|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|National Certificate: Small Scale Mining|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|90655||National Certificate: Small Scale Mining|
|QCTO Task Team - Mining and Minerals|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|MQA - Mining Qualifications Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|National Certificate||Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology||Fabrication and Extraction|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||124||Not Applicable||NQF Level 03||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
There is international evidence that Small Scale Mining contributes to rural economic development and poverty alleviation (MMSD report, 2002). The National Certificate: Small Scale Mining will assist the process of empowering those who were previously disadvantaged and excluded in obtaining formal certification in mining disciplines.
This qualification is aimed at those responsible for running and operating a Small Scale Mine, and therefore is comprised of all the competencies required to mine. Briefly, the core component will address areas such as Occupational Health, Safety and Environment, basic supervisory skills, rock engineering, geology and basic engineering practices.
This qualification will give learners the opportunity to balance their practical skills with the essential knowledge to operate a Small Scale Mine. It is aimed at learners who work or intend to work within a small mining context and who seek recognition for essential skills in small-scale mining operations.
Learners credited with this qualification are able to:
Small Scale Mining is an active part of the South African and International mining economies. Small Scale Mining may be classified as formal (registered, regulated and adhering to legislative frameworks) or informal (often unregistered and not adhering to statutory guidelines).
Formal and informal Small Scale Mining is regionally based and is usually associated with small producing companies, although small specialist service companies may fit the definition of small scale. Although formal Small Scale Mining tends to be more stable than the informal sector, it still may be seasonal in nature (dependant on commodity) and therefore the population fluctuates. Small Scale miners are involved in all mineral commodities however the difference is the scale of operations and the level of technology deployed.
Small Scale Mining occurs generally in those mines employing fewer than 50 people. There has been, over the past ten years, an increase in historically disadvantaged South Africans operating in the Small Scale sector. There is a critical need in the industry for competent miners who are able to conduct the operations associated with efficient and safe small-scale mining. It is essential that the sector is regulated and formal qualifications in this field go a long way towards regulation. The aim is to mine the resource optimally and in a sustainable manner in compliance with relevant legislatory requirements.
The majority of the learners for this qualification are likely to be working in the mining and minerals sector. However this does not preclude new entrants to this sector. The range of learners will span from informal miners who are operating at a below optimum level through to new entrants to the sector, many of whom have a higher level of education than the traditional mining community.
This is the third qualification in a learning pathway of four qualifications for Small Scale Mining operations. This qualification follows on from the National Certificate: Small Scale Mining, NQF Level 2. Learners who have achieved this qualification can progress to the Further Education and Training Certificate: Mining Operations NQF Level 4 (Small Scale Mining stream). This qualification has four specialisation streams to follow, based on the different mining environments.
This qualification will enable small-scale miners to mine more efficiently and in a safe, healthy and environmentally responsible manner.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):
This qualification may be obtained through Recognition of Prior Learning. There are various entry points into this qualification depending on the learner`s level of education and skills/training. It is accessible to all people working in the sector.
The criteria for RPL would need to be in line with the MQA's QAP requirements.
Evidence can be presented in a variety of forms, including international or previous local qualifications, reports, testimonials mentioning functions performed, performance records, portfolios and videos of practice.
All such evidence would be judged according to the general principles of assessment.
Access to the Qualification:
National Certificate: Small Scale Mining, NQF Level 2.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
|A minimum of 124 Credits is required to complete the qualification. In this qualification, credits are allocated as follows:
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Communicate and solve problems in a small scale mining environment.
2. Demonstrate an understanding of Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental principles used in the workplace.
3. Conduct operations in a Small Scale Mine.
4. Demonstrate an understanding of basic geology and rock strata control principles.
5. Demonstrate understanding of basic engineering and maintenance principles.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes:
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes have been addressed by the exit level outcomes as follows:
While performing operations in a small scale mine, qualifying learners are able to:
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
> Range: Must include but are not limited to Mining processes, Extraction Processes and Business Management.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:
Integrated Assessment evaluates the quality of observable performance as well as the thinking behind the performance, and culminates with a summative assessment. The assessor will assess different aspects of the performance and will include:
The learner may choose in which language s/he wants to be assessed. This should be established as part of a process of preparing the learner for assessment and familiarising the learner with the approach being taken.
|Mining occurs in some 80 regions of the world including Africa, South East Asia, South America, India and China.
There are no full qualifications in this sector known to be offered anywhere in the world at this time, but there are a number of skills development practices in Small Scale Mining worldwide and this qualification encompasses the contents of those interventions.
According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) nearly 13 million people are engaged in Small Scale Mining and an estimated 100 million depend on it for their livelihoods.
The Small Scale Mining population includes a large proportion of women (an estimated 50%) and, in some countries, child labour is deployed.
Communities and Small Scale Mining (CASM) is an international organisation formed in 2001 to coordinate activities internationally in this sub sector.
Through a holistic approach, CASM aims to reduce poverty by building sustainable communities in those countries where artisanal and small-scale mining is an important economic activity with positive potential contributions to development.
The strategy to achieve this goal is based on four pillars:
These strategies are in line with the thinking that has informed the National Certificate: Small Scale Mining, NQF Level 3.
Practical Action Consulting - formerly Intermediate Technology Consultants (ITC) - deliver small-scale mining training related to safe and environmentally benign prospection, extraction, processing, value-adding and marketing of mineral materials, in various regions all over the world.
It was decided to compare the qualification against learning outcomes from the following countries or regions:
Zambia is a member of the SADC community and has a stable post-colonial government. The mining industry has benefited from the expertise of large international companies operating in the country. Business Development Seminars and field trips for Small Scale gemstone miners were conducted by CSA, an Irish based consultancy group. Each participant was asked to prepare a business plan for their own operation which was then critiqued and evaluated.
Mozambique, another SADC country, borders on South Africa. The country is still suffering after an extended civil war and huge efforts are being made to restore the economy and infrastructure. This CSA managed artisanal mining baseline study project involved providing technical assistance in the areas of health, safety and environmental issues for Small Scale miners in the province of Zambezia, Mozambique. The project also evaluated the capacity of the ministry to implement a regulatory framework for Small Scale miners.
Madagascar, an island state on the East of Africa, does not have a well-developed infrastructure and many areas are remote and inaccessible. Much of the mining activities take place on a small scale. The CSA managed artisanal mining baseline study training forms part of the World Banks Reform of the mining sector programme and covered areas such as health and safety, technical capacity, environmental standards and income and livelihoods. The gold sales chain was analysed from each province and resulted in the design of a taxation framework for the gold sales chain.
Zimbabwe, a neighbouring country and SADC member, is currently experiencing economic difficulty. Small scale mining offers a living to many people. Women in mining project, by the Intermediate Technology Group involved a training school which offered courses in geology, mining, law, processing and marketing. Lecturers were drawn from universities and state ministries.
Peru is a Southern American State with a developing economy. The mining industry is not well developed. World learning assisted in setting up educational programmes for children who were assisting their parents in artisanal mining in Peru. The project involved community participation and liaison with school authorities to formalise the educational inputs.
India is one of the fastest growing economies of the world. There is however also great poverty and small scale mining is being developed strategically as a means of alleviating poverty. India is among the top ten mineral producing nations in the World and approximately 90% of production is based on small mines. There is a need for cleaner production techniques given the poor safety and environmental standards of Small Scale miners.
These various training programmes aim to identify the reasons for poor performance of small processing plants which include lack of capital, lack of spare parts, inaccurate sampling methods, inadequate training and lack of government support.
Training and skills development offered included:
The National Certificate: Small Scale Mining, NQF Level 3 covers all of the above themes. The educational component is covered in the fundamentals.
The National Certificate: Small Scale Mining, NQF Level 3 qualification compares favourably with the courses offered in other countries.
|This qualification articulates vertically with the following qualifications:
This qualification articulates horizontally with the following qualifications:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|Assessors should be in possession of:
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2015.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||243772||Display understanding of the mechanical and electrical engineering discipline processes and procedures||Level 2||NQF Level 02||6|
|Core||259604||Verify compliance to safety, health and environmental requirements in the workplace||Level 2||NQF Level 02||4|
|Core||120330||Conduct a continuous risk assessment in a workplace||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||115704||Demonstrate elementary knowledge and understanding of geology related to mining||Level 3||NQF Level 03||1|
|Core||421841||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of a Small Scale Mine Business Plan||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||115749||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of strata control||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Core||244422||Demonstrate knowledge of the most common harmful gases and vapours||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||254588||Demonstrate the ability to understand and promote the implementation of rock-related mining standards as a strata control function||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||421846||Establish and maintain community involvement with a small-scale mining operation||Level 3||NQF Level 03||10|
|Core||116714||Lead a team, plan, allocate and assess their work||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||421847||Market small-scale mining products||Level 3||NQF Level 03||6|
|Core||242810||Manage Expenditure against a budget||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Core||10981||Supervise work unit to achieve work unit objectives (individuals and teams)||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Fundamental||119472||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9010||Demonstrate an understanding of the use of different number bases and measurement units and an awareness of error in the context of relevant calculations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Fundamental||9013||Describe, apply, analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9012||Investigate life and work related problems using data and probabilities||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||7456||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business and national issues||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119465||Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||421843||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of diamond marketing||Level 2||NQF Level 02||3|
|Elective||421844||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of sorting and evaluating diamonds||Level 2||NQF Level 02||3|
|Elective||421845||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the history of diamond mining||Level 2||NQF Level 02||2|
|Elective||13961||Demonstrate Knowledge and Use of Hand Operated Fire Fighting Equipment||Level 2||NQF Level 02||4|
|Elective||257021||Doze material using a rubber wheel dozer||Level 2||NQF Level 02||14|
|Elective||257024||Haul and dump material using a haul truck||Level 2||NQF Level 02||11|
|Elective||257031||Load, Haul and Dump material using a front end loader||Level 2||NQF Level 02||16|
|Elective||421848||Operate a diamond jig||Level 2||NQF Level 02||5|
|Elective||421849||Operate a diamond pan||Level 2||NQF Level 02||5|
|Elective||120496||Provide risk-based primary emergency care/first aid in the workplace||Level 2||NQF Level 02||5|
|Elective||257029||Pump water using a De-watering Pump||Level 2||NQF Level 02||4|
|Elective||113836||Apply basic computer technology||Level 3||NQF Level 03||11|
|Elective||257041||Bar down loose rocks using appropriate equipment||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||257095||Carry out basic surveying and calculations in surface excavations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Elective||421842||Demonstrate an understanding of the Diamond Amendment Act (Act 30 of 2005)||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||230010||Demonstrate knowledge of the geological nature of surface extraction sites||Level 3||NQF Level 03||6|
|Elective||254069||Demonstrate knowledge of the operation and maintenance of mechanical and electrical equipment||Level 3||NQF Level 03||10|
|Elective||257016||Examine and make safe non-blasted surface excavations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||257076||Excavate and load material using hydraulic excavator||Level 3||NQF Level 03||26|
|Elective||376480||Provide first aid as an advanced first responder||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Elective||257057||Read and interpret surface excavation plans||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||253016||Read and understand a mine plan and transfer recorded information onto mine plans||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||421850||Supply and control consumables on a small-scale mine||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||263474||Manage finances of a new venture||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||114589||Manage time productively||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.