SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of ground-based machine extraction 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117044  Demonstrate knowledge of ground-based machine extraction 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forestry 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit introduces theory to give people insight into ground-based machine extraction. It is for people who have the responsibility of operating and supervising skidders, forwarders and tractor units in extraction operations.

People credited with this unit are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of ground-based machine extraction methods.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of factors influencing efficiencies in ground-based machine extraction. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of ground-based machine extraction methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different ground-based machines used for extraction are named and their are functions explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Skidders (grapple, cable, clambunk), forwarders, tractor-trailer units with/without cranes and tractors with skidding attachments. Skidding attachments include winches, A-frames, grapples and other similar skidding attachments.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Ground-based machine extraction methods are explained in terms of where and in what applications it can be used. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Skidding (grapple skidders, cable skidders, clambunk skidders and tractors with skidding attachments), forwarding (forwarders and tractor-trailer units with/without cranes).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The advantages and disadvantages of each method and machines are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge of factors influencing efficiencies in ground-based machine extraction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Implications of unplanned extraction and lack of controls are explained in terms of cost, safety, operational efficiencies and physical environmental impacts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The role of the different members as part of the harvesting team is explained in terms of complying with safety standards and to optimise production. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Factors influencing skidding and forwarding operations are explained in terms of sections 4.3.4 & 4.3.5 of the Guidelines. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Factors influencing the extraction direction are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Felling direction and layout, presentation of timber, landing location, terrain (slope, ground roughness and ground conditions), environmental considerations and equipment to be used.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Effects of over and under production in extraction operations are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Effects on subsequent operations, quality, team work, safety.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Reasons for planning each extraction route are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Effective machine application, balance timber flow to landing, maintain production, minimise hazards, maximise personnel effectiveness, minimise environmental impacts.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Providers of learning and assessors must be accredited in terms of the requirements of the Forest Industries Education and Training Authority.

    Moderation option: The moderation requirements of the Forest Industries Education and Training Authority must be met. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Different ground-based machines

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties of:
  • Ground-based machine extraction methods

    Sensory cues:
  • What I see, feel hear and smell during the process

    Purpose of:
  • Ground-based machines and the various attachments

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Standard operating procedures: "Guidelines for Forest Engineering Practices in South Africa" (FESA)
  • Safety, Health and Environmental (SHE) legislation

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Advantages and disadvantages of each method of extraction and ground-based machines
  • Factors influencing extraction direction

    Relationships, systems:
  • Over and under production in extraction operations 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Relating to ground-based machine extraction 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others
  • When interacting with team members and colleagues during the planning of efficient ground-based machine extracting operations 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities
  • When demonstrating knowledge of ground-based machine extraction methods
  • When managing resources and my time 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
  • When discussing factors influencing skidding and forwarding operations
  • When discussing effects of over and under production in extraction operations
  • When submitting reports and/or reporting to the relevant department 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems
  • The interaction of the various types of ground-based extraction machines, their attachments and extraction methods 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48988   National Certificate: Forestry: Timber Harvesting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AQUILA TRAINING 
    2. CMO Logistics Pty Ltd 
    3. College of Machine Operators 
    4. Cradle Stars Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    5. Creative Minds Skills Development and Training 
    6. Furniture World Training Centre 
    7. Future Discovery Training Academy CC 
    8. HHO Enterprise 
    9. Kwamahlati Training Services cc 
    10. Legal Environment Safety & Health Requirements cc 
    11. Lottenburg Edu-Farm 
    12. MHLAMBANYATHI GROUP PTY ( LTD) 
    13. Nikwe Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    14. Phambile Skills Training (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Platorand Training Centre 
    16. Seacrest Investments 156 (Pty) Ltd 
    17. South African Forestry Training College 
    18. Sunrise Skills Training 
    19. Take Note Trading 227 cc 
    20. Tirhani SkillsTraining Pty Ltd 
    21. Tiriso Investments 
    22. Tommy Phiri Labour Relations and Training Services 
    23. Ukubhukuda Trading & Projects 165 
    24. Umgano Foundation (NPC) 
    25. Vicmat Consultants 
    26. VPK BUSINESS VENTURE C C 
    27. York Timbers Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.