SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Cost and price a product 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114737  Cost and price a product 
ORIGINATOR
SGB GET & FET Business, Commerce and Mngment Stud 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Finance, Economics and Accounting 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard is for people who are responsible for controlling the finances of a small business or who are responsible for the bookkeeping aspect of financial management in larger organisations.

Qualifying learners will be able to:
  • Calculate the total costs involved in producing a product
  • Distinguish between fixed and variable costs
  • Carry out a break-even analysis
  • Know how to calculate the selling price of a product. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in Communication, Mathematical Literacy and Accounting at NQF Level 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • A person may exhibit this competence in the private and/ or the public sector.
  • VAT returns are included. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Calculate the total production, administration, selling and distribution costs of a product. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The costs involved in producing a product are identified, including the apportionment of overheads 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The total production cost of a product is calculated using all available information 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Distinguish between fixed and variable costs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The differences between fixed and variable costs is explained using examples of each 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The factors increasing or decreasing variable costs are explained with examples 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Ways in which the variable costs associated with the production of a particular product by an organization can be reduced are identified and an explanation given of the advantages and disadvantages of implementing each 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Carry out simple break-even analysis. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of break-even for a small business is explained with examples 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The necessary sales volumes to reach break-even for an organisation are calculated using total cost of production. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Break-even analysis is used to make investment, pricing and purchasing decisions 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Calculate a selling price by using the mark-up or the margin. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concepts of "mark-up" and "profit" are explained with examples 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The selling prices of a product are calculated using Mark-up and profit and a recommendation is made as to the advantages and disadvantages of each method of calculation for the product in question 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Apply the concepts of chargeable hours and total hours worked. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Apply the concepts of chargeable hours and total hours worked to the costing and pricing of a product. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concepts of "chargeable hours" and "total hours worked" are explained using examples from an organization 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The cost and resultant price of a product are calculated using Chargeable hours 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The cost and resultant price of a product are calculated using a costing for total hours worked and an explanation given of why chargeable hours is generally used for this purpose 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA,or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and language skills in the modes of oral and written presentations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically (showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others). 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Be culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48736   National Certificate: Small Business Financial Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FASSET 
    Core  49119   National Certificate: Craft Operational Management  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Elective  58779   Further Education and Training Certificate: Production Technology  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  36153   National Certificate: Polymer Composite Fabrication  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Career Pathing Solutions (Pty) Ltd (KRUGERSDORP) (TP) 
    2. College of Production Technology 
    3. CREATIVE FOUNDATION TRAINING 
    4. HV Consultants (Pty) Ltd (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    5. Institute of Business Management 
    6. JESUA CONSULTANTS (Hartenbos) (WA) 
    7. Jesua Consultants (Pty) Ltd (MOSSEL BAY) (TP) 
    8. MacSteel Services Centres SA (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    9. OPTIMUM LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    10. Organisation Development International (Pty) Ltd (CENTURION) (TP) 
    11. Organisational Development International (TP) 
    12. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    13. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    14. Plastics Federation of South Africa (WESTMEAD) (TP) 
    15. Production Management Institute 
    16. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa (PMI) 
    17. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa (PMI) - Johannesburg 
    18. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa - Durban 
    19. PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE SA PTY LTD (PORT ELIZABETH) 
    20. QTE Training & Consulting cc T/A QTE (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    21. Rema Tip Top SA (Pty) Ltd (BENONI) (TP) 
    22. Sabela Learning Academy 
    23. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    24. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    25. THE NEW RECLAMATION GROUP (PTY) LTD (Prospecton) (TP) 
    26. Training for Results (Pty) Ltd 
    27. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Training Force (Pty) Ltd (Durban) (TP) 
    29. Wide Horizon Advanced Training (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.