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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Analyse logistics systems and implement appropriate strategic plans 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
336740  Analyse logistics systems and implement appropriate strategic plans 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Procurement, Logistics and Supply Chain Mngt 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Procurement 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People credited with this Unit Standard will be able to describe what logistics is and draw a logistics system and then analyse it to identify areas where improved performance and/or integration can enhance the effectiveness of the total supply chain.

A learner credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Analyse logistic systems.
  • Recommend areas for improvement.
  • Develop and implement strategic plans. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 4.
  • The execution of supervisory tasks.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4.
  • The philosophy of SCM at NQF Level 5.
  • Quantitative techniques at NQF Level 5. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The applied competence expressed in this standard covers the knowledge and understanding of:
  • The meaning and focus of logistics.
  • What a logistics system is and how it is constructed.
  • The various techniques to analyse the logistics system.
  • The consequences of changes in the logistics system on the rest of the supply chain. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Analyse logistic systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Logistics systems are analysed to determine their role within the supply chain. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Logistics systems are evaluated to identify and determine the activities that form an integral part of logistics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The inter-relationships between logistics and the other elements in the supply chain are assessed to determine their influence on the supply chain. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Key logistics performance indicators are evaluated to reflect their uses in monitoring processes. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Recommend areas for improvement. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Various analysis techniques are applied to determine the effectiveness of the logistics system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Problems and opportunities are identified and articulated to reflect their association with typical logistics systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Results of the analysis are interpreted. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Recommendations are made in terms of best practices for the functioning of logistics systems. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Develop and implement strategic plans. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The recommended areas for improvement are organised to determine whether all logistics problems have been addressed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Potential solutions to the problems are examined and evaluated to verify that they should be included in a strategic plan. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The implications of these solutions on the rest of the supply chain are articulated and communicated to all roleplayers. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Strategic plans are developed to include identified solutions to improve the operation of logistics within the supply chain. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Strategic plans are recommended to enhance the achievement of the supply chain objectives. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • Moderation should encompass achievement of competence described in both individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the Qualification.. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • The elements of a logistics system.
  • The relationships and interactions between logistics and the other processes in the supply chain.
  • What is meant by a logistics system.
  • What is meant by integration.
  • The fundamentals of systems theory.
  • The key logistics activities.
  • The key performance areas in logistics.
  • The application of systems theory in a logistics environment.
  • The main cost drivers in logistics (transportation, warehousing, inventory carrying cost, order processing, lot quality cost, and stock out cost).
  • The principles of the following key logistics concepts (Efficient Consumer Response, Quick Response, Just in Time, Just in sequence).
  • The key principles and objectives associated with each of the key concepts.
  • The key challenges associated with the implementation of each of the concepts.
  • Examples of each of the types of organisational structures relevant to a logistics function.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of each of the types of structure from a logistics perspective.
  • The impact of the types of structures on the logistics strategy.
  • The meaning of the distribution channels and gives examples.
  • The various modes of transport available for the movement of goods and services.
  • The main characteristics of each mode of transport from a cost and service perspective.
  • The advantages and constraints of each mode of transport.
  • The global trends in transportation and how they impact on the modal decision.
  • Inter modalism and discuss its advantages and disadvantages.
  • The role of containerization in logistics.
  • The techniques for analysing the logistics system (simulations, process mapping, auditing, benchmarking).
  • The application of the various techniques to analyse the logistics system.
  • The principle elements and functioning of each of the techniques.
  • Where and when each technique should be used.
  • The use of optimisation techniques to determine the effectiveness of the logistics system.
  • How the total cost of ownership concept applies to logistics.
  • The various cost trade offs.
  • The key drivers of customer service (availability, reliability, flexibility, and responsiveness).
  • How to measure customer satisfaction.
  • The relationship between customer service and cost.
  • The reasons for logistics planning.
  • The key characteristics of a good plan.
  • The process of doing logistics planning.
  • The various Levels of logistics planning (Strategic, tactical and operational) from a time horizon and impact perspective. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Identifying the various options of direct and indirect channel design and how each design will impact on logistics. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community during:
  • Analysing various logistics systems and developing appropriate strategic plans. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively through:
  • Researching the concepts of distribution channels and how the various channel designs impact on organisational performance and logistics strategy. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information when:
  • Identify and evaluate logistics systems to recommend enhanced performance for the supply chain. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
  • Discussing the role and importance of each intermediary in the distribution channel and how it impacts on the logistics strategy. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science, technology and indigenous knowledge effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others through:
  • Presenting findings to relevant stakeholders. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • Demonstrate understanding of the cause and effect relationship between logistics and the other components and processes in the supply chain. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  74149   National Certificate: Supply Chain Management  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality Pty Ltd 
    2. Andebe Training and Skills Development 
    3. BPL Academy 
    4. Brilliant Skills Development & Training Solutions 
    5. Centre for Logistics Excellence (Pty) Ltd 
    6. College of Production Technology 
    7. COMMERCE EDGE SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    8. Global Maritime Legal Solutions Pty Ltd 
    9. Innovative Shared Services 
    10. KVR TRAINING AND BUSINESS SOLUTIONS PTY LTD 
    11. Makwedeng Training 
    12. Metro Minds 
    13. Phephani Learnerships cc 
    14. Pro-Active Assessment and RPL College (Pty) Ltd 
    15. School of Shipping 
    16. Skills Development Specialists 
    17. UKWAKHILE TRAINING 
    18. Y2K College 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.