding of diversity in the workplace  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  13274  Test the physical properties of engineering metals  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  116940  Use a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-based spreadsheet application to solve a given problem  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  119078  Use a GUI-based word processor to enhance a document through the use of tables and columns  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  243052  Weld carbon steel workpieces using the cored-wire welding process in all positions  Level 3  NQF Level 03 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Quality Assuring Bodies have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Quality Assuring Body should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.