SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Weld workpieces with the shielded metal arc welding process in all positions 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
12254  Weld workpieces with the shielded metal arc welding process in all positions 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  25 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2005-07-19  2007-02-21  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-02-21   2011-02-21  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
243056  Weld carbon steel workpieces using the shielded metal arc welding process in all positions  Level 2  NQF Level 02  16  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for a learner within the fabrication and welding fields

A person credited with this unit standard is capable of:
  • Describe the gas tungsten arc welding process
  • Select, set up and conduct pre operational checks of gas tungsten arc welding equipment
  • Prepare work pieces prior to welding
  • Weld workpieces
  • Inspect welded work piece for defects in compliance with drawing specifications
  • Care and store welding consumables and equipment

    This unit standard will contribute to the full development of any learner by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field. The knowledge, skills and understanding demonstrated in this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the fabrication and welding environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    National Certificate in Welding Application and Practice NQF level 2. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Scope:

    Range of materials used is: medium carbon steel up to 16mm thick


    Context:
  • All work undertaken must comply with Occupational Health and Safety Act
  • All work done must comply with worksite practices
  • All work done under limited supervision


    Level:

    Level (for level 4)
    A learning programme leading to the award of this unit standard should develop learners who demonstrate:
    (a) A foundational knowledge base as indicated in the embedded knowledge component
    (b) An understanding of the discipline/field`s fundamental terms, rules, concepts and principles
    (c) Familiarity with some of the essential procedures, operations and techniques of this field
    (d) An ability to use a range of procedures to solve routine problems
    (e) Basic information gathering, analysis and presentation skills 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe and assemble the shielded metal arc welding equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The importance of correct assembly of the shielded metal arc welding equipment, and the consequences of incorrect assembly, is explained with reference to the manufacture's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Basic and major components of the shielded metal arc welding equipment are identified and the explanation of function and purpose is correct in terms of manufacture's requirements and standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Parts and components correctly identified and the implications for incorrect identification explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Terms and definitions used are consistent with generally accepted welding terminology as recorded in international welding standards. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Parts include: Welding machine, earth clamp, and welding cable.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Select, assemble and conduct pre operational checks of shielded metal arc welding equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Verification, identification and selection of shielded metal arc welding equipment as specified per job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Identification and rectification of hazards relate to welding process in accordance with standard work site practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Pre operational checks are carried out in accordance with manufacture's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. A safe worksite is created to prevent damage to equipment and injury to people. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources to include: manufacture's operational and specifications manual, worksite practices and safety and environmental issues.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare work pieces prior to welding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Work pieces prepared prior to welding as specified on drawing and worksite practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Dimensions and alignment checked as specified on drawing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Safety precautions adhered to. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Inspect workpiece prior to welding. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources include: Worksite practices, tools, equipment, safety requirements in relation to job requirements.
    Material: medium carbon steel up to 16mm thick
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Weld workpieces. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Welding parameters are established to satisfy job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Welding consumables selected and used as per job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Workpiece welded in position as per job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    All positions (vertical up, horizontal, over-head, down hand
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Safety precaution adhered to during welding process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Workpiece cleaned after welding as per worksite practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Potential causes for weld defect/imperfections are identified prior to welding and action taken meets job requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Heat input, electrode manipulation, electrode size, joint preparation, welding technique, consumable handling.
  • Material type to be welded: medium carbon steel
  • Resources include: Welding equipment, tools, protective clothing and equipment, job instructions, materials as specified on drawings and weld filler material
  • Welding positions: Materials up to 6mm thick, AWS (American Welding Society) positions 1F, 2F, 3F, 4F, 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G, 6G, ( fillet welds :flat, horizontal, vertical, overhead, Butt welds: flat, horizontal, vertical, overhead)
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Inspect welded work piece. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. All welding spatters removed as specified in cleaning procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Welded workpiece conform to specifications as reflected on drawing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Visual and destructive Inspection methods and procedures selected is conducive to job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Documentation completed as reflected in worksite practices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Procedures include: Worksite practices, inspection methods (visual only), and cleaning procedures
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Care and store welding consumables and equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Tools and equipment care for as per worksite practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Tools and equipment stored to conform to worksite practices and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Welding consumables stored in accordance with worksite practices and procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tools and equipment cared for is limited to defect reporting and stored in usable condition for next user
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard, must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.

    Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited in terms of the criteria laid down by the relevant ETQA.

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names & functions of:
  • Equipment
  • Electrodes
  • Personal protective equipment

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
  • Types of steel
  • Common defects
  • Hazards
  • Welding processes

    Sensory cues
  • Smell indicating overheating equipment

    Purpose of:
  • Manual metal arc welding
  • Safety checks
  • Reporting incidents and conditions
  • Checking completed weld

    Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Causes of hazards and responses to them
  • Causes of defects and responses to them
  • Basic welding processes
  • Implications of not preparing workpiece before welding

    Procedures and techniques:
  • For eliminating, isolating or minimising welding hazards
  • Procedures for preparing materials before welding
  • Safety procedures
  • Quality procedures
  • Recording and reporting procedures
  • Maintenance procedures

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Applicable to properties of materials

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship between grades, section thickness and mechanical properties of steel and welding parameters
  • Relationship of the mechanical properties of welded joints with carbon content and cooling rate following welding 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Recognise problems of equipment and process while welding and respond appropriately
  • Defects are recognised and corrected
  • Hazards are recognised and preventative action taken 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work together with others:
  • Contribute to workgroup efforts 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job instructions and set up equipment appropriately 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Visually examine and conduct tests on completed weld to control quality 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Record outcome of work
  • Report outcome of work to appropriate personnel 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Properties of metals
  • Electrical and mechanical principles
  • Principles of expansion and contraction 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Explain the relationship between the physical properties and the weldability of the material 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 243056, which is " Weld carbon steel workpieces using the shielded metal arc welding process in all positions ", Level 2, 16 credits.


    This unit standard may be obtained through RPL. The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the mechanism to be used and support and guidance should be provided. Care should be taken that the mechanism used provides the learner with an opportunity to demonstrate competence and is not so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option towards gaining a qualification. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  22870   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication (light or heavy)  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  MERSETA 
    Core  24213   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2006-12-03  MERSETA 
    Core  49646   Further Education and Training Certificate: Manufacturing Technical Maintenance  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Core  22871   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication (light or heavy)  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  MERSETA 
    Elective  50560   Further Education and Training Certificate: Small Craft Construction  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-08-31  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ArcelorMittal South Africa Ltd (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    2. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    3. Black Eagle Training (PIETERMARITZBURG) (TP) 
    4. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    5. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.