SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify and explain ICT risks and recommend security solutions 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117926  Identify and explain ICT risks and recommend security solutions 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Computer Sciences and Information Systems 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain and differentiate between Information Technology and Communication Technology.
  • Explain what is risk.
  • Describe information security problems and recommend simple solutions.
  • Describe computer viruses and virus attacks.
  • Describe the management of computer viruses using anti-virus software.

    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit standard is calculated assuming a person is competent in:
  • Mathematical literacy and communication skills at least at NQF Level 3.
  • Describe the application and effect of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on society (ID 117928 - NQF Level 4). 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain and differentiate between Information Technology and Communication Technology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Information Technology and Communication Technologies (ICT) is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Differentiate between Information Technology and Communications Technology.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Explain how information and communication technologies have converged. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Cable Internet, Web TV, Gaming consoles, WAP, GPRS.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Explain the benefits of converging technology. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain what is Risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explain what are risks/threats (general definition). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Identify and explain what risks are associated with ICT. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Data loss/theft, hardware and software loss/theft, unauthorized access, espionage, piracy, breach of copyright, viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Explain what effects these threats have on organizations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Loss of revenue, business slows down, competitors gain advantage, face legal action, high cost of replacement, poor public image.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe information security problems and recommend simple solutions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Explain what is information security. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Describe the main information security control areas. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The system, the environment, policies/procedures.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Describe and recommend system controls. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Passwords, access rights, UPS, drive locks, warning alarms (hardware and software anti virus software.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Describe and recommend environment controls. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: Access control, guards, locks fencing, air conditioners, cleanliness, anti static.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Explain what are policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Explain what is acceptable and unacceptable usage of ICT's. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Explain the implications for unacceptable use of ICT's. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe Computer Viruses and Virus Attacks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Types of computer viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any two of: Trojans, worms, time bombs, logic bombs, macro viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Methods of spreading viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any three of: copying disks, hacking, e-mail attachments.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of protecting against viruses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Any two of: Userid, passwords, emails, email attachments, internet downloads, anti-virus software, piracy.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Computer viruses are explained in term of the threats it poses to computer environments. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Describe the management of computer viruses using anti-virus software. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Computer viruses are defined in terms of their construct and effect. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Classes of computer viruses are defined in terms of their impact. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    File-infectors, Systems or boot-record infectors, Macro viruses.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of disinfecting files are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Automatic scanning, file scan.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The reasons for keeping anti-virus software updated and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Examples of current anti-virus software are given. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Minimum of 3 examples.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programmes of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation Process:
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organization standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behavior.
  • Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
  • All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organizations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/or regulatory requirements.
  • Performance of all elements is to be completed within the normal range of time and cost that would be expected in a professional environment (e.g. in a commercial or government organization). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made by understanding security aspects of using computers in modern society. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by effectively using a variety of safeguards to maintain security of a computer environment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize, and critically evaluate information by remaining alert to new viruses that could effect the computer. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when engaging with the subject. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by acting responsibly when using a computer. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Assessor Notes:
  • Possible laws applicable to this standard could include acts like Access to Information Acts; Copyright Acts, Constitution of the Country being assessed in.

    Abbreviations:
  • PC - Personal computer.
  • CD - Compact disk.
  • GUI - Graphical User Interface. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  61591   National Certificate: Information Technology: End User Computing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  83026   National Certificate: Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Software Testing  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Abetech 
    2. Abongile Computer Co-operative Limited 
    3. Academy of Training and Development 
    4. AccTech Systems (PTY)LTD 
    5. Acol Computer Training PTY LTD 
    6. Act of Grace 97 
    7. Added Advantage Academy (Durban) 
    8. Addskills Computer Training 
    9. Afedile M Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    10. Affirmations Training 
    11. AFRICALEADS ACADEMY 
    12. All Connections cc 
    13. Amitek Business College 
    14. Anderson College (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Angie Technologies 
    16. Ankalite (Pty) Limited 
    17. Arise Business Centre 
    18. Artshub Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    19. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS BLOEMFONTEIN 
    20. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    21. AUM IT Solutions 
    22. Awona Technologies cc 
    23. Bantsho Marketing & Management Strategies 
    24. Believers Care Society 
    25. Best Information Solutions 
    26. Beth Horner & Associates 
    27. Birnam Business College (Pty) Limited 
    28. Bokamoso Competence (Pty) Ltd 
    29. Bonalesedi Computer Training 
    30. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    31. Boston Technology Campus (Pty) Ltd 
    32. Broadband College of Technology 
    33. Bytes People Solutions A Division of Altron TMT (Pty) Ltd 
    34. Calandra Trading 523(PTY) 
    35. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    36. Cape Town Society for the Blind 
    37. Careers IT (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Centretech Broadcasting 
    39. Certified Workforce Trainers cc. 
    40. Clean Heat Academy 
    41. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    42. Columbus Consulting Pty Ltd 
    43. Come Again Printing Services cc 
    44. Commerce and Computer College of South Africa 
    45. CompEd IT Training 
    46. Competence computer and business management 
    47. Computer Technology Dev Institute 
    48. Critical Skills Training (Pty) Ltd 
    49. CTU Training Solutions 
    50. CYBER MINDS (PTY) LIMITED 
    51. Daily Training Cc 
    52. Damelin 
    53. Damelin - Randburg 
    54. Damelin Correspondence College (Pty) Ltd 
    55. DC Dynamic College of Commerce & Further Training (Pty) Ltd 
    56. Delcom Training Institute 
    57. Delight Computer Training 
    58. Denwin's Computer & Business School 
    59. DIGMAC PTY LTD 
    60. Ditlotlo Trading Enterprise Cc 
    61. DVG Property (Pty)Ltd 
    62. Eagle Computer Training 
    63. Eagle High IT Training 
    64. Eastern Cape Academy of Technology 
    65. Egsibit Training and Development 
    66. Ekasi IT Solutions CC 
    67. Ekukhanyeni Community Development Centre 
    68. Ekurhuleni Computer College 
    69. Elchees Software Solutions 
    70. Enviroparks Riverlea 
    71. EOH Abantu (Pty) Ltd 
    72. Fakazani Management Services 
    73. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    74. False Bay College 
    75. Far North Education & Training Trust (FNETT) 
    76. Far North Youth Development Initiative 
    77. Far-Ahead Computer Training Centre Cc 
    78. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    79. Fort Hare Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    80. Foster-Melliar 
    81. FURNITURE BEDDING UPHOLSTERY INDUSTRY BARGAINING COUNCIL 
    82. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    83. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    84. Gauteng Central College PTY LTD 
    85. Gauteng College of Engineering and Technology (PTY) LTD 
    86. Gegana Computer Academy and Business Solutions cc 
    87. Giga Skills Training 
    88. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    89. Global Softech Skills Academy 
    90. Go Computer Cash and Carry 
    91. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    92. Goldfields TVET College 
    93. Goodwill Institute Of Technology 
    94. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    95. Hazyview Computer College 
    96. Hectic Productions cc 
    97. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    98. I.C.E Computer College 
    99. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    100. Imvana Training College 
    101. In Excess Trading 22 T/A ATTI Polokwane 
    102. Indonsa Consulting and Training cc 
    103. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    104. Institute of Training and Education for Capacity Building 
    105. Intec College 
    106. ISAMON VOCATIONAL COLLEGE OF EXCELLENCE 
    107. iSolve Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    108. IT Certification Academy 
    109. IT SA Computer Services Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    110. IT Schools Innovation (Pty) Ltd 
    111. IT-HI-Q Training (PTY) Ltd 
    112. Jeppe College of Commerce and Computer Studies 
    113. Johannesburg Institute of Engineering & Technology 
    114. John Taolo Gaetsewe Developmental Trust 
    115. Jonda Learning Academy 
    116. Kaelo Computer Training cc 
    117. Keybase Training Solutions Cc 
    118. Kezla Investments 
    119. Kgopotso Computer Training 
    120. Khuphulanani Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    121. KIB College (Pty) Ltd 
    122. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    123. Kondi Computer Training 
    124. Kumani Computer College 
    125. Kundi Computer Training Centre 
    126. Kylix Information Systems 
    127. LA Gomme Training Centre 
    128. Leading Edge Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    129. Leanco Business Services & Training Centre CC 
    130. Lephalale Core Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    131. Lesedi Consulting 
    132. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    133. LGIT Smart Solutions 
    134. Limco Consulting and management (Pty) Ltd 
    135. Limptech Computer Training Centre 
    136. LMoss Trading cc 
    137. Loja Trading cc 
    138. Loxtion Server CC 
    139. Lwazi Lwethu Training Centre and Trading Enterprise 
    140. M-cot Corporate Training 
    141. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    142. Madzahisi College 
    143. Magnitude College of education 
    144. Makau Tours and Skills Development 
    145. Makhophila Business Enterprise 
    146. Masana Brainstorm Conferencing cc 
    147. Mash Computer Training 
    148. Mass Computer Training And Printers 
    149. Mkoneni Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    150. Modise Computer College 
    151. Mokk Consultants Cc 
    152. Mosadikago Trading Cc 
    153. Motheo TVET College 
    154. Mourema Computer Training Centre 
    155. Mpande Technologies cc 
    156. Mpisholo Training Solutions 
    157. Mpondo Zengwenya Trading Cc 
    158. MSC Education Holdings Pty Ltd 
    159. Mthonyama Technologies cc 
    160. Mveelaphanda Development and Projects cc 
    161. Mvelelo Graphic Design cc 
    162. National Computer College Carletonville 
    163. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    164. Ndabezitha Life Skills Training Institute 
    165. NET2G Technologies (Pty) Ltd t/a IT SCHOOL 
    166. NetCampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    167. Ngubeni Corporation 
    168. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    169. Ocule IT cc 
    170. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    171. Overcomers Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    172. Parkton College of Catering & Tourism Studies 
    173. Phokophela Investment Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    174. Pillays Computer and Careers 
    175. Prompt It Solutions 
    176. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    177. Protech Business and Computer College Pty Ltd. 
    178. Pulakgadi Training Consulting 
    179. Qhakaza Management Services 
    180. Quantum Career Development (PTY) LTD 
    181. Rainbow Nation Skills Development (Pty) Ltd. 
    182. Rand Training College 
    183. Regent-Comp 
    184. Riakona Computer Training Centre 
    185. Richfield Graduate Institute of Technology Pty Ltd 
    186. Rivoni Training N Communications 
    187. Ron and Becky Trading 
    188. Rorisang Computer (Pty) Ltd 
    189. Sankin Computer Training Pty Ltd 
    190. Sas Institute Pty Ltd 
    191. SEBATA Institute of Consulting and Development 
    192. Sed General Trading Enterprise 
    193. SEDIBENG 
    194. Setlagole Telecentre 
    195. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    196. SILVER SOLUTIONS CC 1360 
    197. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    198. Siyabonga Multi - Purpose Centre 
    199. Siyafunda Community Technology Centre 
    200. Software Support And Training 
    201. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    202. Southern Africa Youth Project NPC 
    203. Sovereign Skills Development Institute (Pty) 
    204. Speccon (Pty) Ltd 
    205. Springfield Training (Pty) Ltd 
    206. Star Light Consulting 
    207. T Mabuya and Associates 
    208. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    209. Taballos Business Services 
    210. Technology Corporate Management (Pty) Ltd 
    211. Terry Computer Services cc 
    212. Thalita Koume Directions (Pty) Ltd 
    213. The Graduate Institute of South Africa 
    214. The Orbital ICT Centre Cc 
    215. The Ulwazi Computer Training Center 
    216. Tira Telecoms 
    217. Titan Trade Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    218. Torque Technical Computer Training (Pty) Ltd 
    219. Tshedza Training Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    220. Tshiredo Training Academy Cc 
    221. Turfloop Training Services Cc 
    222. Turnstone Trading 183 (Pty) Ltd 
    223. UBUHLE TECHNOLOGY & MULTIPURPOSE PRIMARY CO-OPERATIVE LIMITED 
    224. Umbrella Training and Development 
    225. Victory Ticket 580 cc 
    226. Vukani Solutions 
    227. Vuthlari Marketing Consulting (PTY)LTD 
    228. Waterberg TVET College 
    229. Whispers ETD Consulting 
    230. Whitestone College 
    231. Work Skills Resources 
    232. WW.IT-IQ Training & Solutions 
    233. Xtensive ICT Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    234. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    235. Y2K COLLEGE 
    236. Youmessi Trading cc 
    237. Young Angels Centre for Technology 
    238. Zealot Business College cc 
    239. Zinjiva Trading 
    240. ZJ Africa Learn (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.