SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Provide primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
254220  Provide primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder 
ORIGINATOR ORIGINATING PROVIDER
SGB Occupational Health and Safety   
QUALITY ASSURING BODY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Preventive Health 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2008-02-06  2010-06-02  SAQA 0875/08 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2011-06-02   2014-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
116534  Carry out basic first aid treatment in the workplace  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
116509  Apply primary emergency life support  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Complete 
116496  Provide primary emergency care for bleeding and wounds  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
116497  Provision of primary emergency care intervention for shock, unconsciousness and fainting in the working place  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
116499  Perform vital signs in the working place  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
116500  Provide primary emergency life support for fractures and dislocations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
116501  Demonstrate the interpretation of vital signs when providing primary emergency care or first aid  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 
120336  Provide risk based primary emergency care/first aid as an advanced first responder in the workplace  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
376480  Provide first aid as an advanced first responder  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended to enable the first responder in an emergency situation to react to health emergencies at an advanced level, until the arrival of more qualified emergency personnel.

Qualifying learners will be capable of:
  • Explaining the principles of advanced primary emergency care in all health emergencies.
  • Demonstrating an advanced level of preparedness to deal with potential emergencies.
  • Assessing and managing a complex emergency scene/disaster.
  • Explaining the applied anatomy and physiology of the human body systems and describing the emergency care management of disorders and diseases relating to each physical system.
  • Applying primary emergency life support for all age groups according to international and/or national protocols.
  • Explaining and managing shock.

    NB: The certificate of competency associated with this unit standard will only be valid for three years only to ensure relevancy with rapidly changing internationally researched emergency care protocols. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 2.
  • Mathematical literacy at NQF Level 2.
  • SAQA ID 120496: Provide risk-based primary emergency care/first aid in the workplace.
  • SAQA ID 244574: Apply knowledge of HIV/AIDS to a specific business sector and a workplace. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the principles of advanced primary emergency care in all health emergencies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The aims of emergency care are identified and explained with relevance to the risks of a specific situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Universal precautions used during treatment of sick and injured are identified and their purposes explained and applied in terms of accepted health procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Personal protective equipment; management of body fluid spills.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The specific medico-legal implications of risk based primary emergency care are identified and explained in terms of current relevant legislation and regulations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an advanced level of preparedness to deal with potential emergencies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Legal responsibilities are identified and explained in accordance with relevant current legislation and associated regulations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The legislated rescue and first aid equipment and any additional applicable risk based equipment is identified and demonstrated in accordance with specific given uses. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Emergency equipment storage and maintenance is described and demonstrated according to required specifications and accessibility for use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The level of preparedness demonstrated is applicable to the specific risk site. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Assess and manage a complex emergency scene/disaster. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Potential disasters are identified in terms of their likelihood of occurrence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The principles and implementation methods of the situational disaster management plans are explained in terms of activation, establishment and maintenance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The potential health hazards that may result from a complex emergency scene/disaster are assessed and explained in terms of the causes identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The method of triage is explained in accordance with the accepted international codes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Mobilisation activities for emergency services, relevant to the place of occurrence and the specific needs are identified and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Secondary patient assessment and continual care is explained and demonstrated. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the applied anatomy and physiology of the human body systems and describe the emergency care management of disorders and diseases relating to each physical system. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Physical topography; nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular-skeletal, integumentary, digestive, genito-urinary and endocrine systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Applied anatomy and physiology of the various human body systems are explained in accordance with scientifically accepted terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Common disorders and diseases relevant to each system of the body are identified and described in terms of signs, symptoms and emergency care management. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Include but not limited to:
  • Nervous system: Head injuries, epileptic seizures, stroke, transient ischaemic attack, poisoning.
  • Cardio-vascular system; cyanosis, angina, heart attack/myocardial infarction, heart failure.
  • Respiratory system: Drowning, poisonous chemical inhalation, croup, asthma, pneumonia, emphysema, haemothorax, pneumo-thorax, sucking chest wound, flail chest, pleurisy.
  • Infectious diseases/febrile diseases especially those prevalent in the community: Hyper/hypothermia, malaria, bilharzia, cholera, typhoid, gastroenteritis, childhood infectious diseases.
  • Musculo-skeletal system: Fractures, amputations, bone diseases, arthritis, dislocations, sprains, strains.
  • Digestive system: Poisons, dehydration/re-hydration, abdominal pain, bowel evisceration.
  • Urinary system: Urinary tract infections.
  • Reproductive system: sexual transmitted infections, emergency childbirth.
  • Integumentary system: Allergic reactions, burns, wounds.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Apply primary emergency life support for adults, children and infants according to current international and/or national protocols. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Appropriately sized manikins and other supporting equipment must be used for the purpose of this assessment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A primary survey is conducted; signs and symptoms are identified and recorded in terms of required protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Methods of managing airway obstruction/choking are demonstrated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Including but not limited to:
  • Head tilt-chin lift; Finger sweep; Heimlich manoeuvre/chest thrust/abdominal thrust; cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR); Recovery position/lateral position.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    One/two rescuer CPR is explained and demonstrated with the use of barrier ventilation devices, utilizing appropriately sized manikins. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of devices include but not limited to:
  • Mouthpiece, pocket mask, bag-valve-mask.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Recovery positions are demonstrated with and without spinal board and spider harness in accordance with the safety and comfort of the patient. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The patient is transported in terms of availability according to the conditions under which the incident occurred. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The need for oxygen therapy is explained, the administration is demonstrated and the dangers of open oxygen elaborated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Pulse sites and pulse monitoring are explained and demonstrated in terms of on-going monitoring of the condition of the patient. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of pulse sites:
  • Carotid; radial; brachial; pedal; femoral; fontanelle; popliteal; temporal.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Explain and manage shock. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Range includes the following types of shock:
  • Cardiogenic; hypovolaemic; psycogenic; anaphylactic; neurogenic; metabolic. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Demonstrate the management of a specified type of shock according to the symptoms presented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Different types of shock are identified and explained according to the specific type. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a candidate against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Current applicable legislation pertaining to disaster management and injury whilst on duty:
  • Emergency materials, equipment and/or appropriate improvisation.
  • The scope of practice of a first responder.
  • Patient consent and recording.
  • Primary and secondary assessment within a complex emergency scene/disaster.
  • Applied anatomy and physiology.
  • Principles of primary emergency health care.
  • Safe oxygen administration.
  • Measurement of blood pressure and pulse.
  • Shock.
  • Haemorrhage.
  • Crush injuries.
  • Eye injuries.
  • Ear injuries.
  • Burns.
  • Universal precautions regarding safe management of blood and body fluids.
  • Bone diseases including osteogenesis imperfecta, bone infection/osteomylitis, osteoporosis.
  • Infectious diseases including meningitis, encephalitis, mumps, measles, whooping cough, poliomyelitis, tetanus, tuberculosis, HIV&AIDS, hepatitis.
  • Recording and Reporting.
  • Glasgow Coma Scale. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems regarding the mechanisms of injuries and make decisions, using critical and creative thinking, regarding the prevention of complications, referral systems to use and the treatment to be provided with improvisation where equipment is unavailable. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a first response team, safety response team, South African Defence Force and civil protection/disaster services. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage activities responsibly in respect of scene control, establishing the order of treatment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Assess, analyse and critically evaluate information with regards signs and symptoms and explain meanings and results. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical, and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations when managing the sick or injured person, and when reporting effectively to emergency health personnel. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology when utilising available emergency equipment responsibility with regard to the patient, the health of others and the environment. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE QUALITY ASSURING BODY
    Core  65490   National Certificate: Arboriculture: Tree Preservation  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2015-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Core  65409   National Certificate: Building and Civil Construction  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2015-06-30  CETA 
    Core  77063   National Certificate: Construction Health and Safety  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2015-06-30  CETA 
    Core  67329   National Certificate: Inshore Maritime Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2015-06-30  TETA 
    Core  60249   National Certificate: Primary Response in Emergencies  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2010-06-02  HW SETA 
    Core  65569   Further Education and Training Certificate: Adventure Based Learning  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2015-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Core  71469   Further Education and Training Certificate: Equine Practices  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2015-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Core  66809   Further Education and Training Certificate: Sport Technical Officiating  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2015-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Elective  63269   National Certificate: Gaming Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2015-06-30  CATHSSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Quality Assuring Bodies have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Quality Assuring Body should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Abc Developers 
    2. Academy for Construction Skills (Pty) Ltd (ACS) 
    3. AGR National Training cc 
    4. Amokoro Training Coastal (pty) ltd 
    5. Builders Training Centre 
    6. Catagrict Impremere 
    7. Corobrick (Pty) Ltd 
    8. Dego Consultants 
    9. Eastcape Training Centre 
    10. Goldfields FET College 
    11. Group Five Skills Training Academy (Group Five CSTA) 
    12. IMBAWULA CIVIL PROJECTS 
    13. L S Nkosi CC 
    14. Leps Training Consultants 
    15. Macsen Construction & Projects 
    16. Mthoms Trading 
    17. MTL Training and Projects 
    18. Novi General Services 
    19. Qualfurn Furniture Manufacture cc 
    20. S.A.G Training 
    21. Sakhisizwe Development Training 
    22. Sphola Consulting 
    23. TLHALEFO SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CC 
    24. Tovani Traiding 299 
    25. TSD Training and Construction 
    26. Umfolozi FET College 
    27. Uthungulu HRD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.