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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain aircraft orientation and related aspects 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
261198  Explain aircraft orientation and related aspects 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Aerospace Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Physical Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners accredited with this standard will grasp some of the theoretical and practical aspects pertaining to the aircraft. They will also learn about radio usage, loads and balances.

Learners credited with this Unit Standard will be capable of:
  • Demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the aircraft.
  • Explaining the aerodynamics of flight.
  • Operating a radio. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 2.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the aircraft. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Aircraft layout is explained and demonstrated to indicate the location and function of the main components of the aircraft. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Including but not limited to engines, holds, passenger cabin, fuselage, flight deck, service points, wings, control systems, tail, undercarriage, nose wheel, spoilers, landing gear, propellers, ailerons.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The main internal features of the aircraft are described in terms of their functions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Features include flight crew and passenger seating, galleys, toilets, cabin stowage areas.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The exits on the aircraft are identified and their principle uses are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Passenger, cargo, emergency, boarding doors.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Categories of aircraft are identified and described in terms of the main differences between them. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Rotary, fixed wing, wide body and narrow body, cargo and passenger.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the aerodynamics of flight. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The four forces acting on an aircraft in flight are described to show how each causes the plane to fly. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    These are lift, drag, weight, thrust. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The three axes of an aircraft are identified and described in terms of the movement around each. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The concept 'aircraft attitude' is defined and the possible attitudes are listed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Aircraft primary controls are described in terms of their effect on an aircraft in flight. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Includes yaw, pitch, roll.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The aspects of weight and balance are discussed in terms of their effect on aircraft weight and movement. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The concept of centre of gravity is explained in relations to its role in aircraft movement and controllability. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Operate a radio. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Radio includes ground radio and hand held radio. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The radio is operated as per manufacturer's instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Clarity, audibility and conciseness are demonstrated when communicating. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Call signs and standard words and phrases are used according to the aviation terminology. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Aircraft orientation.
  • Theory of flight.
  • Radio usage at the airport. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsively and effectively when:
  • Explaining aircraft layout (main components and internal features).
  • Explaining the aerodynamics of flight.
  • Operating a radio at the airport. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information to:
  • Solve problems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using:
  • A ground radio and hand held radio.
  • Appropriate hand signals.
  • Appropriate language and terminology. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and the health of others by:
  • Using the radio equipment according to manufacturer's instructions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  65010   National Certificate: Aviation Support Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2018-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Lanseria International Airport Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.