SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Install gunite materials for refractory linings 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
13977  Install gunite materials for refractory linings 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Water Sector 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Civil Engineering Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for anyone who has to responsibly and effectively control the installation of gunite materials for refractory linings by applying scientific techniques and solving related problems during refractory installation processes.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • collect information and organise activities for gunite material installation,
  • install refractory gunite materials,
  • perform quality control and assurance activities,
  • perform end of installation activities.

    This unit will contribute to the full development of the learner within the refractory construction environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of construction. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and progression within the construction and civil engineering contexts. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Description of required skills, knowledge and understanding on:
  • Literacy and numeracy NQF 2,
  • Mixing of refractory mortar, concrete and monolithics,
  • Interpreting and understanding engineering drawings,
  • The use of measuring equipment.
  • The use of hand held engineering power tools.
  • The use and care for lifting tackle. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The level assigned to this unit standard is appropriate because the process requires a range of well-developed skills and offers a significant choice of procedures. Some relevant theoretical knowledge, interpretation of available information, discretion and judgement, as well as a range of known responses to familiar problems are employed. The application of this unit standard is to qualify the person for certification in skilled occupations.

    The credit value assigned to this unit standard is appropriate and reflects the average length of time for an average qualifying learning to become competent.

    Recommended contact time and individual learning = 70 h
    Recommended Time spent in structured learning in the workplace and assessment = 30h
    Total notional hours = 100h 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Collect information and organise activities for gunite material installation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Engineering drawings, specifications and instructions are interpreted according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The work area, backgrounds, tools, equipment and materials are prepared according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Equipment refers to guniting equipment, mechanical and/or hand-held equipment.
  • Background surfaces may include metal, wooden, concrete, brick or insulation boards.
  • Shutters or end boards may include timber planks or metal panels.
  • Anchorage may include metal or stainless steel fasteners.
  • Mechanical aids and handling equipment may refer to conveyor belts, forklifts or cranes.
  • Guniting equipment refers to compressor, air receivers, air pipes, feed pipes, water pipes, electrical cables, water pumps, nozzles and water mixers, double chamber gunite machines, open top single chamber gunite machines, rotor guns and refractory spraying machines.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Gunite materials are prepared and verified according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Scaffolding/work platforms are erected according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Personal preparation is done according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Information and procedural activities are communicated to relevant parties according to standard operating procedures and basic business and team ethics. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Install refractory gunite materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Gunite materials are handled and applied according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Application of gunite material to prepared surfaces must include floor, walls and overhead applications.
  • Hazards during applying guniting materials may include heights, burns, gasses, heat and dust.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Guniting techniques and processes are applied according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Gunite lining procedures are controlled and recorded according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Rebound and waste gunite materials are discarded according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Waste gunite material includes rebound.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Gunited linings are protected and cured according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Curing may refer to covering with wet blankets/plastic sheets, water/chemical sprays/coating.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Common problems are solved within scope of work. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Problem solving includes:
  • Recognition of signs of problems,
  • Identification of common problems, their causes and methods for prevention,
  • Description of the consequences of the problem.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform quality control and assurance activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Non-conforming gunite materials are identified, segregated and corrective action taken according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Non-conforming guniting materials may include contaminated, unworkable or segregated materials or inconsistent water/fibre additions.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Test panels of gunite materials are taken and evaluated according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Test panels may include standard test panels.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Quality assurance and control reports are recorded and communicated according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform end of installation activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The work area, equipment, tools and materials are cleaned and stored according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Waste from the cleaning process is handled and stored or dispatched according standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Waste guniting material includes rebound.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Scaffolding/work platforms are dismantled according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Process records are kept according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The completion of activities is communicated according to standard operating procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Practical demonstration of installing gunite materials for refractory installations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome and critical cross-field outcomes.
    The qualifying learner must be able to understand and explain material, technique, safety, and legislation.

    Materials knowledge
    The qualifying learner must be able to understand and explain:
  • The types, functions and placing of refractory monolithic materials used within refractory installations.
  • The characteristics of non-conforming gunite material.
  • Identification of non-conforming gunite material.

    Technique and equipment knowledge
    The qualifying learner must be able to understand and explain:
  • The principles of mixing refractory gunite materials,
  • Safe operation and functions of guniting equipment.
  • The principles of applying and placing of refractory gunite materials.
  • Principles of formwork and shuttering.
  • Principles of anchorage.
  • Principles of curing refractory linings.
  • Selection of application method(s) for applying gunite.
  • The usage and function of equipment and tools such as guniting, vibrating equipment, mechanical equipment.
  • Methods of preparing background surfaces.
  • Basic automation and instrumentation.

    Safety and legislation
    The qualifying learner must be able to understand and explain:
  • Relevant safety requirements, hazards and procedures at his/her workplace.
  • Applicable legislation and specification within this sub-field.
  • Applicable standard operating procedures.
  • Use and functions of appropriate personal protective equipment.
  • Hazards associated with applying gunite materials.

    Life skills
  • Time management
  • Teamwork
  • Solving problems 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and solving problems within scope of work, selection of materials, equipment and application techniques. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Working in line with site-schedules. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Preparing for work area, personal and environmental safety. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Collect information and organise activities for gunite material installation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication methods and keeping records. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others:
  • Installing guniting materials and the disposing of waste. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Legal requirements:

    The following acts and/or codes, current and future regulations and amendments will be applicable:
  • Mines and Works Act,
  • National Building Regulations,
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993,
  • Applicable SABS and/or International standards and requirements
  • ISO 9000 & 14000

    Definition of terms within this unit standard:

    Guniting equipment refers to compressor, air receivers, air pipes, feed pipes, water pipes, electrical cables, water pumps, nozzles and water mixers, double chamber gunite machines, open top single chamber gunite machines, rotor guns and refractory spraying machines.

    Mechanical aids refer to cranes, forklifts and conveyer belts.

    Standard operating procedures refer to company procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer, personal, equipment and environmental safety procedures, good manufacturing practices, best practices, time frames, applicable legislation and specifications. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  22992   National Certificate: Refractories Masonry  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  65409   National Certificate: Building and Civil Construction  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  22671   National Certificate: Construction Masonry  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-03-12  Was CETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  66449   National Certificate: Foundry Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  MERSETA 
    Elective  57692   Further Education and Training Certificate: Carbonate Materials Manufacturing Processes  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AFRICA SKILLS VILLAGE 
    2. Amber Tower Training 
    3. Arehone Consulting 
    4. BELCOMEC TRAINING 
    5. BH Training and Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Blacken Security Services 
    7. Bokgoni Training And Development 
    8. College of Cape Town (City Campus) 
    9. Edzani Community Development and Consultancy 
    10. Ekurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training Pty Ltd 
    11. Elangeni College for FET - Central Office 
    12. GADJENI TRADING ENTERPRISE 
    13. Goitsebasadi Construction Project 
    14. IMBAWULA CIVIL ENGINEERING ACADEMY 
    15. In Touch Community Development & Project Managers 
    16. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE 
    17. Interlink Technical Training 
    18. Leps Training Consultants 
    19. Macsen Construction & Projects 
    20. Majuba TVET College 
    21. Maluti TVET College 
    22. Mangaung Artisan Developers and Projects 
    23. Mnambithi TVET College 
    24. Mohlaje Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    25. MOKWEDI CIVIL AND PROJECTS (PTY) LTD 
    26. Mopani South East FET College - Central Office 
    27. Mothusi Management Consultants 
    28. Mpilende Training and Technology Solutions 
    29. MPUMALANGA REGIONAL TRAINING TRUST 
    30. Mthoms Trading 
    31. Ngakatse Trading 
    32. Nkomaba Trading and Projects 
    33. Nnite Trading Enterprise 
    34. Northern Cape Rural TVET College 
    35. Northern Cape Urban TVET College 
    36. Northlink TVET College 
    37. NSINGWENI CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    38. PRIMESERV CORPORATE SOLUTIONS PTY LTD T/A PRIMESERV HR SOLUTIONS 
    39. QTE Training & Consulting cc T/A QTE (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    40. Qualfurn Training & Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    41. Sakhisizwe Development Training 
    42. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    43. Setlhabi Development 
    44. Sonani Training and Communications 
    45. Sphola Consulting CC 
    46. STEVENEL TRAINING CONSTRUCTION AND CIVIL 
    47. Thekweni TVET College 
    48. Tjeka Training Matters Pty Ltd 
    49. Tlhogi''s Consulting and Projects 
    50. Tshwane North College for FET - Central Office 
    51. Umfolozi FET College 
    52. Umgungundlovu FET College 
    53. UNIQUE SOLUTIONS/EAGLES GUESTHOUSE 
    54. WAL TRAINING 
    55. West Coast TVET College 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.