SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify and explain ICT risks and recommend security solutions 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117926  Identify and explain ICT risks and recommend security solutions 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Computer Sciences and Information Systems 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain and differentiate between Information Technology and Communication Technology.
  • Explain what is risk.
  • Describe information security problems and recommend simple solutions.
  • Describe computer viruses and virus attacks.
  • Describe the management of computer viruses using anti-virus software.

    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit standard is calculated assuming a person is competent in:
  • Mathematical literacy and communication skills at least at NQF Level 3.
  • Describe the application and effect of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on society (ID 117928 - NQF Level 4). 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain and differentiate between Information Technology and Communication Technology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Information Technology and Communication Technologies (ICT) is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Differentiate between Information Technology and Communications Technology.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Explain how information and communication technologies have converged. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Cable Internet, Web TV, Gaming consoles, WAP, GPRS.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Explain the benefits of converging technology. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain what is Risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explain what are risks/threats (general definition). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Identify and explain what risks are associated with ICT. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Data loss/theft, hardware and software loss/theft, unauthorized access, espionage, piracy, breach of copyright, viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Explain what effects these threats have on organizations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Loss of revenue, business slows down, competitors gain advantage, face legal action, high cost of replacement, poor public image.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe information security problems and recommend simple solutions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explain what is information security. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Describe the main information security control areas. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The system, the environment, policies/procedures.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Describe and recommend system controls. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Passwords, access rights, UPS, drive locks, warning alarms (hardware and software anti virus software.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Describe and recommend environment controls. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Access control, guards, locks fencing, air conditioners, cleanliness, anti static.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Explain what are policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Explain what is acceptable and unacceptable usage of ICT's. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Explain the implications for unacceptable use of ICT's. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe Computer Viruses and Virus Attacks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Types of computer viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any two of: Trojans, worms, time bombs, logic bombs, macro viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Methods of spreading viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: copying disks, hacking, e-mail attachments.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of protecting against viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any two of: Userid, passwords, emails, email attachments, internet downloads, anti-virus software, piracy.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Computer viruses are explained in term of the threats it poses to computer environments. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Describe the management of computer viruses using anti-virus software. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Computer viruses are defined in terms of their construct and effect. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Classes of computer viruses are defined in terms of their impact. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    File-infectors, Systems or boot-record infectors, Macro viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of disinfecting files are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Automatic scanning, file scan.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The reasons for keeping anti-virus software updated and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Examples of current anti-virus software are given. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Minimum of 3 examples.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programmes of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation Process:
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organization standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behavior.
  • Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
  • All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organizations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/or regulatory requirements.
  • Performance of all elements is to be completed within the normal range of time and cost that would be expected in a professional environment (e.g. in a commercial or government organization). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made by understanding security aspects of using computers in modern society. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by effectively using a variety of safeguards to maintain security of a computer environment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize, and critically evaluate information by remaining alert to new viruses that could effect the computer. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when engaging with the subject. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by acting responsibly when using a computer. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Assessor Notes:
  • Possible laws applicable to this standard could include acts like Access to Information Acts; Copyright Acts, Constitution of the Country being assessed in.

    Abbreviations:
  • PC - Personal computer.
  • CD - Compact disk.
  • GUI - Graphical User Interface. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  61591   National Certificate: Information Technology: End User Computing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  83026   National Certificate: Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Software Testing  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Abetech 
    2. Academy of Training and Development 
    3. AccTech Systems (PTY)LTD 
    4. Acol Computer Training PTY LTD 
    5. Act of Grace 97 
    6. Added Advantage Academy (Durban) 
    7. Afedile M Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    8. Affirmations Training 
    9. AFRICALEADS ACADEMY 
    10. All Connections cc 
    11. Amitek Business College 
    12. Anderson College (Pty) Ltd 
    13. Angie Technologies 
    14. Ankalite (Pty) Limited 
    15. Arise Business Centre 
    16. Artshub Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    17. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS BLOEMFONTEIN 
    18. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    19. AUM IT Solutions 
    20. Bantsho Marketing & Management Strategies 
    21. Believers Care Society 
    22. Best Information Solutions 
    23. Beth Horner & Associates 
    24. Birnam Business College (Pty) Limited 
    25. Bokamoso Competence (Pty) Ltd 
    26. Bonalesedi Computer Training 
    27. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Broadband College of Technology 
    29. Bytes People Solutions A Division of Altron TMT (Pty) Ltd 
    30. Calandra Trading 523(PTY) 
    31. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    32. Cape Town Society for the Blind 
    33. Careers IT (Pty) Ltd 
    34. Centretech Broadcasting 
    35. Certified Workforce Trainers cc. 
    36. Clean Heat Academy 
    37. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Columbus Consulting Pty Ltd 
    39. Commerce and Computer College of South Africa 
    40. CompEd IT Training 
    41. Competence computer and business management 
    42. Computer Technology Dev Institute 
    43. Critical Skills Training (Pty) Ltd 
    44. CTU Training Solutions 
    45. CYBER MINDS (PTY) LIMITED 
    46. Daily Training Cc 
    47. Damelin 
    48. Damelin - Randburg 
    49. DC Dynamic College of Commerce & Further Training (Pty) Ltd 
    50. Delcom Training Institute 
    51. Delight Computer Training 
    52. Denwin's Computer & Business School 
    53. DIGMAC PTY LTD 
    54. Ditlotlo Trading Enterprise Cc 
    55. DVG Property (Pty)Ltd 
    56. Eagle Computer Training 
    57. Eagle High IT Training 
    58. Eastern Cape Academy of Technology 
    59. Egsibit Training and Development 
    60. Ekasi IT Solutions CC 
    61. Ekukhanyeni Community Development Centre 
    62. Ekurhuleni Computer College 
    63. Elchees Software Solutions 
    64. EOH Abantu (Pty) Ltd 
    65. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    66. False Bay College 
    67. Far North Education & Training Trust (FNETT) 
    68. Far North Youth Development Initiative 
    69. Far-Ahead Computer Training Centre Cc 
    70. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    71. Fort Hare Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    72. Foster-Melliar 
    73. FURNITURE BEDDING UPHOLSTERY INDUSTRY BARGAINING COUNCIL 
    74. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    75. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    76. Gauteng Central College PTY LTD 
    77. Gauteng College of Engineering and Technology (PTY) LTD 
    78. Gegana Computer Academy and Business Solutions cc 
    79. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    80. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    81. Goldfields TVET College 
    82. Goodwill Institute Of Technology 
    83. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    84. Hazyview Computer College 
    85. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    86. I.C.E Computer College 
    87. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    88. Imvana Training College 
    89. In Excess Trading 22 T/A ATTI Polokwane 
    90. Indonsa Consulting and Training cc 
    91. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    92. Institute of Training and Education for Capacity Building 
    93. ISAMON VOCATIONAL COLLEGE OF EXCELLENCE 
    94. iSolve Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    95. IT Certification Academy 
    96. IT SA Computer Services Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    97. IT Schools Innovation (Pty) Ltd 
    98. Jeppe College of Commerce and Computer Studies 
    99. Johannesburg Institute of Engineering & Technology 
    100. John Taolo Gaetsewe Developmental Trust 
    101. Jonda Learning Academy 
    102. Kaelo Computer Training cc 
    103. Keybase Training Solutions Cc 
    104. Kezla Investments 
    105. Khuphulanani Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    106. KIB College (Pty) Ltd 
    107. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    108. Kondi Computer Training 
    109. Kumani Computer College 
    110. Kylix Information Systems 
    111. LA Gomme Training Centre 
    112. Leading Edge Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    113. Leanco Business Services & Training Centre CC 
    114. Lephalale Core Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    115. Lesedi Consulting 
    116. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    117. LGIT Smart Solutions 
    118. Limco Consulting and management (Pty) Ltd 
    119. Loja Trading cc 
    120. Loxtion Server CC 
    121. M-cot Corporate Training 
    122. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    123. Madzahisi College 
    124. Makau Tours and Skills Development 
    125. Makhophila Business Enterprise 
    126. Masana Brainstorm Conferencing cc 
    127. Mash Computer Training 
    128. Mass Computer Training And Printers 
    129. Mkoneni Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    130. Modise Computer College 
    131. Mokk Consultants Cc 
    132. Mosadikago Trading Cc 
    133. Motheo TVET College 
    134. Mourema Computer Training Centre 
    135. Mpande Technologies cc 
    136. Mpisholo Training Solutions 
    137. Mpondo Zengwenya Trading Cc 
    138. MSC Education Holdings Pty Ltd 
    139. Mthonyama Technologies cc 
    140. Mveelaphanda Development and Projects cc 
    141. Mvelelo Graphic Design cc 
    142. National Computer College Carletonville 
    143. Ndabezitha Life Skills Training Institute 
    144. NET2G Technologies (Pty) Ltd t/a IT SCHOOL 
    145. NetCampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    146. Ngubeni Corporation 
    147. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    148. Ocule IT cc 
    149. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    150. Overcomers Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    151. Parkton College of Catering & Tourism Studies 
    152. Pillays Computer and Careers 
    153. Prompt It Solutions 
    154. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    155. Protech Business and Computer College Pty Ltd. 
    156. Pulakgadi Training Consulting 
    157. Qhakaza Management Services 
    158. Rand Training College 
    159. Regent-Comp 
    160. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    161. Rivoni Training N Communications 
    162. Ron and Becky Trading 
    163. Rorisang Computer (Pty) Ltd 
    164. Sankin Computer Training Pty Ltd 
    165. Sas Institute Pty Ltd 
    166. Sed General Trading Enterprise 
    167. SEDIBENG 
    168. Setlagole Telecentre 
    169. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    170. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    171. Siyabonga Multi - Purpose Centre 
    172. Siyafunda Community Technology Centre 
    173. Software Support And Training 
    174. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    175. Southern Africa Youth Project NPC 
    176. Sovereign Skills Development Institute (Pty) 
    177. Speccon (Pty) Ltd 
    178. Springfield Training (Pty) Ltd 
    179. Star Light Consulting 
    180. T Mabuya and Associates 
    181. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    182. Taballos Business Services 
    183. Technology Corporate Management (Pty) Ltd 
    184. Terry Computer Services cc 
    185. The Graduate Institute of South Africa 
    186. The Ulwazi Computer Training Center 
    187. Tira Telecoms 
    188. Titan Trade Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    189. Torque Technical Computer Training (Pty) Ltd 
    190. Tshedza Training Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    191. Tshiredo Training Academy Cc 
    192. Turfloop Training Services Cc 
    193. Turnstone Trading 183 (Pty) Ltd 
    194. Umbrella Training and Development 
    195. Vukani Solutions 
    196. Vuthlari Marketing Consulting (PTY)LTD 
    197. Waterberg TVET College 
    198. Whispers ETD Consulting 
    199. Whitestone College 
    200. Work Skills Resources 
    201. WW.IT-IQ Training & Solutions 
    202. Xtensive ICT Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    203. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    204. Y2K COLLEGE 
    205. Zealot Business College cc 
    206. Zinjiva Trading 
    207. ZJ Africa Learn (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.