SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate an understanding of the Law of Armed Conflict during multi-national operations 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117985  Demonstrate an understanding of the Law of Armed Conflict during multi-national operations 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Military Professional Development 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Sovereignty of the State 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful for people who are in the military and or who participate in multi-national operations. The law (specifically the Law of Armed Conflict) is an integral part of all multi-national operations, ie conventional war-like operations, peace support operations, internal deployment and peacetime training. In addition to the specific outcomes this unit standard will equip learners to:
  • Make a contribution to the operational planning process.
  • Act within the confines of the law during operations.
  • Timeously address problematic situations at the tactical, operational and strategic levels regarding the application of LOAC.
  • Prevent and suppress violations of the Law of Armed Conflict.

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles and rules of International Humanitarian law, ie the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC).
  • Appraise the legal position of the basic categories of persons and objects recognized by the LOAC as well as those persons and objects that are specifically protected by the LOAC.
  • Appraise the legality of the means and methods of warfare during the conduct of operations.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the LOAC applicable to specific types of operations.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of criminal liability/responsibility under the LOAC. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Communication and language studies (NQF Level 4). 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles and rules of International Humanitarian law, ie the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The nature, status and purpose of LOAC is explained in accordance with reigning international and domestic law. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Explanations of reasons for compliance with LOAC are given such that the needs of all interest groups are addressed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The relationship between the LOAC and Human Rights law are compared so that the similarities and differences are identified and explained ito the fundamental protection provided by these two fields of law. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The application of the LOAC during armed conflict is explained ito the different types of armed conflict and those bound by the LOAC. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The application of the LOAC during armed conflict is explained ito the position of participants and non-participants. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The application of the basic LOAC principles are described ito the conduct of operations and the importance of intelligence. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Appraise the legal position of the basic categories of persons and objects recognized by the LOAC as well as those persons and objects that are specifically protected by the LOAC. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The basic categories of persons and objects recognised by the LOAC are explained in terms of their status and protection under the LOAC. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The handling of military medical services and religious personnel/objects are explained such that their position under the LOAC is addressed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The legal position of civilian medical services is compared with that of their military counterparts such that the similarities and/or differences are identified and explained ito fundamental protection provided by the LOAC. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The protection afforded to specifically protected persons is interpreted ito their rights and obligations under the LOAC during armed conflict. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The handling of specifically protected objects during armed conflict is interpreted ito the protection afforded to such objects under the LOAC. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Combat actions in/on non-defended localities and demilitarised zones are appraised ito their status as localities and zones under special protection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The conduct of armed forces in occupied territories is assessed in accordance with the rights and obligations of all occupants of such occupied territories. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The legal position of neutral states during armed conflict is evaluated in accordance with LOAC requirements pertaining to the maintenance of and respect for their neutral status. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    Actions of intermediaries/protecting powers are described ito their role and function during armed conflict. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Appraise the legality of the means and methods of warfare during the conduct of operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The application of weapon types are assessed iaw their legal validity and targeting considerations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The application of combat methods is assessed iaw their legal validity and targeting considerations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the LOAC applicable to specific types of operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The application of the LOAC in naval warfare is assessed to the means and methods of naval warfare, targeting considerations and actions short of naval attack. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The application of the LOAC in air warfare is assessed ito the means and methods of air warfare, targeting considerations and international agreements regulating airspace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The application of the LOAC during peace support operations is assessed ito the role and function of peace support forces. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Internal operations and non-international armed conflict are explained ito the applicability of the LOAC during these types of situations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate knowledge of criminal liability/responsibility under the LOAC. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Responsibility regarding war crimes and grave breaches of the LOAC is explained ito the obligations placed upon role players at all levels of warfare, ie strategic, operational and tactical. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Command responsibility under the LOAC is explained to the prevention and suppression of LOAC violations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The consequences of non-compliance with the LOAC are described to the reigning (international) legal position in determining criminal liability. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard (including RPL) may apply to be assessed by a relevant provider institution, which is accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • For an applicant to register as an assessor, the applicant needs:
  • Subject matter experience at or above the level of this unit standard.
  • The assessor needs to be competent in the unit standard "Conduct Standard Based Assessment" NQF level 5 and "Design and Develop Assessment Criteria" NQF Level 5.
  • The subject matter experience of the assessor can be established by recognition of prior learning.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The essential embedded knowledge is included within the unit standard and will be assessed through the assessment of the specific outcomes and critical cross field outcomes in terms of the assessment criteria. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems by using critical and creative thinking to determine what to do in situations that might occur during operations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as part of a team when working in a syndicate group during simulated exercised. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by handing in assignments and giving feedback on dates indicated. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, organise and critically evaluate information by doing research on given subjects. Specific outcome 2 and 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual and language skills in models of written and verbal presentations. Numerous presentations will take place regarding the application of LOAC during the residential phase. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically by applying the principles of LOAC to real life situations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by explaining the interdependency between Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC), Humanitarian International Law and Operational Law. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information

    Credits

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcomes:
  • Classroom learning: 12 hours
  • Structured learning in the workplace/Simulated exercises: 20 hours
  • Self directed learning: 60 hours
  • Coaching required: 8 hours
  • TOTAL: 100 hours 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49337   National Certificate: Multi-National Safety and Security Operations Management  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Core  49852   National Diploma: Applied Military Intelligence  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Core  58783   National Certificate: Warship Command and Control  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Fundamental  64129   National Certificate: Warship Operations  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Fundamental  49853   National Diploma: Defensive Mission Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2008-09-17  Was SAS SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Fundamental  50500   National Diploma: Electronic Warfare  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  78143   Further Education and Training Certificate: Military Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  59889   Further Education and Training Certificate: Military Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2010-01-25  Was SAS SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  63309   National Certificate: Defensive Mission Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  49950   National Certificate: Navigation  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  58023   National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Elective  58784   National Diploma: Geospatial Image Analysis  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE PERSONNEL SERVICES SCHOOL 
    2. SA ARMY GYMNASIUM 
    3. SA NAVAL STAFF COLLEGE 
    4. SCHOOL OF MILITARY JUSTICE 
    5. SOUTH AFRICAN AIR FORCE COLLEGE 
    6. WARRANT OFFICER ACADEMY 
    7. Westline Aviation Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.