SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Compile revenue and cost analyses in the context of multi-year revenue and expenditure management in municipalities 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
123457  Compile revenue and cost analyses in the context of multi-year revenue and expenditure management in municipalities 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Administration 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Public Administration 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners credited with this Unit Standard will be able add value to technical ability of support revenue and expenditure management in municipalities. The learner will also be able to cost and analyse revenues for purposes of service delivery by municipalities and understand where this income is derived from and that the drivers of the revenues from different sources are varied.

This standard will also add value to public officials who are seeking to develop a career pathway towards an accomplished public finance management and administration specialist.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Performing cost-volume-profit analysis in the management of municipal revenue and costs.
  • Determining how costs and revenue behave in different operations of a municipality.
  • Preparing schedule of relevant costs and revenue to support a decision making process.
  • Determining viability of selected revenue sources of municipal service delivery activities. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that the learner is competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 3, or equivalent
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3, or equivalent
  • Computer Literacy at NFF Level 3, or equivalent 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Perform cost-volume-profit analysis in the management of municipal revenue and costs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Special and general cases of cost-volume-profit analysis are explained in terms of how they impact on revenue and cost drivers in a municipality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Assumptions underlying the use of cost-volume-profit analysis are described focusing on the limitations associated with such analysis. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Illustrations are prepared according to requirements to demonstrate how cost-volume-profit analysis is used by municipalities to revenue and cost planning. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The effect of changes in the municipal revenue mix on operating reserves/surplus are described with examples of how these inform decisions relating to revenue raising activities of municipalities. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Determine how costs and revenue behave in different operations of a municipality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Assumptions frequently used in cost and revenue behaviour estimation are explained focusing on the different revenue and cost drivers in municipalities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Linear costs and revenue functions are described with reference to three common ways in which they behave in municipal service delivery setting. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Different approaches to revenue and cost estimation are identified and used in terms of how it will guide management of municipal revenue and expenditure in a multi-year context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The steps used in estimating revenue and cost functions on the basis of current or past data are outlined with examples which inform modelling of revenues and costs in a municipality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Data problems encountered in estimating revenue and cost functions are explained with examples describing three criteria used to select drivers for revenue and costs in a municipality. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare schedule of relevant costs and revenue to support a decision making process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The sequence to be followed in the decision process is described with examples, which outline information needs of a selected decision problem. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Key aspects of relevant costs and revenues in a decision making problem are described with examples which provide an outline of the meaning of relevant revenues in a given decision situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Ways in which per unit revenue and cost data can mislead municipal decision makers are provided which show awareness of limitations of financial aspects of a decision problem. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Two different ways must be provided.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The key concept used to by municipalities in choosing among multiple services to render when faced with capacity constraints are described to indicate common pitfalls of relevant cost analysis. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Quantitative factors and qualitative factors in a decision situation are distinguished in terms of how they provide guidance to operational decision making problems in municipalities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The advantages of disaster planning are identified and described with reference to the design of a comprehensive risk and hazard management plan. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Determine viability of selected revenue sources of municipal service delivery activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Revenue tracing and revenue allocation are distinguished to analyse the fiscal sustainability of selected revenue raising activities of a municipality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Broad revenue averaging adjustments are made and shown on how they result in misstatement of revenues from different municipal service delivery activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of allocating the revenues of a bundled package to individual services in a service delivery package are described with examples of an analysis of viability of different revenue generating activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Explicit recording of the amount of price discounting is made and described according to organisational standard operating procedures to provide a basis for the analysis of revenue raising activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Customer-profitability reports are prepared according to organisational standard operating procedures to highlight differences across customers' profitability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Cost hierarchy notion is illustrated with examples of situations that require customer costing and profitability analysis. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The learner must demonstrate an understanding of:
  • Municipal Structures Act
  • Different service rendered by municipalities
  • Division of Revenue Act
  • Municipal Finance Management Act
  • Public Sector Finance Management Act
  • Economic applications of Linear Functions
  • Writing of reports for different purposes
  • Medium Term Income and Revenue Expenditure Framework 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems using critical and creative thinking processes to determine costs and revenue and in the preparation of municipal budgets. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community to ensure that all relevant information is gathered from key role-players for input into costing analyses. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively in order to meet costing deadlines. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information relating to viability of selected revenue sources. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion to compile revenue and costing analysis. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility to the environment and health of others in capturing all relevant information for revenue and cost analysis. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of interrelated systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts relating to revenue and cost analyses within the municipal sector do not exist in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities by ensuring accurate revenue and cost analyses. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50372   Further Education and Training Certificate: Municipal Finance and Administration  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
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    5. ARMS - Audit & Risk Management Solutions 
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    7. AVAX SA 481 CC. T/A Mandisa Development Services 
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    9. BF QUALITY SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    10. Boni Africa Events & Development 
    11. Break The Chains Development Services 
    12. Buena Vista Learning Academy 
    13. Change Strategies Consulting Services CC 
    14. Crimsonblu (PTY) LTD 
    15. CTAM Training and Consulting 
    16. CTC College(PTY) LTD. 
    17. Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) 
    18. DialNx Consultants 
    19. Ditirelo Skills Development Services 
    20. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    21. Elvis Koena Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    22. Execuprime Business College (Pty) Ltd 
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    24. Glere Skills and Consultants 
    25. Glo Leb Training & Development 
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    27. Growth Management Consulting 
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    32. IQ Skills Academy (PTY) LTD. 
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    34. Jobafrik Consulting 
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    37. Kernel Management and Consulting (PTY) LTD. 
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    40. KHOSITHI TRAINING 
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    42. KOKANO PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    43. Lewerb Holdings (PTY) Ltd 
    44. Mabuya Amahle Trading 
    45. Maile Consulting 
    46. Makavila Suppliers CC. 
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    54. Mosadikago Trading Cc 
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    56. NJ & L Trading Enterprise CC. 
    57. NOMAKU TRADERS CC 
    58. NS Global Academy 
    59. Outeniqua Leadership Institute 
    60. Paseka Business Enterprise 
    61. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    62. Power Rush Trading 170 CC. 
    63. Sinokuhle Konke Trading Enterprise 
    64. Tadi Training & Development Institute 
    65. Tloumogale Business Development & Consulting 
    66. Tshamutengo General Dealers CC. 
    67. Umfolozi FET College 
    68. Umqondo Consultancy 
    69. University of Venda 
    70. Vicmat Consultants 
    71. Vuselela FET College - Central Office 
    72. Vuselela FET College - Klerksdorp Campus 
    73. Ya Hina Management Consulting and projects 
    74. YAB Business Solutions (Pty)Ltd 
    75. Zerben Management Solutions 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.