SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Describe the principles of Computer Programming 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14918  Describe the principles of Computer Programming 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended:
  • to provide a conceptual knowledge of the areas covered
  • for those entering the workplace in the area of systems development
  • as additional knowledge for those wanting to understand the areas covered

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • describe problem analysis and program design techniques
  • describe different data representations used in computer programs
  • describe basic programming principles
  • described the principles used in designing a computer program
    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Open.
    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having the prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3)
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End User Computing unit standards up to Level 3). 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe problem analysis and program design techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description provides an appreciation of the steps and techniques of program maintenance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Understand problem, devise plan, carry out plan, review solution, apply change, test & implement.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies different problem analysis techniques (at least 2). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Problem definition, Hierarchical (Top-Down) approach, Stepwise refinement, Modularity.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description identifies different programming design techniques. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Flow charts, Structured use of language (Pseudo code).
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe different data representations used in computer programs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description distinguishes between different numeric data types (at least 3). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Binary, Decimal, Hexadecimal, Octal.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies different logical data types. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Numeric, Alphabetic, Alpha numeric, Boolean
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description distinguishes between different internal representations of data types. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bit, Byte, Word.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description identifies different logical operators. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    4. And, Or, Not.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe the basic principles of Computer Programming. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description identifies different algorithmic structures of programming languages. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sequential, Selection, Loops.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies good program documentation principles (at least 3). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    General readability, Meaningful variable names, indentation, program comments.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description identifies programming quality assurance (QA) principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Syntax checking, Test data & test plan.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description distinguishes between validation and verification. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The description explains the relationship between files, records and fields. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe the principles used in designing a computer program. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description identifies methods of specifying problems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    program structure diagrams, decision trees, decision tables, use cases, pseudo code.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description explains techniques used to research problems in terms of inputs and outputs. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    HIPO, Object-event diagrams, UML actors.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description includes an evaluation of the viability of developing computer programs to solve problems and it identifies the issues in assessing the viability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description explains the features of a computer program that could solve a given problem. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Batch/online, User Interface Type, Keyboard/mouse driven.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authoriy (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour. An example of the standards expected is the standards found in ISO 9000 Certified Organisations.
    2. Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
    3. All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements.
    4. Performance of all elements should be performed with a solid understanding of the use of development tools needed in the areas applicable to the unit standard. Examples of such tools are, but are not limited to CASE tools, programming language editors with syntax checking, program source version control systems.
    5. Performance of all elements should make use of International capability models used for Software Development. Examples of such models include (but are not limited to) the ISO SPICE model as well as the CMM model for Software Development. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify, solve problems and make decisions in relation to the current systems development environments. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and or language skills in the modes of oral and/ or written persuasion when engaging with systems development. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:
  • Structured use of language and pseudo code have equal meaning
  • Where not specified otherwise, all options in the range statement must be covered to confirm that a learner is competent in the specific outcome

    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):Systems Development 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49627   Further Education and Training Certificate: e Records Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   
    Core  24294   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  78965   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  20184   National Certificate: Banking  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  BANKSETA 
    Elective  61591   National Certificate: Information Technology: End User Computing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Abetech 
    2. Academy of Training and Development 
    3. AccTech Systems (PTY)LTD 
    4. Acol Computer Training PTY LTD 
    5. Act of Grace 97 
    6. Added Advantage Academy (Durban) 
    7. Afedile M Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    8. Affirmations Training 
    9. AFRICALEADS ACADEMY 
    10. All Connections cc 
    11. Amitek Business College 
    12. Anderson College (Pty) Ltd 
    13. Angie Technologies 
    14. Ankalite (Pty) Limited 
    15. Arise Business Centre 
    16. Artshub Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    17. ATTI IT SOLUTIONS BLOEMFONTEIN 
    18. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    19. AUM IT Solutions 
    20. Bantsho Marketing & Management Strategies 
    21. Believers Care Society 
    22. Best Information Solutions 
    23. Beth Horner & Associates 
    24. Birnam Business College (Pty) Limited 
    25. Bokamoso Competence (Pty) Ltd 
    26. Bonalesedi Computer Training 
    27. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Broadband College of Technology 
    29. Bytes People Solutions A Division of Altron TMT (Pty) Ltd 
    30. Calandra Trading 523(PTY) 
    31. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    32. Cape Town Society for the Blind 
    33. Careers IT (Pty) Ltd 
    34. Centretech Broadcasting 
    35. Certified Workforce Trainers cc. 
    36. Clean Heat Academy 
    37. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Columbus Consulting Pty Ltd 
    39. Commerce and Computer College of South Africa 
    40. CompEd IT Training 
    41. Competence computer and business management 
    42. Compuscan Academy 
    43. Computer Technology Dev Institute 
    44. Critical Skills Training (Pty) Ltd 
    45. CTU Training Solutions 
    46. Cyber College of Business and Technology 
    47. CYBER MINDS (PTY) LIMITED 
    48. Daily Training Cc 
    49. Damelin 
    50. Damelin - Randburg 
    51. DC Dynamic College of Commerce & Further Training (Pty) Ltd 
    52. Delcom Training Institute 
    53. Delight Computer Training 
    54. Denwin's Computer & Business School 
    55. DIGMAC PTY LTD 
    56. Ditlotlo Trading Enterprise Cc 
    57. DVG Property (Pty)Ltd 
    58. Eagle Computer Training 
    59. Eagle High IT Training 
    60. Eastern Cape Academy of Technology 
    61. Egsibit Training and Development 
    62. Ekasi IT Solutions CC 
    63. Ekukhanyeni Community Development Centre 
    64. Ekurhuleni Computer College 
    65. Elchees Software Solutions 
    66. EOH Abantu (Pty) Ltd 
    67. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    68. False Bay College 
    69. Far North Education & Training Trust (FNETT) 
    70. Far North Youth Development Initiative 
    71. Far-Ahead Computer Training Centre Cc 
    72. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    73. Fort Hare Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    74. Foster-Melliar 
    75. FURNITURE BEDDING UPHOLSTERY INDUSTRY BARGAINING COUNCIL 
    76. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    77. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    78. Gauteng Central College PTY LTD 
    79. Gauteng College of Engineering and Technology (PTY) LTD 
    80. Gegana Computer Academy and Business Solutions cc 
    81. Giga Skills Training 
    82. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    83. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    84. Goldfields TVET College 
    85. Goodwill Institute Of Technology 
    86. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    87. Hazyview Computer College 
    88. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    89. I.C.E Computer College 
    90. IALE School of Advanced Learning and Education (Pty) Ltd 
    91. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    92. Imvana Training College 
    93. In Excess Trading 22 T/A ATTI Polokwane 
    94. Indonsa Consulting and Training cc 
    95. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    96. Institute of Training and Education for Capacity Building 
    97. ISAMON VOCATIONAL COLLEGE OF EXCELLENCE 
    98. iSolve Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    99. IT Certification Academy 
    100. IT SA Computer Services Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    101. IT Schools Innovation (Pty) Ltd 
    102. Jeppe College of Commerce and Computer Studies 
    103. Johannesburg Institute of Engineering & Technology 
    104. John Taolo Gaetsewe Developmental Trust 
    105. Jonda Learning Academy 
    106. Kaelo Computer Training cc 
    107. Keybase Training Solutions Cc 
    108. Kezla Investments 
    109. Khuphulanani Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    110. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    111. Konani Training and Development Institute 
    112. Kondi Computer Training 
    113. Kumani Computer College 
    114. Kylix Information Systems 
    115. LA Gomme Training Centre 
    116. Leading Edge Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    117. Leanco Business Services & Training Centre CC 
    118. Lephalale Core Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    119. Lesedi Consulting 
    120. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    121. LGIT Smart Solutions 
    122. Limco Consulting and management (Pty) Ltd 
    123. LMoss Trading cc 
    124. Loja Trading cc 
    125. Loxtion Server CC 
    126. M-cot Corporate Training 
    127. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    128. Madzahisi College 
    129. Makau Tours and Skills Development 
    130. Makhophila Business Enterprise 
    131. Masana Brainstorm Conferencing cc 
    132. Mash Computer Training 
    133. Mass Computer Training And Printers 
    134. Mkoneni Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    135. Modise Computer College 
    136. Mokk Consultants Cc 
    137. Mosadikago Trading Cc 
    138. Motheo TVET College 
    139. Mourema Computer Training Centre 
    140. Mpande Technologies cc 
    141. Mpisholo Training Solutions 
    142. Mpondo Zengwenya Trading Cc 
    143. MSC Education Holdings Pty Ltd 
    144. Mthonyama Technologies cc 
    145. Mveelaphanda Development and Projects cc 
    146. National Computer College Carletonville 
    147. National Computer College Cc 
    148. Ndabezitha Life Skills Training Institute 
    149. Nedbank Ltd 
    150. NET2G Technologies (Pty) Ltd t/a IT SCHOOL 
    151. NetCampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    152. Nextgen Training Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    153. Ngubeni Corporation 
    154. Nicoflora Computers & PC Engineering (Pty) Ltd 
    155. Nyankwavi Inverstment 
    156. Ocule IT cc 
    157. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    158. OnTrack Learning Solutions CC 
    159. Overcomers Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    160. Parkton College of Catering & Tourism Studies 
    161. Pillays Computer and Careers 
    162. Prompt It Solutions 
    163. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    164. Protech Business and Computer College Pty Ltd. 
    165. Pulakgadi Training Consulting 
    166. Qhakaza Management Services 
    167. Rand Training College 
    168. Regent-Comp 
    169. Rivoni Training N Communications 
    170. Ron and Becky Trading 
    171. Rorisang Computer (Pty) Ltd 
    172. Sankin Computer Training Pty Ltd 
    173. Sas Institute Pty Ltd 
    174. Sed General Trading Enterprise 
    175. SEDIBENG 
    176. Setlagole Telecentre 
    177. SIGNA ACADEMY PTY LTD 
    178. Silulo Ulutho Technologies 
    179. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    180. Siyabonga Multi - Purpose Centre 
    181. Siyafunda Community Technology Centre 
    182. Software Support And Training 
    183. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    184. Southern Africa Youth Project NPC 
    185. Sovereign Skills Development Institute (Pty) 
    186. Speccon (Pty) Ltd 
    187. Springfield Training (Pty) Ltd 
    188. Star Light Consulting 
    189. T Mabuya and Associates 
    190. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    191. Taballos Business Services 
    192. Technology Corporate Management (Pty) Ltd 
    193. Terry Computer Services cc 
    194. The Graduate Institute of South Africa 
    195. The Ulwazi Computer Training Center 
    196. Tira Telecoms 
    197. Titan Trade Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    198. Torque Technical Computer Training (Pty) Ltd 
    199. Tshedza Training Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    200. Tshiredo Training Academy Cc 
    201. Turnstone Trading 183 (Pty) Ltd 
    202. Umbrella Training and Development 
    203. Vukani Solutions 
    204. Vuthlari Marketing Consulting (PTY)LTD 
    205. Waterberg TVET College 
    206. Whispers ETD Consulting 
    207. Whitestone College 
    208. Work Skills Resources 
    209. Xtensive ICT Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    210. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    211. Y2K COLLEGE 
    212. Zealot Business College cc 
    213. Zinjiva Trading 
    214. ZJ Africa Learn (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.