SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of entrepreneurship and develop entrepreneurial qualities 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
10006  Demonstrate an understanding of entrepreneurship and develop entrepreneurial qualities 
ORIGINATOR
Interim SGB for Business, Commerce, Mgmnt Studies 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Generic Management 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
ABET Level 4  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A candidate credited with this general competence will be able to: discuss entrepreneurship; identify and describe the characteristics of a successful entrepreneur; identify, assess and improve learners? individual entrepreneurial characteristics and discuss business ethics and social responsibility. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
None. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Discuss entrepreneurship. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Entrepreneurship is described and discussed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Different types of business are identified, described and discussed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Service providers; manufacturing, trade and retail industries; Sole Traders ; Partnership ; Close Corporations ; Co-operatives and Companies
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Advantages and disadvantages of entrepreneurship are discussed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
At least 3 of each
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The role of entrepreneurship in social development is explained and discussed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Job Creation; Local Wealth Creation; Negation of the Migrant Labour, Urbanisation; Empowerment
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Enabling programs for the entrepreneur are identified. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
e.g. Ntsika; Khula; local business service centres and providers
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Identify and describe the characteristics of a successful entrepreneur. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Characteristics of a successful entrepreneur are identified. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Ability to identify opportunities; ability to make informed decisions; Ability to manage risk, time management
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Characteristics of a successful entrepreneur are listed and described. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Case studies should be used to analyse successful entrepreneurs.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The importance of each characteristic is analysed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Ability to identify opportunities; ability to make informed decisions; Ability to manage risk, time management.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Identify, assess and improve individual entrepreneurial characteristics. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Individual/personal entrepreneurial characteristics are identified and listed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Questionnaires should be developed for personal entrepreneurial characteristics
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Individual/personal characteristics are assessed against the general entrepreneurial characteristics. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Assessment should be followed by confidential counselling by the facilitator
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Ways to address shortcomings is developed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Could include e.g. skills training, assertiveness training.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Strategies to address shortcomings are implemented. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Discuss business ethics and social responsibility. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The importance of business ethics is discussed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Honesty; Justice; Fairness; Honouring of contracts
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The need for social responsibility in business is discussed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Social responsibility is used to redress imbalances. Inter-relationship between ethics and a code of conduct will be discussed
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The inter-relationship between business ethics and a code of conduct is discussed. 


UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
1. Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively;
2. Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities;
3. Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts;
4. Exploring education and career opportunities; and
5. Developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 


Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation and community. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
Organise and manage oneself and one?s activities responsibly and effectively. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environments and health of others. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
  ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
Core  61755   General Education and Training Certificate: Business Practice  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
Core  50584   General Education and Training Certificate: Clothing Manufacturing Processes  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
Core  20813   National Certificate: Construction Contracting  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
Elective  71751   General Education and Training Certificate: Adult Basic Education and Training  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
Elective  24153   General Education and Training Certificate: Adult Basic Education and Training  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2008-09-13  Was ETDP SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Elective  48495   General Education and Training Certificate: Water Services  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
Elective  23193   GETC in Ancillary Health Care  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2005-02-13  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Elective  23853   GETC: Domestic Services  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
Elective  22977   National Certificate: Construction: Roadworks  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2005-12-04  CETA 
Elective  20287   National Certificate: Farming  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
Elective  20183   National Certificate: Banking  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2015-06-30  BANKSETA 
Elective  59015   National Certificate: Gas Installations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CHIETA 
Elective  80786   National Certificate: Home-Care Practices  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
Elective  49056   National Certificate: Domestic Appliance Repair  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
Elective  23094   Further Education and Training Certificate: Development Practice  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2009-09-09  ETDP SETA 
Elective  23708   National Certificate: Community Water, Sanitation and Health Facilitation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2008-06-11  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Elective  23095   Higher Education and Training Certificate: Development Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 


PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
 
1. Abakholwe Community Developers (Pty) Ltd 
2. Abasizi Contractor Development Services Pty Ltd 
3. Academy for Construction Skills (Pty) Ltd (ACS) 
4. AFRICAN ACAD.FOR COM.ASSIS.ENGINEERING 
5. African Dream Campus 
6. AGB Finance 
7. Aldabri 106 (PTY) Ltd 
8. ALLINA FRANCIS (SA) 
9. Amagema Development and Social Consultants 
10. Amber Tower Training 
11. Amokoro Training (PTY) Ltd 
12. Apparel Component Manufacturers Pty Ltd 
13. Aranda Learnership College (Pty) Ltd 
14. Aranda Textile Mills Pty Ltd 
15. Asemhle Trading 
16. Assured Vocational Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
17. Avad Projects (Pty) Ltd 
18. Aveng Grinaker -LTA Civil Engineering 
19. Babina Tlou Trading and Projects cc 
20. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
21. BALOMAT SKILLS TRAINING ACADEMY 
22. Beaches Clothing Cc 
23. Becoz Empire Multi-Choice and Trading Primary Co-operative Limited 
24. Better beginning trading and projects pty ltd 
25. BH Training and Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
26. BOLAND COLLEGE 
27. Bonenhle Investments 
28. Bopaditshaba Community Project 
29. Bosasa Youth Development Centres (Pty) Ltd 
30. Brightness Fashion and Design Academy cc 
31. Buna Construction And Projects 
32. Buyisiwe Management Services 
33. CAMBLISH TRAINING INSTITUTE PTY LTD 
34. Cape Town Workbased Learning Academy 
35. Capricorn FET College - Central Office 
36. Capricorn TVET College 
37. Careerlinx Business Services (Pty) Ltd 
38. CAROLINE'S FASHION ENTERPRISE 
39. CENTRE FOR CAREER GUIDANCE AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT CC 
40. Changing Women 
41. Chippa Training Academy (Pty) Ltd 
42. College of Cape Town - Athlone Campus 
43. Construction Resource Development Centre 
44. Contra-Lit Pty Ltd 
45. Corporate skills Development services 
46. Cre8tion Projects 6 PTY LTD 
47. CRG Group (Pty) Ltd 
48. D M Management and Consulting 
49. Dabulamanzi & Njabulo Ndaba Consulting cc 
50. DEE& DUU TRAINING INSTITUTE 
51. Dego Consultants 
52. Dieketseng Training Centre 
53. DITEBOGO CONSULTANCY CC 
54. Do It Again Academy (Pty) Ltd 
55. Eastcape Training Centre 
56. Ebotse Development and Training Centre 
57. Eddels Shoes Pty Ltd 
58. Egsibit Training and Development 
59. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
60. Elata Management Consultants 
61. Eldonai School of Fashion (Pty) Ltd 
62. Elimofo Trading& Projects 
63. ENTELEKEY GROUP 
64. Ergo-Maphelong Institute 
65. ES Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
66. Esethu Manufacturing, Packaging, Printing & Design (Pty) Ltd 
67. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
68. Ezandleni-Ezethu Trading (Pty) Ltd 
69. FALSE BAY TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING COLLEGE 
70. Fezile Fashion Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd 
71. Firstrand Bank - Benmore 
72. Future-Teacher (Pty) Ltd 
73. Georgia Clothing CC 
74. Glicam Trading Enterprise 
75. GNS ENTERPRISE (PTY) LTD 
76. Golden Era Group of Companies 
77. Green Enviro & Projects (Pty)Ltd 
78. Gufferty Consulting 
79. Hlumanathi Trading PTY LTD 
80. HLUVUKA TRAINING AND CONSULTING 
81. Hoseah Training and Manufacturing NPC 
82. Hot To Go Training College and Services 
83. I Care Resource Centre 
84. Ideal Method Trading & Projects 
85. Ifodo Skills Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
86. Ikemeleng Training and Development Services 
87. IMBAWULA CIVIL ENGINEERING ACADEMY 
88. Imbeleko Community Development Projects 
89. Impangela Trading 
90. Impela Trading cc 
91. In Touch Community Development & Project Managers 
92. Injiya Trading and Projects 
93. INKWENKWEZI PRIVATE COLLEGE - SKILLS DEVELOPMENT cc 
94. Inter-Coastal Business & Property Services cc 
95. INTERMASIKO CC 
96. Inyapa Vhusiku Consulting Pty Ltd 
97. IQ Skills Academy (PTY) LTD. 
98. IQHAYIYA COMMUNITY COLLEGE (Legacy) 
99. IQRAAM DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
100. Isamon Integrated 
101. Isamon Vocational College of Excellence Pty Ltd 
102. ISHUMI LAMASHANDU TRADING 
103. Isibani Skills Academy 
104. Isibani Soluntu Development Trust 
105. Ithemba Lomphakathi Community Organisation 
106. IZWE TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
107. Jeppe College of Commerce and Computer Studies 
108. Jumpstart Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
109. Kenako Investments 
110. Khosi JS Designs (Pty) Ltd 
111. KHOSITHI TRAINING 
112. Khwinana Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
113. KINGSBURY INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE SA (PTY) LTD (Middelburg)(TP) 
114. KINGSBURY INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE SA PTY LTD 
115. KITSO TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
116. KNK Largesuccess Construction 
117. Kudis Designs and Supply 
118. KWAZULU NATAL AVUXENI COMPUTER AND TRAINING CENTRE (PTY) LTD 
119. KWAZULU NATAL EXPERIMENTAL COLLEGE 
120. KWEM Management Solutions 
121. Lesiphosethu Clothing Manufacturing & Training (Pty) Ltd 
122. Letaba TVET College 
123. LFS DESIGNS 
124. Light and Life Centre 
125. Lilunzo Creations 
126. LLSM (Pty) Ltd 
127. Longata Consultant 
128. Lucky Neo (Pty) Ltd 
129. Lukhele Training and Development Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
130. Lusama Developmental Agency Projects 
131. Macsen Construction & Projects 
132. Majuba TVET College 
133. Makhendama Legacy (Pty) Ltd 
134. Malkai Devrani Holding (PTY) Ltd 
135. Mamello Service Excellence 
136. Mangalisa Group (Pty) Ltd 
137. Mapheto Business Enterprises t/a MBE 
138. Marematlou Training Institute 
139. MARKET DEMAND TRADING 597 PTY LTD 
140. Masana Social Consultants cc 
141. Master Patterns by Rona 
142. Matatiele Fashion Design Academy (Pty) Ltd 
143. MATHOSIM TRIMMING AND UPHOLSTERY 
144. Melenial Media (Pty) Ltd 
145. MENTORNET (PTY) LTD 
146. MFISA 
147. MICROMATICA 384 (PTY) LTD 
148. Mkhosana Civils and Skills Development 
149. MMBG Trading & Consulting 
150. Mnambithi TVET College 
151. Modilete Training 
152. Montana Skills Development Agency 
153. Mopani South East FET College - Central Office 
154. Motheo FET College - Central Office 
155. Mpilende Training and Technology Solutions 
156. Mthoms Trading 
157. MZANTSI TRUCK & BUS (Uitenhage) 
158. Nascence Education and Training Solutions 
159. NCHEBEKO SKILLS CONSULTANCY 
160. Nchuncheko Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
161. NDIMASE TRADING 
162. Ndoma Mathodi Trading Enterprise 
163. Nedbank Ltd 
164. NELLY-SGUEEJE TRADING 
165. NEMJA SECURITY AND PROJECTS CC 
166. New Business Initiative Management Consultancy 
167. Ngaphakathi Investments 
168. Nguni Shades SA School of Fashion 
169. Nkqubela Community Developers 
170. Nokuthula Dube & Associates 
171. NOLOSHA 
172. NOMAKU TRADERS CC 
173. NOMASOJABULA TRAINING CENTRE 
174. Northern Cape Rural TVET College 
175. NORTHLINK COLLEGE 
176. Northlink TVET College 
177. NSINGWENI CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
178. NSJ Agricultural Farming And Multipurpose 
179. Ntevho-Ketso Training and Recruitement Consultancy cc 
180. NTI College 
181. Ntingantakandini Training, Education and Development Company 
182. Ntongenhle Construction Force 
183. ONE4ALL TRAINING ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
184. OTP 
185. Oyama Kulwazi Training & Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
186. P&R Development and Training (Pty) Ltd 
187. Phala Projects cc 
188. Philani Training and Development Solutions NPC 
189. Pinus Tech Technologies Trading and Projects 
190. PMA Holding (Pty) Ltd 
191. POINT COACH WORKS T/A SUPERTECHNIK (Durban) 
192. Polly Maths Sci (Pty) Ltd 
193. Poly Maths Sci (Pty) Ltd 
194. Positive Thinking Consultants CC 
195. Professional Development and Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
196. PROMINENT EMZANSI PROJECTS 
197. Protech Training (Pty) Ltd 
198. Qualfurn Training & Projects 
199. Qualfurn Training & Projects (Pty) Ltd 
200. Rally Business Consulting PTY LTD 
201. Re Tshepeng Holdings 
202. Realeboga Training Provider 
203. Reata Services (Pty) Ltd 
204. REFSET BUSINESS ENTERPRISES 
205. Retshetse Training Project 
206. Ribach Academy 
207. RUBICON COMMUNICATIONS 
208. Safe Heavens Properties (Pty) Ltd 
209. Salutary Corporations 
210. Sarva Dharma Ashram 
211. SEDA Construction Incubator Trust 
212. Sefudi Business Solutions 
213. Sejamo Construction and Training 
214. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
215. SEOPOSENGOE TRAINING CONSULTANCY CC 
216. Sesamkelokuhle Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
217. Setlakala Business Development 
218. Sew Africa Training Centre 
219. SEWAFRICA Marketing (Pty) Ltd 
220. SHEET PLASTIC MARKETING CC 
221. Sheet Plastic Pty Ltd 
222. Sigodi Development Services and Associates (SDS) cc 
223. Sinethemba Visiwe PTY LTD 
224. SITAMELA SIVE TRADING CC 
225. Siyahumelela Training Academy 
226. SIYAYA SKILLS CAPE 
227. SIYAYA SKILLS INSTITUTE EASTERN CAPE 
228. Skills Fusion 
229. Somvi General Services 
230. SOUTH AFRICA ADVANCED SKILLS INSTITUTE 
231. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
232. South African Advanced Skills Institute 
233. South African Value Education (Pty) Ltd 
234. South Cape Public FET College - George Campus 
235. Southern African Institute of Learning (SAIL) 
236. Southern African Youth Movement 
237. Sphola Consulting CC 
238. Spotru Training Centre 
239. SPS Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
240. STEP AHEAD BUSINESS TRAINING 
241. Striving Mind Trading & Projects 
242. SW Skills Wise (Pty) Ltd 
243. SWARANANG DEVELOPMENT AGENCY 
244. T Mdlatu Trading Enterprise cc 
245. Talent for Sewing 
246. TALENT SCULPTURE ACADEMY 
247. Taletso FET College - Central Office 
248. Tembe Service Providers 
249. Thabelanang t/a Thabelanang Trading Enterprise 
250. ThabileTrade 1054 cc 
251. THANDEKA VOCATIONAL EDUCATION TRUST (PTY) LTD 
252. The Brokers Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
253. The Business Zone 352 
254. The Fundamentals Training Centre 
255. THE GMC GROUP PTY LTD 
256. The Institute of Fashion and Garment Technology (Pty) Ltd 
257. The Tailor Shop School of Tailoring and Dress Design Training Centre (Pty) Ltd 
258. Thembekile training consulting 
259. Thitha Training and Development Services 
260. Thuto Botshabelo Training Academy 
261. Thuto Ya Setshaba Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
262. Thuto-Botshabelo Training and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
263. Tidlobi Developmental Activities NPC 
264. Tinissa Trading 29 PTY Ltd 
265. Tirisano Ya Bakwena Consultants CC 
266. Tiro Training & Skill Centre (Pty) Ltd 
267. Tius Consultants 
268. Tjeka Training Matters Pty Ltd 
269. Tlhogi''s Consulting and Projects 
270. Tlhole Foundation (PTY) LTD 
271. TMG Quality Services 
272. TOBAKA LOGISTICS 
273. True Ruby Trading 1021 cc 
274. Tshwane North College 
275. Tsiku Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
276. TSK Projects 
277. TV Training (Pty) Ltd 
278. Ubuhle Bengcebo 
279. Ulwazi Training & Development 
280. Umbuso Training Services 
281. Umfolozi TVET College (Richards Bay) 
282. Umgungundlovu FET College - Central Office 
283. Uphiwekonke Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
284. UTHUNGULU HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT 
285. Valoworx 278 
286. Value at Hand (Pty) Ltd 
287. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
288. Vhembe TVET College 
289. VPK BUSINESS VENTURE C C 
290. Waterberg FET College - Central Office 
291. West Coast Public FET College - Central Office 
292. Western Cape Clothing and Textiles Service Centre 
293. Wildfire Development Training Agency 
294. World Pace Development & Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
295. ZA GEAR 
296. Zakhele Jwarha Trading PTY LTD 
297. Zama Training & Developments 
298. Zama Zama Training Centre 
299. Zibuyile Consulting and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
300. Zwartkop Training Centre 



All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.