SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Plan and maintain breeding systems 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116318  Plan and maintain breeding systems 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2015-07-01  2018-06-30  SAQA 10105/14 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2019-06-30   2022-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Qualifying learners are capable of understanding basic genetic principles, planning and maintaining breeding systems, methods and management of farm animals.

Learners will gain specific knowledge and skills in animal production field, specifically in the area of breeding management and will be able to operate in an animal production environment implementing sustainable and economically viable production principles.

They will be capacitated to gain access to the mainstream agricultural sector, in animal production, impacting directly on the sustainability of the sub-sector. The improvement in production technology will also have a direct impact on the improvement of agricultural productivity of the sector. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
It is assumed that a learner attempting this unit standard will show competence against the following unit standards or equivalent:
  • NQF 3: Apply advanced breeding practices for farm animals.
  • NQF 3: Explain the prevention and treatment of animal health.
  • NQF 4: Explain functional animal anatomy and physiology.
  • NQF 4: Apply procedures to manage damage control in animals and victims.
  • NQF 4: Explain animal classification and natural history. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Whilst range statements have been defined generically to include as wide a set of alternatives as possible, all range statements should be interpreted within the specific context of application.

    Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain and understand the basic genetic principles pertaining to farm animals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Farm animals may include but are not limited to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, game, fish and other as relevant to the context of operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An understanding of the concept of heritability, repeatability and fertility of farm animals is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The differences between genotype and phenotype is explained and understood. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The basic genetic principles relating to farm animals in the breeding programme are distinguished and explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Plan and maintain breeding systems for farm animals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Farm animals may include but are not limited to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, game, fish and other as relevant to the context of operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The breeding system is interpreted and maintained as part of the production cycle. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The differences between breeding systems for farm animals is classified and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Knowledge of breeding is integrated into a breeding system and breeding programme for farm animals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The differences in breeding seasons amongst farm animals are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The differences in breeding season with regard to planning of a breeding programme are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Compare and understand the different breeding methods that can be applied to farm animals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Farm animals may include but are not limited to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, game, fish and other as relevant to the context of operation. Breeding methods include group breeding, hand breeding, artificial inseminations and other. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The various types of breeding methods are compared and understood. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Applicability of breeding methods is explained and integrated into a breeding programme. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Advantages and disadvantages of a breeding method are identified and explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain and maintain a breeding management programme for farm animals. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Farm animals may include but are not limited to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, game, fish and other as relevant to the context of operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Management of non-pregnant farm animals is explained according to nutrition, health, environment and other factors. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The management of early pregnant farm animals is understood according to nutrition, health, environment and other factors. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Management of late pregnant farm animals is explained according to nutrition, health, environment and other factors. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The management of post partum farm animals is explained according to nutrition, health, environment and other factors. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Oestrus animals are separated out for breeding and also to monitor the overall fertility status of the herd/flock. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Management of the male animals for the breeding season is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Pregnancy diagnosis methods are identified and described. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

    It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

    The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes; critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

    The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

    Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

    The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then they should not be assessed as competent.

    Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

    Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • Farm practices
  • Basic planning principles
  • Basic knowledge of nutrition
  • Knowledge of genetics and reproduction
  • Application of breeding methods in a management programme
  • Management skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Purpose of this learning is to understand basic genetics and the integration of breeding methods into a breeding management programme
  • Communication and reporting skills
  • Understand the events, effects and implications of a breeding programme 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem Solving: relates to outcomes:
  • Plan and maintain breeding systems for farm animals. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork: relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-Management: relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Interpreting Information: relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication: relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use Technology and Science: relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Inter relatedness: relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Self-development: relates to all outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48979   National Certificate: Animal Production  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Reregistered  2018-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    2. Bathopele HR and Management Consultants 
    3. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    4. Cedara College of Agriculture 
    5. Leruo ke Matla Training and Enterprise Development Services 
    6. Mananthatshema Skills Dev. Centre 
    7. Matotomana Training & Gen Trading 
    8. Morwa Agri-development cc 
    9. Mvelo Consultant 
    10. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    11. Setlakala Business Development 
    12. Skills Fusion 
    13. Suidwes Beleggings Eiendoms Beperk 
    14. TPN Training and Recruitment cc 
    15. Tripple R Training Provider 
    16. Vari Consulting 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.