SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Describe the principles of Computer Programming 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14918  Describe the principles of Computer Programming 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended:
  • to provide a conceptual knowledge of the areas covered
  • for those entering the workplace in the area of systems development
  • as additional knowledge for those wanting to understand the areas covered

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • describe problem analysis and program design techniques
  • describe different data representations used in computer programs
  • describe basic programming principles
  • described the principles used in designing a computer program
    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Open.
    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having the prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3)
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End User Computing unit standards up to Level 3). 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe problem analysis and program design techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description provides an appreciation of the steps and techniques of program maintenance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Understand problem, devise plan, carry out plan, review solution, apply change, test & implement.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies different problem analysis techniques (at least 2). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Problem definition, Hierarchical (Top-Down) approach, Stepwise refinement, Modularity.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description identifies different programming design techniques. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Flow charts, Structured use of language (Pseudo code).
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe different data representations used in computer programs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description distinguishes between different numeric data types (at least 3). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Binary, Decimal, Hexadecimal, Octal.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies different logical data types. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Numeric, Alphabetic, Alpha numeric, Boolean
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description distinguishes between different internal representations of data types. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bit, Byte, Word.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description identifies different logical operators. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    4. And, Or, Not.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe the basic principles of Computer Programming. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description identifies different algorithmic structures of programming languages. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sequential, Selection, Loops.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description identifies good program documentation principles (at least 3). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    General readability, Meaningful variable names, indentation, program comments.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description identifies programming quality assurance (QA) principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Syntax checking, Test data & test plan.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description distinguishes between validation and verification. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The description explains the relationship between files, records and fields. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe the principles used in designing a computer program. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description identifies methods of specifying problems. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    program structure diagrams, decision trees, decision tables, use cases, pseudo code.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description explains techniques used to research problems in terms of inputs and outputs. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    HIPO, Object-event diagrams, UML actors.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description includes an evaluation of the viability of developing computer programs to solve problems and it identifies the issues in assessing the viability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The description explains the features of a computer program that could solve a given problem. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Batch/online, User Interface Type, Keyboard/mouse driven.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authoriy (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour. An example of the standards expected is the standards found in ISO 9000 Certified Organisations.
    2. Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
    3. All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements.
    4. Performance of all elements should be performed with a solid understanding of the use of development tools needed in the areas applicable to the unit standard. Examples of such tools are, but are not limited to CASE tools, programming language editors with syntax checking, program source version control systems.
    5. Performance of all elements should make use of International capability models used for Software Development. Examples of such models include (but are not limited to) the ISO SPICE model as well as the CMM model for Software Development. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify, solve problems and make decisions in relation to the current systems development environments. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and or language skills in the modes of oral and/ or written persuasion when engaging with systems development. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:
  • Structured use of language and pseudo code have equal meaning
  • Where not specified otherwise, all options in the range statement must be covered to confirm that a learner is competent in the specific outcome

    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):Systems Development 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49627   Further Education and Training Certificate: e Records Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   
    Core  24294   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  78965   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Elective  20184   National Certificate: Banking  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  BANKSETA 
    Elective  61591   National Certificate: Information Technology: End User Computing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Abetech 
    2. Academy of Training and Development 
    3. AccTech Systems (PTY)LTD 
    4. Acol Computer Training PTY LTD 
    5. Act of Grace 97 
    6. Added Advantage Academy (Durban) 
    7. Afedile M Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    8. Affirmations Training 
    9. All Connections cc 
    10. Amitek Business College 
    11. Anderson College (Pty) Ltd 
    12. Ankalite (Pty) Limited 
    13. Arise Business Centre 
    14. Artshub Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Aspirations Communication Training CC 
    16. ATTI Nelspruit Pty Ltd 
    17. AUM IT Solutions 
    18. Bantsho Marketing & Management Strategies 
    19. Best Information Solutions 
    20. Beth Horner & Associates 
    21. Birnam Business College (Pty) Limited 
    22. Bonalesedi Computer Training 
    23. Bophelo Tota ICT Driving Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    24. Broadband College of Technology 
    25. BTC Campus (Pty) Ltd 
    26. Bytes People Solutions A Division of Altron TMT (Pty) Ltd 
    27. Calandra Trading 523(PTY) 
    28. Cape Innovation Technology Initiative 
    29. Cape Town Society for the Blind 
    30. Careers IT (Pty) Ltd 
    31. Certified Workforce Trainers cc. 
    32. Claas Illustration 
    33. College Africa Group (Pty) Ltd 
    34. Columbus Consulting Pty Ltd 
    35. CompEd IT Training 
    36. Competence computer and business management 
    37. Compuscan Academy 
    38. CTU Training Solutions 
    39. CYBER MINDS (PTY) LIMITED 
    40. Daily Training Cc 
    41. DC Dynamic College of Commerce & Further Training (Pty) Ltd 
    42. Denwin's Computer & Business School 
    43. Ditlotlo Trading Enterprise Cc 
    44. DVG Property (Pty)Ltd 
    45. Eagle Computer Training 
    46. Eastern Cape Academy of Technology 
    47. Egsibit Training and Development 
    48. Ekasi IT Solutions CC 
    49. Ekukhanyeni Community Development Centre 
    50. Ekurhuleni Computer College 
    51. Elangeni Training Institute 
    52. Fakazani Management Services 
    53. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    54. Far North Education & Training Trust (FNETT) 
    55. Far-Ahead Computer Training Centre Cc 
    56. Firstrand Bank - Benmore 
    57. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    58. Fort Hare Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    59. Foster-Melliar 
    60. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    61. Gauteng College of Engineering and Technology (PTY) LTD 
    62. Gegana Computer Academy and Business Solutions cc 
    63. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    64. Goldfields TVET College 
    65. Goodwill Institute Of Technology 
    66. Gurandbuilt Management Development 
    67. Hazyview Computer College 
    68. Hectic Productions cc 
    69. IALE School of Advanced Learning and Education (Pty) Ltd 
    70. iLearn Corporate Services PTY LTD 
    71. Indonsa Consulting and Training cc 
    72. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    73. Institute of Training and Education for Capacity Building 
    74. ISAMON VOCATIONAL COLLEGE OF EXCELLENCE 
    75. iSolve Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    76. IT Certification Academy 
    77. IT SA Computer Services Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    78. Jeppe College of Commerce and Computer Studies 
    79. Johannesburg Institute of Engineering & Technology 
    80. John Taolo Gaetsewe Developmental Trust 
    81. Keybase Training Solutions Cc 
    82. Kezla Investments 
    83. King Sabata Dalindyebo TVET College 
    84. Kondi Computer Training 
    85. Kumani Computer College 
    86. Kylix Information Systems 
    87. Leading Edge Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    88. Lephalale Core Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    89. Lesedi Consulting 
    90. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    91. LGIT Smart Solutions 
    92. Limco Consulting and management (Pty) Ltd 
    93. Loja Trading cc 
    94. Mackeys Computing (Pty) Ltd 
    95. Malope IT Solutions 
    96. Masana Brainstorm Conferencing cc 
    97. Mash Computer Training 
    98. Mass Computer Training And Printers 
    99. MasterGrade IT 
    100. Mokk Consultants Cc 
    101. Mosadikago Trading Cc 
    102. Mourema Computer Training Centre 
    103. Mpisholo Training Solutions 
    104. Mthonyama Technologies cc 
    105. National Computer College Carletonville 
    106. National Computer College Cc 
    107. NCM Computer and Business Academy 
    108. Ndabezitha Life Skills Training Institute 
    109. Nedbank Ltd 
    110. NetCampus (Pty) Ltd. 
    111. New Era Computer Training Centre (Hidobyte CC) 
    112. Ngubeni Corporation 
    113. Nicoflora Computers & PC Engineering (Pty) Ltd 
    114. Ntamunde Investment 
    115. Ocule IT cc 
    116. On the Ball College Pty ltd 
    117. Overcomers Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    118. Pillays Computer and Careers 
    119. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    120. PROSERV SA (PTY) LTD 
    121. Protech Business and Computer College Pty Ltd. 
    122. Qhakaza Management Services 
    123. Rand Training College 
    124. Reaithuta Computer Academy 
    125. Regent-Comp 
    126. Ron and Becky Trading 
    127. Rorisang Computer (Pty) Ltd 
    128. Sankin Computer Training Pty Ltd 
    129. Sas Institute Pty Ltd 
    130. Sebata Municipal Solutions (Pty) Limited 
    131. SEDIBENG 
    132. Setlagole Telecentre 
    133. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    134. Siyabonga Multi - Purpose Centre 
    135. Siyafunda Community Technology Centre 
    136. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    137. Southern Africa Youth Project NPC 
    138. Sovereign Skills Development Institute (Pty) 
    139. Springfield Training (Pty) Ltd 
    140. Star Light Consulting 
    141. Success Christian Training Centre 
    142. Taal-Net Training Institute 
    143. Terry Computer Services cc 
    144. The Graduate Institute of South Africa 
    145. The Ulwazi Computer Training Center 
    146. Tira Telecoms 
    147. Titan Trade Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    148. Torque Technical Computer Training (Pty) Ltd 
    149. Tshwane College of Commerce and Computer 
    150. Tumelo Education and Training 
    151. Turnstone Trading 183 (Pty) Ltd 
    152. Umbuso Training Services (Pty) Ltd. 
    153. Vukani Solutions 
    154. Vuthlari Marketing Consulting (PTY)LTD 
    155. Waterberg TVET College 
    156. Whitestone College 
    157. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    158. Y2K COLLEGE 
    159. Zealot Business College cc 
    160. Zinjiva Trading 
    161. ZJ Africa Learn (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.